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NANOTECHNOLOGY IN CONSTRUCTION

Guided by, Prof.G. Krishnan sir

Presented by Rahna meem 1 Roll no:42

CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION NANOTECHNOLOGY NANOCONCRETE CONCRETE & NANOTECHNOLOG NANOCEMENT SOL-GEL PROCESS RESULTS CONCIUSIONS

INTRODUCTION
Deals with production and application of
Physical

Chemical
Biological systems at scales ranging from few nanometers to submicron dimensions.

NANOTECHNOLOGY
Deals with structures of size 100nm or smaller One nm is 10^-9 of a meter. For comparison typical carbon-carbon bond length are in range 0.12-0.15nm DNA has a diameter around 2nm. bacteria of genus Mycoplasma are around 200nm in length.
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NANOCONCRETE
Defined as the concrete made with Portland cement particles that are less than 500nm as the cementing agent. Currently cement particle size ranges from a few nm to a max of 100000nm. For micro cement avg particle size is reduced to 5000nm.

Fig.1: Nanoconcrete http://www.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/main-e.html

Concrete and Nanotechnology


concrete utilizes nanotechnology because it contains nano-particles as ingredients including nano-water particles and nano-air voids. to claim the use of nanotechnology, we should be able to control the amount and the locations of these nano- ingredients inside the final products. If we can create chemical or mechanical tools to control nano-scale pores then concrete becomes a product of nanotechnology.

Fig. 3: Scale of various Constituents of concrete. http://www.uwm.edu/~sobolev/ACI/2-Balguru-ACI-F.pdf .

NANOCEMENT
SOL-GEL PROCESS sol-gel method was used to synthesize each component of Portland cement using nanoparticles. sol is a combination of monomers of solventsoluble or water-soluble polymers along with a precipitator. Once formed, the sol can be transformed into a gel under similar controlled conditions for temperature, pressure, etc.

EXPERIMENT
1. In this experiment, the hydration rate for each type of tricalcium silicate component are measured. When the tri- or di- calcium silicates react with water a calcium-silicate-hydrate gel is formed.

2.

3.

This calcium-silicate hydrate (C-S-H) is the principal hydration product and primary binding phase in Portland cement.

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4. component was synthesized by dissolving the

solid particles in water and mixing the solution by hand with a metal spatula to form a homogenous sol. 5. heated on a heat plate at 100C for approximately 30 to 40 minutes . 6. the samples were placed in crucibles and annealed at 1000C for 30 min 7. Finally, the samples were ground to a fine powder using a mortar grinder then placed in glass tubes and sealed with Para Film for protection from moisture

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Fig.6:Prepared Nano cement Samples.


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15 mL of de-ionized water was placed in a vacuum flask. 1g of cement was added to the water and the flask was covered with a piece of Styrofoam board. The water and cement were mixed by shaking the flask and the temperature as a function of time was recorded using data acquisition software. The sampling rate was set at 10 points/second.

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Fig.7: Hydration Test Experiment Setup


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Compression Test
12. Cylindrical specimens were prepared using PVC pipe, 1.25 cm in diameter and 2.5 cm in length. 13. The samples were mixed with water, cast in the PVC pipe molds, and covered with thin glass plates. 14. cured for one day at room temperature and then for 6 days in a moist curing room. 15. Following the 7-day curing period, the samples were removed and allowed to dry. 16. Some specimens fractured during the curing process and therefore, could not be tested. 17. Load and strain data were recorded using data acquisition software. 18. The loading rate was set at 0.3 inches/minute
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Fig.8:Specimen Prepared for Curing.

Fig.9:Fractured Specimen.

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Fig.10: Specimen Prepared for Testing.

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RESULTS.

Hydration tests indicated that the nanocement had a more rapid hydration rate than portland cement.

Compressive strength of the cement synthesized using nano-particles was found to be less than that of ordinary portland cement.

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conclusion
It is clear that nanotechnology has changed and will continue to change our vision, expectations and abilities to control the material world. These developments will definitely affect construction materials. Large amounts of funds and efforts are being utilized to develop nanotechnology.

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REFERENCES
Feynman.R Theres Plenty Of Room (reprint from speech given at Annual meeting of the West Coast section of the American physical society), Engineering and science , 23, 2008 pp. 22-36. Drexler, K.E. Peterson.C and Pergamit. G , Unbounding the Future, William Morrow , New York 2007. Nanotechnology and concrete: oppertunities http//en.wikpedia.org/wiki/Nanotechnology, Categories; Nanotechnology.. The Indian concrete journal 2008. International Journal Of Recent Trends in Engineering Vol 1, no;4.. May 2009.

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THANK YOU

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