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OBU020301 MSAN UA5000 Alarm Subsystem

ISSUE 1.0

Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading without Permission.

The slide is drafted according to the


<UA5000 Operation Manual --- IPM Volume or APM Volume or PVU Volume or PVM Volume>.

Please refer to < UA5000 Operation


Manual---IPM Volume or APM Volume or PVU Volume or PVM Volume--- Part III Maintenance GuideAlarm Management >

for details

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Objectives

Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:


Understand alarm subsystem of UA5000 Grasp the alarm operation

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Course Contents

Chapter 1 Alarm Subsystem Overview Chapter 2 Alarm Operations

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Alarm Management in UA5000

The UA5000 supports alarm management functions. Any abnormality in the system may require the report of an alarm. You can designate to send the alarm to an NMS workstation or a CLI terminal. For a CLI terminal, you can control the alarms output to it on the UA5000. For an NMS workstation, you can filter the alarms output to it on the NMS terminal itself

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Alarm Attributes Related

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Alarm ID Alarm serial number Alarm level Alarm class Alarm type Alarm parameter Alarm reporting to NMS workstation Alarm reporting to command line

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Description of the common alarm attributes

Alarm ID

The alarm ID is the unique alarm identity composed of four bytes. Each alarm ID corresponds to an alarm. Use the show alarm list command to view the alarm name corresponding to each alarm ID.

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Description of the common alarm attributes

Alarm serial number

The alarm serial number is a long integer. Each alarm has different serial number. In general, the alarm serial number is numbered according to the alarm generation sequence. Therefore, it can be used to locate a specific alarm.

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Description of the common alarm attributes

Alarm level

The alarm level is used to identify the severity of an alarm, which can be divided into critical alarm (critical), major alarm (major), minor alarm (minor) and warning alarm (warning) in the descending order of the alarm severity.

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Description of the common alarm attributes




The critical alarm refers to global alarms which will damage the normal equipment operation and should be repaired immediately, such as power supply circuit fault and loss of clock reference. The major alarm refers to local board or line alarms which may lead to abnormal service operation if not handled in time, such as fiber broken and physical line fault. The minor alarm refers to generic state fault alarms and event alarms that describe whether the boards or lines operate normally, such as bit error in a certain physical line. The warning alarm refers to state changes and events which will not exert any influence upon the system performance and user services and in which the operator is interested. Some warning alarms are the prompt information on recovery of equipment to normal state.
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Description of the common alarm attributes

Alarm Class

According to the alarm class, alarms can be divided into event alarm, fault alarm and recovery alarm, where the fault alarm corresponds to the recovery alarm one by one.

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Description of the common alarm attributes

Alarm type

The alarms can be divided into five types: communication, service, process, equipment and environment

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Description of the common alarm attributes

Alarm parameter

The parameters can be used to pinpoint a fault. For card alarms, the main parameters include frame ID, slot ID, and port ID

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Course Contents

Chapter 1 Alarm Subsystem Overview Chapter 2 Alarm Operations

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Alarm management contents

Alarm management contents:


Querying an Alarm Record Querying the Alarm Configuration Setting the Alarm Level Setting Alarm Output to CLI Terminal Setting the Alarm Statistics Setting the Alarm Threshold Querying the Alarm Statistics Clearing the Alarm Statistics Querying the Basic Alarm Information

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Querying Alarm Record

The alarm information is saved in the host, so the maintenance personnel can query it anytime.

An alarm record contains the following information: alarm time, alarm serial number, alarm level, alarm class, alarm type, alarm description, alarm parameters, etc.

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Querying Alarm Record

Use display alarm history alarmsn sn [ list | detail ] display alarm history alarmid id [start-number number] [ list | detail ] display alarm history alarmlevel level [start-number number] [ list | detail ] display alarm history alarmtype type [start-number number] [ list | detail ]

To Query an alarm record by alarm serial number Query an alarm record by alarm ID Query an alarm record by alarm level Query an alarm record by alarm type

display alarm history alarmclass class [start-number number] Query an alarm record by alarm [ list | detail ] class display alarm history alarmtime start start_date start_time end end_date end_time [start-number number] [ list | detail ] display alarm history all [ list | detail ] Query an alarm record by alarm generation time Query all history alarms

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Querying Alarm Record

1) Use the display alarm history alarmid id [startnumber number] command to query the alarm record according to the alarm ID.
If you want to query whether a certain alarm has been generated, this mode can be selected. Use the display alarm list command to view the alarm name corresponding to each alarm ID.

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Querying Alarm Record

2) Use the display alarm history alarmlevel level [start-number number] command to query the alarm record according to the alarm level.
If you are only concerned about alarms of a certain level, then this mode can be used.

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Querying Alarm Record

3) Use the display alarm history alarmtype type [start-number number] command to query the alarm record according to the alarm type.
You can use this command to query alarm information according to the alarm type. type: This parameter means the alarm type, including communication, service quality, process error,

equipment and environmental.

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Querying Alarm Record

4) Use the display alarm history alarmclass class [start-number number] command to query the alarm record according to the alarm class.
You can use this command to query the alarm information according to the alarm class.

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Querying Alarm Record

5) Use number]

the display alarm history alarmtime command to query the alarm record

datebegin timebegin dateend timeend [start-number according to the alarm generation time.
You can use this command to query the alarms generated during a certain period of time.

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Querying Alarm Record

6) Use the display alarm history all command to query all alarms.
You can use this command to query all the latest alarms.

