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Infrastructure development in India

Road and transport Status, Potential, challenges

Road transport
 Roads are the dominant mode of transportation in India today.  They carry almost 90 percent of the country s passenger traffic and 65 percent of its freight.  The density of India s highway network -- at 0.66 km of highway per square kilometer of land is similar to that of the United States (0.65) and much greater than China's (0.16) or Brazil's (0.20).

 However, most highways in India are narrow and congested with poor surface quality, and 40 percent of India s villages do not have access to all-weather roads.  Road network of India is the largest road networks(3.314 million kilometers ) in the world.  India's road network consists of national highways, state highways, district roads and village roads.

Statistics .
Type of Road Expressways National Highways State Highways Major District Roads Rural and Other Roads Total Length Length 200 km (120 mi) 66,590 km (41,380 mi) 131,899 km (81,958 mi) 467,763 km (290,654 mi) 2,650,000 km (1,650,000 mi) 3,300,000 km (2,050,000 mi) (Approx)

National Highway classification Lanes Length (km) Percentage

Single Lane / Intermediate lane



Double lane



Four Lane/Six lane/Eight Lane






Current Scenario
Indian Road Network Indian road network of 33 lakh second largest in the world and consists of : Length(In Km) Expressways 200 National Highways 70,548 State Highways 1,31,899 Major District Roads 4,67,763 Rural and Other Roads 26,50,000 Total Length 33 Lakhs Kms(Approx)

Focus on Highways in recent years In order to take up the improvement and development of National Highways, National Highways Development Project (NHDP), has been initiated on a large scale. Spread over seven phases with an estimated project construction cost of Rs. 337,959 crore upto 2017, the project has been undertaken in the country under National Highway Authority of India (NHAI)

Roadways-Interesting Facts
As per the National Highway Authority of India (NHAI), India has the world's second largest road network i.e. 3.34 million kilometers About 65 per cent of freight and 85 per cent passenger traffic is carried by the roads.

The potential investment in the sector is expected to be to the tune of US$ 107 billion between 2009-10 and 2013-14.


Indian aviation Taking off

1932 JRD Tata establishes Tata Airlines 1915 1st private Indian flight: Madras to Karachi 1912 1st Indian flight :Delhi to Karachi

1948 Air India established as a JV between GOI and Tata

1950 1st bilateral agreement to fly aircrafts to and from India


1990 Open sky policy. 1980 No. of foreign airlines operating in India increases

1995 Airports authority of India established.

1996 Sahara, Jet, EastWest acquired status of scheduled operators with a fleet of 25 aircrafts each

2010: Investment of 9 Billion USD by Govt.

Recent trends An upward graph

No frills low cost/ economy airlines are the most popular contributing to 83% of air traffic in India Steady growth of 15% in air traffic over the last 4 years Indigo, Spicejet, Jet Airways, JetLite, Kingfisher, Paramount Low cost, private companies

50 million domestic fliers ,12 million international fliers in 2010!!!

Airports and Infrastructure

In the 90 s only 4 international airports in India Delhi, Bombay, Calcutta, Madras Future greenfield projects at Kannur, Mopa, Chakan And Halwara

2006 PPP opened up for airports

Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Cochin, Hyderabad, Mumbai, Kolkata, New Delhi international airport development contracts awarded

Airports and Infrastructure

Four non metro domestic airport development also handed over to private companies Lucknow, Jaipur, Udaipur, Amritsar According to 11th 5 yr plan, 30 more non metro airport projects in the pipeline

According to AAI, India will have atleast 100 world class airports by 2020!!!

Air transportation
 There are many airlines which are operating in India.  The Air India, India's flag carrier, presently operates a fleet of 159 aircraft and plays a major role in connecting India with the rest of the world.  The other airlines such as Kingfisher Airlines, Air India and Jet Airways are the most popular brands in domestic air travel in order of their market share.

 These airlines connect more than 80 cities across India and also operate overseas routes after the liberalization of Indian aviation.  The rapid growth in the economy of India has made air travel more affordable now a days.  There are more than 335 (2008 est.) civilian airports in India - 250 with paved runways and 96 with unpaved runways and more than 20 international airports in the Republic of India.

There are almost 220 airports in India these include all types of airports. Out of which 27 are international airports. Others include domestic airports, air force based airports and etc

The market share of different airlines in India


Bangalore and Hyderabad international airports constructed entirely by private companies at a combined cost of Rs 6750 crore

Mumbai airport is currently managed by GVK consortium and Delhi airport is managed by GMR group of companies at a cost of Rs 5000 crores

Opportunities for private companies

GOI has set aside Rs 12,000 crore for developing new airports in the next 5 yr plan

Huge expansion plans in Indian aviation sector

PPP model is being followed in more and more airports

Tender process is transparent. Companies from all over the world are looking to partner with the AAI