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ICT/e-Gov Korea Lessons Summary

2011.9.14 Young-Sik Kim yskim4u@gmail.com


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Mission
Young-sik Kim
1955 Born in Seoul, Korea 1979 BS, Telecom Engineering, KAU 1979-1982 Navy Officer 1982-2005 IBM Korea (1997-2000) IBM AP in Tokyo 2005-2007 KOICA (NITC, Nepal Gov) 2008-2009 WB (MCIT, Afghanistan Gov) 2009-2010 NIPA (Korean Gov) 2010-2011 KOICA ( ICTPA, Mongolian Gov)

Responsibility E-Government Development ICT Promotion

Agenda
Korea Economy & ICT History Major ICT Policies Success Areas
Infrastructure, R&D, e-Government, Industry Development

Lessons Learned (CSF)


Leadership, Policy, Legal Framework, Institution, Funding, Human Capacity
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Korea Economy History with ICT Policy

(Informatization + Industrialization)
1978-1987 National Administration DB 1987-1996 National Backbone Network 1996-2000 National Informatization (Integration) 1999-2002 Cyber Korea 21 2002-2006 e-Korea 2003-2007 Broadband IT Korea 2006-2007 u-Korea 2008-2011 New National Informatization (IT Convergence, Green IT, Smart Work)
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ICT Korea Policy

Cyber Korea 21 Vision and Objective Construction of a Creative Knowledge-based Nation


Increasing the share of GDP of the knowledge-based industries to that of the OECD countries by 2002. Becoming one of the top ten advanced knowledge-based information societies in the world by the year 2002

Establishing the Informaton Infrastructure

Improving National Productivity

Creating New Business & Facilitating IT Industry

MIC

Creating New Business & Facilitating IT Industry


Fostering S/W Industry

Fostering the IT Parts & Components Industry

Fostering IT Human Resources

Fostering the SW Industry


Establishment of a Business Friendly Environment Concentration of S/W Companies

Intensive Investment in the R&D of S/W Technology


Fostering the IP, Video Game and Animation

Industries (New Markets)


Imbedded SW, Open SW Focus Telematics,

Smartphone (Converged products)


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e-Korea Industry Strategy


IT Industry Value Chain/ Governmental & Corporate Roles
( IT839 Service,Infra, Engine)
License Carriers Determine Service Methods Spectrum Allocation Legal F/W Overhaul Pilot Project Maintain Competition Invest in Technical Dev Commercialization Policy Strategy Standardization Support Prevent Piracy Build Demonstration Room Support Overseas Entry

Lead Standardization Technical Support Fundamental Tech. Initial Market Creation Financial Support Public Pilot Project

Government

Company
Package SW

Reinvestment Job Creation


Industry-wide Synergy Effect

Build Production Base Solution Project


Preparation for Service Launching Strengthen Cost Competitiveness Application SW Expand Embedded SW Local & Foreign Market

Strengthen Exports
Marketing

R&D Process Innovation

H/R Nurturing

Favorable Business Environment

Attract R&D Center

Nurture SMEs

u-Korea, 5 Strategic Goals & 23 Actions

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u-Korea, 5 Strategic Goals & 23 Actions

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u-Korea, 5 Strategic Goals & 23 Actions

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Major Successes 1. - Infra


Household penetration of High-speed internet : #1 of the world
0.1% (1998) -> 69% (2002) -> 97% (2009) * Proportion of households with Internet

Mobile penetration [subscribers per 100 inhabitants] : top-ranked


3.6% (1995) -> 30% (1998) -> 68% (2002) > 98% (2009) Rapid smartphone penetration (15M est. 11)
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Major Successes 2. R&D


Investment to R&D by Gov driven cooperation, National Research Lab (KAIST, ETRI, Company Labs) IT839 IT product R&D investment by companies
Semiconductors, LCD, Smartphone, Battery

R&D Commercialization through major IT companies like Samsung, LG BK21 (Brain Korea) investment to all Academy sectors by Government
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IT 839 Strategy
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WiBro Service Service DMB Service Home N/W Service Telematics Service RFID-based Service W-CDMA Service Terrestrial DTV Internet Telephony

Product

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Mobile Telecomm Handset & Equipment Digital TV & Broadcasting devices Home Network Devices IT System-on Chip Next Generation PC Embedded SW

Infrastructure

Broadband Convergence Network Ubiquitous Sensor Network Next Generation Internet Protocol [IPv6]