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Querying Alarm Configuration Information

An alarm has the following attributes: alarm ID, alarm name, alarm level, default alarm level, alarm class, alarm type, command line output flag, statistic flag, number of parameters, 15-minute threshold, 24-hour threshold, and detailed alarm description.

display alarm configuration

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Setting Alarm Level Alarm

Each kind of alarm has default alarm level and current alarm level.

You can use the alarm alarmlevel alarmid level command to set new alarm level or restore the default alarm level.

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Setting Alarm Level Alarm

Use the command alarm alarmlevel alarmid default to restore the alarm level to default setting.

Use the display alarm configuration command to query the alarm level to verify the command execution.

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Setting Alarm Output to CLI Terminal




Each alarm has an output flag. Whether the alarm will be output to the command line depends upon this flag, and the output setting command is operated based upon this flag.

You can set whether to output alarms to the command line according to four modes: alarm ID, alarm level, alarm class and set all.

The output flag of the recovery alarm is the same as that of the fault alarm.

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Setting Alarm Output to CLI Terminal

The basic form of alarm output to command line setting command is as follows:
(undo) alarm output undo alarm output command indicates that a certain alarm will not be output to the command line, and the alarm output command indicates that a certain alarm will be output to the command line.

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Setting Alarm Output to CLI Terminal


The specific operations are as follows:


1) Set it according to alarm ID.


(undo) alarm output alarmid id Since an alarm ID is used to identify one kind of alarm only, you can use the (undo) alarm output alarmid id command to definitely set whether to output a certain kind of alarm.

2) Set it according to alarm level.


undo alarm output alarmlevel level You can use the (undo) alarm output alarmlevel level command to filter the alarms of a certain level that you think are unimportant.

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Setting Alarm Output to CLI Terminal




3) Set it according to alarm type.


(undo) alarm output alarmtype type You can use the (undo) alarm output alarmtype type command to set alarm output according to the alarm type.

4) Set all.
(undo) alarm output all After conducting a series of alarm output settings, the user possibly cannot remember the alarm output state in the system and it is very troublesome to query one by one. Therefore, the (undo) alarm output all command can be used to set the output flag of all alarms.

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Setting Alarm Output to CLI Terminal

5) Query the configuration result


You can use the display alarm configuration command to query whether the alarms are output to the command line to verify the command execution.

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Setting Alarm Statistics




The alarm statistics refers to the accumulation and counting of a certain type of alarms generated during a period of time so that the user can understand the alarm frequency. The system can send the threshold alarm to the user according to the possible alarm threshold and prompt the user to handle in time.

the alarm statistics is based on 15-minute period and 24-hour period.

A certain type of alarm refers to all alarms of the same type (i.e., alarms with the same alarm ID).

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Setting Alarm Statistics

Each type of alarm has a statistic flag used to indicate whether the statistics of this type of alarms should be conducted. By default, statistics of all alarms will not be conducted. You can set the statistic flag for alarms about which you are concerned.

Along with statistic flag setting according to the alarm ID, statistic flags can also be set for alarms of a certain alarm level, alarms of certain class and all alarms for the convenience of batch operations.

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Setting Alarm Statistics

1) Set the alarm statistics


(undo) alarm statistics The alarm statistics indicates that statistics of a certain type of alarms will be conducted, and undo alarm statistics indicates no statistics of a certain type of alarms will be conducted.

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Setting Alarm Statistics

2) Query the command execution result


You can use the display alarm configuration alarmid command to query the alarm statistic flag and verify the command execution.

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Setting Alarm Statistics




2) Query the command execution result


If the statistic flag of a certain type of alarms is Yes and the user pays attention to its statistic information, the system will conduct statistics of this type of alarms respectively according to different parameters. Two thresholds can be set for each type of alarm: 15minute threshold and 24-hour threshold. If the threshold is zero, it indicates that the user does not care whether the statistical information of this alarm exceeds the threshold. When the threshold is not zero, if the time of statistics conducted during a certain period of time exceeds this threshold, the threshold alarm will be generated. The alarm threshold is zero by default.

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Setting Alarm Threshold

The specific operations are as follows:




1) Set the alarm threshold


Use the alarm threshold command to set the 15-minute alarm threshold and 24-hour alarm threshold. The 15-minute alarm threshold should not be greater than the 24-hour alarm threshold.

2) Query the command execution result


Use the display alarm configuration command to query the alarm threshold to verify the command execution result.

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Querying Alarm Statistics


For some alarms, the user possibly is concerned about the generation frequency of this type of alarms during a certain period of time and will understand the operation state of the equipment and analyze possible faults according to the statistics.


At present, the statistical information in four time periods will be provided: current 15 minutes, current 24 hours, past 15 minutes and past 24 hours. That is to say, the system will save statistical information within two days.

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Querying Alarm Statistics

The system provides the following command for the user to query the alarm statistical information.

display alarm statistics

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Clearing Alarm Statistics




If the equipment is left unused for a long period of time or the alarm statistics has been damaged, you can clear the previous alarm statistical information manually.

The relevant alarm statistics clearing command is as follows:


clear alarm statistics After the execution of this command, the system will clear the alarm statistics and all alarm statistical information will not exist any more.

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Querying Basic Alarm Information

Use the display alarm list command to query the basic information about all alarm types.

The queried information includes alarm ID, whether the alarm should be output, whether statistics should be conducted, alarm name, etc.

You can use the display alarm list all command to query the alarm name corresponding to each alarm ID of the system.

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summary

Summary

UA5000 alarm subsystem concepts UA5000 alarm operations

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Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading without Permission.