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KHALIL GIBRAN

(1883 1931)

BACKGROUND
Kahlil Gibran, a poet, philosopher, and artist who was born in Lebanon in 1983.His vision on life and humanity, made him to be considered the genius of his age. Kahlil's books and poems have been translated into more than twenty languages. Until his move to the United States, Kahlil Gibran wrote in Arabic. From there on he began to write in English. father, a rough man with a bad temper. Gibran and his mother have a close, understanding relationship that nourishes his artistic tendencies. These are discouraged by his father . 1895 father jailed in Besharri, Kamila and her four children emigrate to Boston in hopes of escaping misery Kahlil shows talent at drawing and, at age 12, begins to learn English. 1896 - Gibran discovers Denison House,. Late in that year he first meets photographer Fred Holland ,who has a significant artistic impact on him.

1897 - Moved by a desire to complete his Arabic-language education, Kahlil Gibran returns to Lebanon and attends al-Hikmah high school in Beirut. He also studies religion and ethics. 1902 - Kahlil Gibran returns to Boston, now aged 19. Develops a friendship, then romantic feelings for a young Bostonian woman, Josephine Peabody, a poet and intellectual. In the same year, he loses to tuberculosis his sister Sultana, his half-brother Peter, and his mother Kamila. Kahlil Gibran finds consolation and encouragement with his sister Mariana and his friend Josephine. 1904 - Meets Mary Haskell, an American school headmistress in Boston. Marks the beginning of a lifelong friendship that sometimes veered toward romance. 1910 - Back to Boston. Romance deepens with Mary Haskell, but then she pulls back, apparently in part because she fears to cross the then race barrier and risk her place in society. Kahlil Gibran joins "Golden Links Society" of Arab-American writers and intellectuals. 1931 - He loses to tuberculosis and dies

PAINTINGS.

The divine world Or eye in the palm. Marianna (gibrans sister) Freedom Chained

Jesus the son of man.

WORKS.
Works Originally written in Arabic:
Ara'is al-Muruj (Nymphs of the Valley, 1906) al-Arwah al-Mutamarrida (Spirits Rebellious, 1908) al-Ajniha al-Mutakassira (Broken Wings, 1912) Dam'a wa Ibtisama (A Tear and A Smile, 1914) The Madman (1918) al-Mawakib (The Processions, 1919)

Originally written in English:


The Prophet, (1923) Sand and Foam (1926) Jesus, The Son of Man (1928) The Garden of The Prophet (1933) The Sea

Gibran held his first art exhibition of his drawings in 1904 in Boston, Gibran, author of The Prophet, here offers reflections on such varying topics as life, love, courage, liberty, truth, and understanding that are designed to uplift the soul in everyday living. This edition contains illustrations by the author. The Prophet has never been out of print. Having been translated into more than forty[13] languages, it was one of the bestselling books of the twentieth century in the United States. A compilation of short articles drawn from those were published in Al-Mohejar newspaper

PHILOSOPHY
Overcoming Failure: A shy failure is nobler than an immodest success. Love : If you love somebody, let them go, for if they return, they were always yours. And if they don't, they never were. Success: Keep me away from the wisdom which does not cry, the philosophy which does not laugh and the greatness which does not bow before children. Life: Life without love is like a tree without blossoms or fruit. Insight : Progress lies not in enhancing what is, but in advancing toward what will be. Optimism : The optimist sees the rose and not its thorns; the pessimist stares at the thorns, oblivious of the rose

INFLUENCED BY

William Blake (28 November 1757 12 August 1827) was an English poet, painter, and printmaker. Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941) was the youngest son of Debendranath Tagore, Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni (6 March 1475 18 February 1564), commonly known as Michelangelo, was an Italian Renaissance painter,

HIS INFLUENCE
A world of possibilities was opened up to him by the dynamism and materialism of the American way of life, giving rise to the unique East-West synthesis which Gibrans work represents. The special place of Kahlil Gibran in the hearts of the American people has recently received dual confirmation in the academic and public spheres. On the one hand a proposal for a Chair in his name has been submitted at the University of Maryland, and on the other hand a memorial garden has been created in his honor in Washington, D.C. His stature and importance increase as time passes, for although he died in 1931 and his finest work was published seventy years ago, his message remains as potent and as meaningful today as when he was writing. With its emphasis on the healing process, the universal, the natural, the eternal, the timeless, his work represents a powerful affirmation of faith in the human spirit.

DEATH AND LEGACY


Gibran died in New York City on April 10, 1931Before his death, Gibran expressed the wish that he be buried in Lebanon. This wish was fulfilled in 1932, Gibran remains the most popular LebaneseAmerican writer ever

Much of Gibran's writings deal with Christianity, mostly condemning the corrupt practices of the Eastern churches and their clergies during that era. His poetry is notable for its use of formal language, as well as insights on topics of life using spiritual terms.

Gibran's best-known work is The Prophet, a book composed of 26 poetic essays, the best sellin book after the bible in America .

CONCLUSION
Kahlil Gibran's writings are a unique synthesis of creative figures hovering on the edge of society. At the same time, Gibran did not reject the influences of his own origins, as his Arabic and Eastern literary structure and reflective lyricism reveals. Gibran called his little apartment and studio in New York City "The Hermitage," where he hosted writers and artists like himself in ethnic origin and sharing a common set of values. But Gibran's unique world-view and his combination of creative forces, is a great cultural treasure. His writings, while standing on their own, are an important resource for reflecting on the themes of solitude, society, and self.

THE END
AHSAN ARSHAD BHUTTO ASAD RAZA SAMANA KAZMI SEHRISH