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From Slavery to Presidency

The struggle of the Afro-

Americans

I became interested in this topic after I had noticed numerous problems of the democratic system, a system that should guarantee the unalienable rights of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.

In this paper I decided to offer an insight view upon the struggle of the African Americans over the slavery

system that America had to deal with more than 200

years .

Yes we can

Yes, we can change. Yes, we can heal this nation. Yes, we can seize our future.

Yes we can Yes, we can change. Yes, we can heal this nation. Yes, we can

a collage-style music video inspired by US President Barack Obama's popularization of the slogan "Yes we can.

"Yes

We

Can"

is

Since the original posting on YouTube, the video has been re- posted a number of times by other

users and as of February 23, 2008,

the video had been watched a combined total of more than 22- million times among all of the postings.

Slavery is a practice in which people own other people. A slave is the property of his or her owner and works without pay.

The African slaves were brought to America

between 1619 and 1808, in the North America, in the

founding colonies. This common practice soon generated the system of slavery.

Slavery is a practice in which people own other people. A slave is the property of

The differences between North and South were

obvious in the nineteenth century . One overriding

issue exacerbated the regional and economic differences between the North and the South: slavery.

The South became solidly united behind the

institution of slavery as new economic factors made

slavery far more profitable than it had been before

1790.

Slaves picking cotton

Slaves picking cotton

Black family

Black family

The issue of slavery eroded relations between the

North and the South from the first days of American

independence until the election of Abraham Lincoln, who opposed slavery calling it „monstrous injustice”.

At

the

end

of

the

American

Civil War was

adopted Emancipation

Proclamation. This

Proclamation declared that from January 1, 1863, all

slaves in the rebellious states “thenceforward and forever free”.

The Emancipation Declaration was a historic political step but shamefully, the meaning of the law would be ignored for nearly another century. In the last half of the nineteenth century America was not ready to accept blacks as equals, especially in the Southern sates, so whites formed a common front against blacks to remove their political rights. As a fact, a series of laws called Black Codes or “Jim Crow”, practically limited the rights of blacks.

President Abraham Lincoln

President Abraham Lincoln

After decades of silently enduring second-class

citizenship and dissatisfied with the absence of racial equality, Blacks began to agitate for a new restoration of civil rights. In the beginning of the twentieth

century appeared an organization called National

Association for the Advancement of Colored People

(NAACP) which declared itself for equal educational opportunities and complete enfranchisement of black Americans.

Many black intellectuals fought for establishing

equality for blacks in voting, civil rights, housing and education (Brown v. the Board of Education case) and they campaigned against public and private discrimination. (The Montgomery Bus

Boycott, The Sit-in movement, Birmingham- Alabama, The March on Washington).

Rosa Parks-The Montgomery Bus Boycott Harriet Tubman- The Underground Railroad

Rosa Parks-The Montgomery Bus Boycott

Harriet Tubman- The Underground Railroad

Rosa Parks-The Montgomery Bus Boycott Harriet Tubman- The Underground Railroad

Martin Luther King Junior started to assume a

larger role in the struggle for black civil rights by

being part of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). The SCLC launched “Crusade

for Citizenship,” a voter registration effort. In 1964, in recognition of his work and leadership, King was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo, Norway. Tragically, on April 4, 1968, he was assassinated by a

sniper as he stood on a balcony in Memphis,

Tennessee. As a result of his efforts, America has moved boldly toward the vision of society where all people are equal in the in the eyes of the law, no

matter the colour of their skin.

Martin Luther King Junior
Martin Luther King Junior

Martin Luther King Junior

The triumphs of the Civil Rights Movement were a step forward for the American’s democracy and society. After 43 years since The Civil Rights

Movement, Barack Obama, the son of a black man from Kenya and white woman from Kansas, was

elected

the

America.

44th

President

of

United

States

of

Barack Obama- 5 of November 2008
Barack Obama- 5 of November 2008

Barack Obama- 5 th of November 2008

Famous black people

Oprah Winfrey-TV presenter
Oprah Winfrey-TV
presenter

Tiger Woods- golf player

Whitney Houston- singer

Condoleezza Rice- US Secretary of State
Condoleezza Rice-
US Secretary of State

Morgan Freeman- actor

Luis Armstrong- singer

Professor (coordinator): Crăciun Ana-Cristina Student: Lascu Teodora-Corina

Class a XII-a