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A PRESENTATION ON

MANAGEMENT AND EMPLOYEE RELATION IN IFFCO AT KALOL UNIT


PREPARED BY:NISHRAG R. PATEL M.B.A R.B.I.M.S ENROLLMENT NO: (107460592018)

FERTILIZER INDUSTRY OVERVIEW:


Introduction to the Fertilizer Industry of India: Department of Fertilizers comes under the ambit of Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers. Department of Fertilizers came into existence as a separate Department in September, 1985 consequent upon the bifurcation of the then Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizers. Fertilizer Industry in the service of farmer: Fertilizer in the agricultural process is an important area of concern. Fertilizer industry in India has succeeded in meeting the demand of all chemical fertilizers in the recent years. The Fertilizer Industry in India started its first manufacturing unit of Single Super Phosphate (SSP) in Ranipet near Chennai with a capacity of 6000 MT a year. Growth of Fertilizer Industry: The number of Co-operative Societies associated with IFFCO have risen from 57 in 1967 to 39,824 at present.

FERTILIZER COMPANIES IN INDIA:


There are 9 Public Sector undertakings 2 Multi-state cooperative societies under the administrative control of the Department of Fertilizers & also 20 private sector companies in India. Sector Public Sector Cooperative Sector Nitrogen 29.00% 26.27% Phosphatic 07.65% 30.27%

Private Sector
Total

44.73%
100%

62.08%
100%

COMPANY OVERVIEW
IFFCO :- FOR THE FARMERS, OF THE FARMERS, BY THE FARMERS. Indian Farmers Fertilizer Co-operative Limited (IFFCO) was registered on November 3, 1967 as a Multi-unit Co-operative Society. On the enactment of the Multistate Cooperative Societies act 1984 & 2002, the Society is deemed to be registered as a Multistate Co-operative Society. The Society is primarily engaged in production and distribution of fertilizers. IFFCO, to day, is a leading player in India's fertilizer industry and is making substantial contribution to the efforts of Indian Government to increase food grain production in the country. IFFCO PROFILE: Registered Office/ Headquarter IFFCO Sadan, C-1, District centre, Saket Place, New Delhi-11007 U.S. Awasthi Fertilizer http://www.iffco.nic.in

Managing Director Industry Website

SWOT ANALYSIS OF IFFCO:


STRENGTH
Growth: IFFCO is one the most leading companies of India. This industry is expected to grow at significant rate and internal strength is quite strong and good management as well. Technology: technology innovation has increased the companys productivity and distributional channels because of the company adoption of modern technology.

WEAKNESS
Gas supply: company has to depend on other companies for the use of production. Insufficient production: as per demand of the fertilizer in the country, company is not able to provide in full fledged way.

OPPORTUNITY
Continuous improvements quality and international exposure has helped open up new doors to crossover audience (farmers) and offers immense potential for development. Company has opportunity to expand its Harrison by structuring new plant at kalol unit because of to meet demand of the market.

THREATS
Many competitors are coming to crash the strengths of the company in the market for example GSFC. Sometime lack of quality may generate disloyal market.

PLANT LOCATION: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Kalol Kandla Phulpur Aonla Paradeep

KALOL PLANT OVERVIEW: IFFCO by commissioning its Ammonia-Urea complex located at Kalol, North Gujarat (India) in November, 1974 started a new era in the Indian fertilizer industry. The plant was dedicated to the nation on November 8, 1974. The Rs.75crores IFFCO Kalol unit, located 26kms from Ahmedabad on the Ahmedabad-Mehsana highway, started commercial production in April, 1975. In an area covering 96 hectares, the unit consists of plants to produce Ammonia, Urea, Malathion and Dry ice along with necessary offsite facilities. They have been recognized among the best run plants in India. YEAR OF COMMISSIONING 1975

INVESTMENT YEAR OF EXPANSION


INVESTMENT

Rs.71.23 Crore 1997


Rs.149.70 Crore

STUDY OF FUNCTIONAL DEPARTMENT OF ORGANIZATION: Finance Department Public & Administratation Department Production Department Transportation Department Research & Development Department Marketing & Sales Department

INTRODUCTION TO THE TOPIC


WHAT IS INDUSTRIAL RELATION? IR is a relationship between management and employees or among employees and their organizations, that grows out of employment. IR may be defined as the complex of inter- relations among workers, managers and government. OBJECTIVE OF INDUSTRIAL RELATION: To promote and develop labor management relation. To regulate the production by minimizing industrial conflicts To provide opportunity to workers to involve in decision making process with management. To encourage and develop trade unions in order to improve the workers' strength.

INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS MACHINARY IN INDIA:


Preventive Machinery Settlement Machinery

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY: Research Objectives: Find information on all aspects of Relation between Management & Employees/Workers of IFFCO from both within and outside the company Find Employee/Worker satisfaction towards the work in IFFCO at Kalol unit. Find Employee/Workers Superior and Subordinate Relation in IFFCO at Kalol unit Major influences of Personal and Industrial Relationship in IFFCO at Kalol unit. Find out any problem in Personal and Industrial Relationship in IFFCO at Kalol unit. Department under study: Finance Department Public & Administratation Department Production Department Transportation Department Research & Development Department Marketing & Sales Department

Research Assumptions:
The unit selected is assumed to represent whole universe of IFFCO Data collected are assumed to be bias free from side of respondents, interviewer or any other mediaries. Whole research and analysis part based on data collected is carried out under unbiased environment and without any influence of any factor which can lead to deviation in result.

