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By Dailyn Nivero

PROCESS:
y 1.fuel y 2.pulverizing y 3.combustion and steam(hot dry steam with temp. y y y y

About 1000F)generates thermal energy 4. steam turbine transforms to mechanical energy 5. generator creates 334000 amps. 6.transformer 7.electricity

FUEL SOURCE(COAL, U, Ra etc)

PULVERIZER/REACTO R

TURBINE/GENERATOR

COMBUSTION/STEAM

TRANSFORMER

CONDENSER

EQUIPMENTS:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Pulverizer Nuclear Reactor Boiler Steam Turbine Condenser Transformer

Pulverizer

Nuclear Reactor

Boiler

Steam Turbine

HAZARDS:
A. Accident Hazards B. Physical Hazards C. Chemical Hazards D. Biological Hazards

Ergonomics/Psychosocial and Organizational Factors

ACCIDENT HAZARDS
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Falls from ladders, stairs and elevated platforms Slips and falls on the level Struck by falling objects Mechanical accidents Burns Electrocution or electric shocks

ACCIDENT HAZARDS
7. Poisoning by carbon monoxide or by other 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13.

combustion products in the air Asphyxia penetrating burns and severe dermatitis permanent corneal lesions Punctures, cuts and amputations Fires and explosions Bursting of boilers

PHYSICAL HAZARDS
1.

Excessive continuous noise levels

2. Heat stress 3. radioactive exposure

CHEMICAL HAZARDS
1.

Irritation of eyes, respiratory tract and skin

2. Irritation of the upper respiratory tract and coughing 3. Pneumoconiosis 4. Dermatomes

BIOLOGICAL HAZARDS
1.

Development of fungi and growth of bacteria in the boiler room.

2. Presence of rodents and insects may result in bites

and infectious diseases.

ERGONOMICS/PSYCHOSOCIAL AND ORGANIZATIONAL FACTORS


1.

General tiredness

2. Cumulative trauma disorders 3. Back pains and other musculoskeletal problems

(including lesions of intervertebral discs)


4. Psychological stress

PREVENTIVE MEASURES
1.

Wear safety shoes with non-skid soles

2. Periodically check and adjust burners operation to

prevent carbon monoxide generation


3. Install effective exhaust ventilation to prevent air

contamination; add local exhaust ventilation if necessary


4. Wear long-sleeve shirts and protect hands with

chemical-resistant gloves; if impractical, use a barrier cream

PREVENTIVE MEASURES
5. Wear appropriate eye protection; consult a safety

supervisor or a supplier
6. Arrange periodic inspection of boilers, to detect

failure of components, metal cracking, etc.


7. Wear hearing protection appropriate for the noise

levels and type of noise - consult the supplier or an expert


8. Replace hydrazine with less-hazardous substitutes

PREVENTIVE MEASURES
9. Wear respiratory protection during maintenance or

other work in which dust may be released into the atmosphere


10. Learn and use safe lifting and moving techniques for

heavy or awkward loads; use mechanical aids to assist in lifting

The End

Thanks!~