Digital Contents & SW Solutions Telematics Devices


Intelligent Service Robot

3 Infrastructure

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Major Successes 3. eGov


Country Republic of Korea Australia Singapore Japan Malaysia Mongolia China Viet Nam Indonesia India Nepal E-Government E-Government Human Web Service Infrastructure E-Participation Rank Index (Avg) Capital Index Index Index Index 1 8 11 17 32 53 72 90 109 119 153 0.8785 0.7863 0.7476 0.7152 0.6101 0.5243 0.47 0.4454 0.4026 0.3567 0.2568 0.9929 0.9933 0.9203 0.9496 0.8542 0.9127 0.8535 0.8097 0.854 0.6432 0.582 1 0.7651 0.6857 0.673 0.6317 0.5556 0.3683 0.3048 0.2444 0.3683 0.1683 0.639 0.601 0.6386 0.5241 0.3437 0.1036 0.1912 0.226 0.1142 0.0583 0.0226 1 0.9143 0.6857 0.7571 0.6571 0.4286 0.3714 0.0857 0.1286 0.2 0.0571

Source: United Nations 2010 E-Government Development Knowledge Base, http://www.unpan.org/egovkb

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Major Successes 4. Industry


National ICT Clusters and Technoparks in Nurikum, Guro, Daeduk and most of local governments Venture vitalization for SME
Employments, Capital utilization, Services industry expansion

Business area expansion to Cyber market and new services by ICT Laws Contribution to National Economy (30% to GDP)
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Lessons Learned (CSF)


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. National Leadership & Commitment Policy & Legal Framework (R&D & Industry Cluster) Institutional Arrangement IT Promotion Fund Human Capacity Building e-Services
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1. Leadership & Commitment


For the second nation-building, we will focus on establishing a knowledge-based economy where information and leading
technology play a central role.
Address by President Kim Dae-jung commemorating the 50th Anniversary of the Republic of Korea August 15, 1998

I will promote the continued expansion of the infrastructure for a knowledge and information society and cultivate new industries..
Inaugural Address by President Roh Moo-Hyun February 25, 2003

Our main task is to overcome the point at issue, our economic crisis. However, we also have to prepare for our future. Therefore, our full-scale promotion of informatization is valuable as a new growth engine for the future of Korea.
Address by President Lee Myung-Bak Visionary Announcement for IT December 3, 2008

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2. Policy & Legal Framework


Aggressive policies like Cyber 21, e-Korea, Broadband Korea, u-Korea
A total of 187 ICT related laws had been enacted or updated based on the results of the analysis of 7 rounds during 95-03 in Korea. 86 laws, including the Basic Act on Informatization Promotion, were enacted or revised for informatization promotion in the public sector 101 laws, including Electronic Signature Act and Online Digital Contents Industry Promotion Act, were enacted or revised for the development of the IT industry and informatization of the private sector (ICT, SW, Contents, Games, etc ) http://elaw.klri.re.kr/eng/main.do ( Korean Government Law English Site)
Electronic Signature Act (1999) Informatization Promotion Act (1995) E-government Act (2001) EA Act (2005)

Digital Divide Act (2000)

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3. Institutional Arrangements
Policy by Ministry and Execution by Agencies

MoIC from 1994-2007 during heavy ICT sector development


Convergence activities to Other Ministry since 2008 - National Informatization to MoPAS (e-Gov) by NIA - ICT Industry Promotion to MKE by NIPA (Previously KIPA, IITA, KIEC) - Broadcasting/Telecom Convergence, Mobile Services and Regulation to KCC by KISA, KORPA, KISDI - Contents (DB, Gaming SW ) to MoCT by KOCCA

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4. Funding
ICT Promotion Fund based on ICT Promotion Law (9B$ used) since 1993 by Informatization Promotion Law Informatization Promotion Fund Used for Major Infra projects - Key projects: KII Project and 11 e-Government projects - R&D ; IT839 Products and Services, Standard - ICT workforce Education and Training Public-Private Partnership - Co-investment: KII Backbone and Subscribers network - BTL (Build, Transfer, and Lease): Army Broadband Network, NEMA Digital TRS Network - Share-in-Revenue: Electronic Payment Systems for on-line civil services (Supreme Court, G4C, etc.)
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5. Human Capacity Building


Mass digital literacy campaigns sponsored by Korean government - Target groups: the elderly, the disabled, farmers, government officials, the military, housewives, low-income groups and prison inmates, ect. (25 Millions, 50%) 1st(2000 - 2002.6): 13,805,192
2nd(2002.7 2004. 12): 11,811,145

Partnership with private computer academies, colleges, welfare organizations, etc.(Grant, matching fund, etc.) IT Professional trainings for overseas markets (subsidies to professionals and training institutes ) Boosting up ICT demand by training programs
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6. e-Services ( Best Practices)


Achieving the World Class e-Government
International Awards
KISS
: UN Public Service Award (07)

Model Case Selection


HTS
: OECD e-Tax Best Practice (06)

International Certifications
KIPOnet
: WIPO IT Standard (06)

Invil : World e-Gov Forum


Award (06)

OPPP : Online Politics


Trophy Top10 (06)

UNIPASS : ISO 9001, 20000


(06)

KONEPS : WCIT Global


Excellence Award (06)

uTradeHub : World Advanced


in APEC Report (06)

KONEPS : UN/CEFACT Intl


Standard (05)

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Questions & Discussions

Thank you
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