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Basic Network Services

ARPIT JAIN ARCHANA TIWARI

PRESENTATION OVERVIEW
* * * * * * * INTRODUCTION. Purpose of networking. Types of Networks. How Networking work. Network topologies. Components Of Networks. Advantages & Disadvantages.

INTRODUCTION

Acomputer network simply referred to as anetwork, is a collection ofcomputersand devices connected by communications channels that facilitates communications among users and allows users to share resources with other users.

In a network environment, any authorized user can access data and information stored on other computers on the network. The capability of providing access to data and information on shared storage devices is an important feature of many networks.

PURPOSE OF NETWORKING
1- Facilitating communications 2- Sharing files, data, and information 3- Sharing software.

TYPES OF NETWORK WIRED NETWORK WIRELESS NETWORK

WIRED NETWORK

Wired networks provide users with plenty of security and the ability to move lots of data very quickly. Wired networks are typically faster than wireless networks, and they can be very affordable.

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WIRELESS NETWORK

Wireless Network are easier to use and work with. Wi- Fi is best Example of wireless network.

CATEGORIES OF NETWORK

LAN MAN WAN

LAN

LOCAL AREA NETWORK A network of computers that are in the same physical location, such as home or building

MAN

METRPOLITAN AREA NETWORK It is designed to extend over an entire city.

WAN

WIDE AREA NETWORK IT is designed to extend over large geographical area that may comprise a country,a continent or even the whole world.

There are 14 key differences between IPv4 and IPv6, some of the key differences are:
IPv4 Addresses are 4 bytes in length Security Optional Header includes options IPv6 Addresses are 16 bytes in length Security Required Extension headers (extensibility)

IPv6

Address Resolution Protocol Neighbor Solicitation (ARP) Messages Configured manual or via DHCP Must support a 576-byte packet size (possibly fragmented). Does not require manual or DHCP configuration Must support a 1280-byte packet size (without fragmentation).

NETWORKING DEVICES

HUB SWITCH BRIDGE ROUTER GATEWAY

HUB

It is a device for connecting multiple Ethernet devices and make them act as single network segment.

HUB

...

SWITCH

Generally referred to as Bridges that processes and routes data at data link layer of OSI model

SWITCH

...

BRIDGE

Bridges can divide large network into smaller segments.

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ROUTERS

These devices are used to route and forward information/packet s. Routers connect two or more logical subnets

...

GATEWAY

It can accept a packet formatted for one protocol and convert it to a packet formatted for another protocol

...

ADVANTAGES /DISADVANTAGES
1. 2.

3.

4.

ADVANTAGES File Sharing. Printer/Peripheral sharing. Internet connection sharing. Facility of multi player games.

1. 2. 3.

4.

DISADVATAGES Security Issues. Expensive set up. Dependency on the main file server. Rapid spread of computer viruses.

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