Research Limitations:
Respondent might not understand the question and respond wrongly. While carrying out the survey, some of the Respondents were reluctant to give the information because they were not ready to spend much time for giving the data. Time Constraint. Sample might not represent whole population

Biasness on part of respondent

Research Sample size:


The survey was conducted in IFFCO at Kalol unit in different departments through a questionnaire to know the Personal and Industrial Relation of company I have surveyed 68 Employees working in different departments of IFFCO Kalol unit 10% of total population (Approx. 675 Employees in the company)

Research Design: Primary Data Collection Method Survey method of Quantitative (Descriptive) method was used for primary data collection. I used questionnaire as an instrument for survey method. Type of questionnaire: Structured questionnaire with open ended and close ended questions. Secondary Data Collection method Reference books. Internet. Company Magazines

Duration of the Research Project: The duration of the project was 6 weeks. Research Type:

Descriptive research is used


Research Data Collection Instrument: Structured Questionnaire has been used. Research Target population: The population for this research study are employees/workers of IFFCO Kalol unit. Research sampling unit: In this study the sampling unit is Employee of IFFCO Kalol unit.

QUESTION: - 1 Designation of the Respondent.


Designation MANAGER No. of Respondent 24 Percentage 35%

OFFICER
STAFF WORKER

17
15 12

25%
22% 18%

TOTAL
30 25 20 15 10 5 0 MANAGER 24

68

100%

17

15 12

MANAGER OFFICER STAFF WORKERS

OFFICER

STAFF

WORKERS

QUESTION: - 2 Gender of the Respondent. Gender MALE FEMALE TOTAL No. of Respondent 60 8 68 Percentage 88 12 100%

GENDER
12%

MALE FEMALE

88%

QUESTION: - 3 Age of the Respondent. Age Under-20 21-30 No. of Respondent 00 10 Percentage 00% 15%

31-40
41-50 51-60 TOTAL

06
25 27 68 AGE
30

09%
37% 39% 100%

25
20 15 10 5 0 Less than 20 21-30 31-40 0 10 6

25

27 Less than 20 21-30 31-40 41-50 ABOVE 51

41-50

ABOVE 51

QUESTION: - 4 Degree of the Respondent.


Degree/Qualification SSC DIPLOMA/I.T.I HSC GRADUATE MASTER Ph D. OTHER TOTAL No. of Respondent 01 08 01 40 16 00 02 68 Percentage 1% 12% 1% 59% 24% 00% 3% 100%

DEGREE
40 30 20 10 0 1 8 1 2 16 40

SSC
DIPLOMA/ITI HSC GRADUATE MASTER Ph D. Other

QUESTION: - 5 Since how many years you are working with IFFCO?
Work Experience 0-10 11-20 21-30 No. of Respondent 15 12 28 Percentage 22% 18% 41%

31-40
41-50

13
00

19%
00%

TOTAL

68

100%

WORK EXPERIENCE
30 25 20 28

15
10 5 0

15 12

13

WORK EXPERIENCE

0 0 to 10 11 to 20 21 to 30 31 to 40 41 to 50

QUESTION: - 6 IF any difficulties arises in your work If there is any difficulties Takes superiors help Solve by their own self Do both or other things TOTAL No. of Respondent 40 18 10 68 Percentage 59% 27% 14% 100%

DIFFICULTIES IN WORK
15%

26%

59%

Take superior help Solve by own self Both or Other

QUESTION: - 7 Does your superior help in your difficulties/problems? No. of Respondent Always If proper work 38 25 Percentage 56% 37%

Rarely
Never TOTAL

05
00 68 Superior's help
0% 7%

7%
00% 100%

37% 56%

Always If proper reason Rarely never

QUESTION: - 8 How much importance you give to your relations with other people?
Importance of Relation Strongly Agree Agree Neutral Disagree No. of Respondent 30 30 08 00 Percentage 44% 44% 12% 00%

Strongly Disagree
TOTAL
30 30 25 20 15 30

00
68

00%
100%

very important important normal 8 less important least important 0 IMPORTANCE OF RELATION 0

10 5 0

QUESTION: - 9 Working with current superior/ subordinate in IFFCO is favorable. Working is Favorable Strongly Agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly Disagree TOTAL
39

No. of Respondent Percentage 24 39 05 00 00 68 35% 57% 08% 00% 00% 100%

40
35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Working is Favourable 5 0 0 24 Strongly Agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly Disagree

Question: - 10 My work responsibility is proper.


