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   F. Pronounced as the names of letters but with
A. Pronounced as a word, containing only a shortcut.
initial letters. Example: IEEE (a  )
Example: AIDS (acquired Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
immune deficiency syndrome) G. Shortcut incorporated into name.
B. Pronounced as a word, containing non- Example: W3C (  
)
initial letters. World Wide Web Consortium
Example: Amphetamine H. Multi-layered acronyms.
(alpha methyl phenethylamine) Examples: PAC-3 : PATRIOT Advanced
C. Pronounced as a word or names of letters, Capability 3 i.e., Phased Array Tracking RADAR
depending on speaker or context. Intercept on Target i.e., Radio Detection and
FAQ (frequently asked Ranging.
questions) I. Recursive acronyms, in
D. Pronounced as a combination of names of which the abbreviation refers to itself in the
letters and a word. expression for which it stands.
JPEG (Joint Photographic Example:
Experts Group) GNU: GNU͛s Not Unix!
E. Pronounced only as the names of letters. LAME: LAME Ain͛t an MP3 Player
DNA (deoxyribonucleic
acid)
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Compound is a word Noun + Noun ї Teaspoon, moonlight, armchair
that consists of more Noun + Adjective ї Lifelong, homesick, seasick
than one stem. In other Noun + Verb ї Waylay, earmark
words, compound, Adjective + Noun ї Sweetheart, shorthand, nobleman
compounding or word-
Adjective + Adjective ї Lukewarm, red-hot
compounding occurs
Adjective + Verb ї Safeguard, whitewash
when a person attaches
two or more words Adverb + Noun ї Overcoat, downfall, upbeat
together to make them Adverb + Verb ї Outset, income, outcome
one word. Adverb + Verb ї Overtake, overdo, undertake
Verb + Noun ї Hangman, scarecrow, daredevil
Verb + Adverb ї Drawback, showoff, turnabout
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Example:

MVP player: 6      player.


ATM machine:  6   6   machine.
HIV virus: 6  66     virus.
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A. The beginning of one word is added C. Two words are blended around a
to the end of other. common sequence of sounds.
Example: Example:
Spoon + Fork ї Spork Binary + Digit ї Bit
Fan + Magazine ї Fanzine Jeans + Leggings ї Jeggings
B. The beginning of two words are D. Multiple sounds from two
combined. component words are blended, while
Example: mostly preserving the sounds͛ order.
Cybernetic + Organism ї Cyborg Example:
National + Biscuit + Company ї Lithe + Slimy ї Slithy
Nabisco Stagnation + Inflation ї Stagflation
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