Proper Work Responsibility Strongly Agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly Disagree TOTAL No. of Respondent 27 31 09 00 01 68 Percentage 40% 46% 13% 00% 01% 100%

35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0

31 27 Strongly Agree Agree Neutral 9 1 Disagree Strongly Disagree 0 Proper work responsibility

Question: - 11 My superior motivates me.


Superior Motivates me Strongly Agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly Disagree TOTAL No. of Respondent 25 37 05 00 01 68 Percentage 37% 55% 7% 00% 1% 100%

40

37

35
30 25 20 15 10 5 0 5 0 1 25

Strongly Agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly Disagree

Superior motives

Question: - 12 I can easily communicate with superiors & subordinates. Easy Communication Strongly Agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly Disagree TOTAL No. of Respondent 28 37 05 00 01 68 Percentage 41% 45% 13% 00% 01% 100%

35 30 25 20 15

28

31 Strongly Agree Agree Neutral 9 0 Easy communication 0 Disagree Strongly Disagree

10
5 0

Question: -13 I can trust my superior or management for my given duties. Trust in duties Given by Superior Strongly Agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly Disagree TOTAL
27 23 18 Strongly Agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly Disagree 0 Trust for work given by management 0

No. of Respondent 23 27 18 00 00 68

Percentage 34% 40% 26% 00% 00% 100%

30 25 20 15 10 5 0

Question: - 14 There is someone at work who encourages my development. Someone at work to Encourage Strongly Agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly Disagree TOTAL
40 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Encourage to work 0 17 Strongly Agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly Disagree 1

No. of Respondent 17 40 10 00 01 68

Percentage 25% 59% 15% 00% 01% 100%

10

Question: - 15 My superior provides me good feedback & guidance for my work.


Superior provides good Feedback & Guidance Strongly Agree Agree No. of Respondent 25 38 Percentage 37% 56%

Neutral
Disagree Strongly Disagree TOTAL
38 40 35 30 25 20 25

05
00 00 68

07%
00% 00% 100%

Strongly Agree Agree Neutral Disagree 5 0 Good Guidance 0 Strongly Disagree

15
10 5 0

Question: - 16 Other departments co-operate with each other. Co-operation with other Dept. No. of Respondent Strongly Agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly Disagree TOTAL
34 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 cooperation with other departments 22

Percentage 33% 50% 16% 01% 00% 100%

22 34 11 01 00 68

Strongly Agree Agree Neutral 11 Disagree Strongly Disagree 1 0

Question: - 17 Sense of belongingness increases the co-operation between employees. Belongingness increase co-operation Strongly Agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly Disagree TOTAL
40 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Sense of belongingness 5 0 0 23 Strongly Agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly Disagree

No. of Respondent 23 40 05 00 00 68

Percentage 34% 59% 7% 00% 00% 100%

Question: - 18 I am given fair wages for my work. Fair Wages to work No. of Respondent Strongly Agree Agree 40 25

Percentage 59% 37%

Neutral
Disagree Strongly Disagree TOTAL
40 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 25

03
00 00 68

4%
00% 00% 100%

Strongly Agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly Disagree 3 0 0

Fair work for work

Question: - 19 Top management works for welfare of employees & concern parties. Management works for Welfare of Employees No. of Respondent Percentage

Strongly Agree
Agree Neutral Disagree

28
99 07 00

41%
49% 10% 00%

Strongly Disagree
TOTAL
33 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Mgt works for welfare 7 0 28

00
68

00%
100%

Strongly Agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly Disagree 0

FINDINGS: There is very good Relation between Management & Employees/Workers of IFFCO from both with inside and outside (Contractual worker) of the company The Employees/Workers are satisfied & positive towards their work in IFFCO Kalol unit. There is very healthy Relationship between Employee/Worker with their Superior and Subordinate in IFFCO Kalol unit The Employees/Workers are influences by their Superior and Subordinate for their work because there is very strong Relationship in IFFCO Kalol unit. There is no or very less problems are there between Management & Employees/Workers in personal or Industrial Relationship at IFFCO Kalol unit.

CONCLUSION:
As per the data interpretation, it is very clear that the Relation between Management & Employees/Workers of IFFCO from both with inside and outside (Contractual worker) of the company, the objective or goal behind the training programme is definitely achieved.

SUGGESTION: There is no any suggestion for the company because the Relation between Management & Employees/Workers of IFFCO is very Strong and Healthy as Personal or Industrial Relation with inside peoples or outside parties (Contractual worker) of the company. IFFCO just maintain its leading position in the Fertilizer Industry by using Porters 5 Forces model.

LEARNING: I got very good experience during this training. I have come to know about how theoretical knowledge in actually use in practical work in IFFCO kalol unit. I got very much practical exposure in my knowledge during this SIP training in IFFCO kalol unit.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: Website used: WWW.IFFCO.NIC.IN

Companys Literature and Information provided by the Company


Companys Brochure & Magazine Book used:

Author Name
P.R.N. Sinha Indu Bala Sinha Seema Priyadarshini Shekhar

Book Name
Industrial Relation, Trade Unions, & Labour Legislation

Publication
PEARSON Education