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American FamiIy

Amerlcan lamlly lamlly SLrucLure


ln Lhe 1930's Lhe ma[orlLy of
Lhe Amerlcan households
were Lhe classlc LradlLlonal
Amerlcan famlly
1he faLher who was Lhe
'breadwlnner'
1he moLher who was Lhe
'homemaker'
2 chlldren under Lhe age of
18
MI0fCK fMfLY: fMfLY
IT00CT00I
Todav |hc rcali|v is much
dillcrcn|: |hc 25 pcr ccn| ol
Amcrican pcoplc livc alonc,
and |hc |vpical lamilics arc
lormcd, amon o|hcrs, bv:
arricd couplcs, wi|hou| childrcn
Sinlc parcn|s and |hcir childrcn
Inrcla|cd pcoplc livin |oc|hcr
Homoscxual couplcs
In|crcul|ural unions: marriacs
bc|wccn pcoplc lrom dillcrcn| raccs
or cul|urcs
meticun fumilg: fumilg tttuctute
f010R 0f 0B6t
DcmngraphIc Factnrs
Young poopIo aio naiiying and
having chiIdion Ialoi in Iifo
Sono coupIos nov chooso nol
lo havo chiIdion al aII
IoopIo aio Iiving Iongoi afloi
lhoii chiIdion aio giovn and
lhoy oflon ond up aIono
Tho high ialo of '0R0t
Americun Fumily: MARRlA0 AN0
0lv0RC
os| parcn|s havc li||lc (or nonci con|rol ovcr who arc |hcir childrcn oin |o marrv wi|h.
Happincss is bascd on companionship. Thc maori|v ol Amcrican womcn valuc companionship as
|hc mos| impor|an| par| ol marriac. O|hcr valucs, such as havin cconomic suppor| and |hc
oppor|uni|v |o havc childrcn, al|houh impor|an|, arc sccn bv manv as lcss impor|an|.
Il |hc couplc is no| happv, |hc individuals mav choosc |o c| a DIVORCL. A divorcc is rcla|ivclv
casv |o ob|ain in mos| par|s ol |hc Ini|cd S|a|cs. As a rcsul| ol |his, approxima|clv, onc ou| ol cvcrv
|wo marriacs now cnds in divorcc
4merican Family:
1he Lmhasis un lndividual Freedum
INDIVIDIALIS
Amerlcans vlew famlly as a
group whose prlmary
purpose ls Lo advance Lhe
happlness of lndlvldual
members
1he needs
of each
lndlvldual
Lake
prlorlLy ln
Lhe llfe of
Lhe famlly
1he prlmary
responslblllLy of
Lhe Amerlcan
famlly member ls
noL Lo advance Lhe
famlly as a group
elLher soclally or
economlcally
lamlly name
and honour
are less
lmporLanL
Lhan ln
arlsLocraLlc
socleLles
Less
emphasls
on Lhe
famlly as an
economlc
unlL
Amerlcans do noL llke Lo have
conLrols placed on Lhem by
oLher famlly members
AHFRlCAt FAHllY.
THF R0lF 0F THF CHll0
1hc Amcrican cmphasis on
ihc indiidual accis
childrcn in a coniradiciory
way.
1hcy gci morc aiicniion
and ccn morc powcr
ihan ihcy should
1hcy may noi gci
cnough aiicniion
rom ciihcr parcni
AHFRlCAt FAHllY.
THF R0lF 0F THF CHll0
$4me Americun fumiliet tend t4 pluce
m4re emphutit 4n the needt und
detiret 4f the child, thun 4n the child't
t4ciul und fumily retp4ntibilitiet.
After the ll W4rld Wur, much ttrett wut
pluced 4n the t4ciul needt 4f the
children. Muny b44t 4n h4w t4 ruite
children becume bett-tellert. All 4f
them thured the Americun emphutit
4n the deuel4pment 4f the indiuiduul
ut their primury g4ul.
Alth4ugh, Americunt muy n4t ugree 4n
h4w bett t4 nurture und ditcipline
their children, m4tt ttill h4ld the butic
belief thut the mu[4r purp4te 4f the
fumily it the deuel4pment und welfure
4f euch 4f itt membert ut indiuiduult
AmcnicAN FAmiLY:
couALiTY iN THc rAmiLY
AIong with thc Amcrican cmphasis on
individuaI frccdom, thc bcIicf in
cquaIity has had a strong cffcct on thc
famiIy.
AIcis dc TocqucviIIc said that in
aristocratic socictics incquaIity
ctcnds into thc famiIy, particuIarIy to
thc fathcr`s rcIationship to his chiIdrcn.
~:.:.: . 7--.-.::.
American FamiIy:
EquaIity in the FamiIy
DEMOCPATIC IDEA
W EquoIify desfroys much of fhe fofher's
sfofus os ruIer of fhe fomiIy
W Lessens fhe emofionoI disfonce
befween fofher ond chiIdren
W Less formoI respecf for ond feor of,
fofher
W More offecfion expressed fowords him
AIIo1OCIA1IC IlIA
W 1ne fainer is acceied as ruIer and
nasier.
W 1ne cniIdren's reIaiions iin nin
are very fornaI
W Iove for nin is aIays conbined
iin fear
AmCrlCn Fmllx:
[qulltx ln thC Fmllx
\ Zr/o rr /// //r / / o/
r /o // /
!/r / /o /o///o/ //o /o ro//
o//r// o ///ro r/ /r //
/// /o /or /// /o /or
\ ro/ / /c ///// o/r/ cr //
//c/or / ///r /o ///ro /o/
//r // /oro t( /o // / ///r
r/cr //o
AmCrlCn Fmllx:
[qulltx ln thC Fmllx
TraditionaIIy American chiIdren have
leen exected to Ieave the nest` at
alout age eighteen, aIter they
graduate Irom schooI
At that time they are exected to go to
coIIege (many go to other cities) or
to get a jol and suort themseIves
.D11rnD nD1I_:
FAMILY VALUES
In VaIues and PubIc PoIcy',
DaneI YankeIovch reorts
on surveys done on /amIy
vaIues. 7here are eIeven
onts that a majorty o/
Amercans agree are /amIy
vaIues. YankeIovch cIass/es
sx o/ them as cIearIy
tradtonaI', and the other
/ve are a bIend o/ tradtonaI
and newer, more exressve
vaIues'
nD1I
\nDIIo:1rh
.D11rnD nD1I_:
FAMILY VALUES
%#%
#esectng one's arents
Beng resonsbIe /or one's
actons
Havng /ath n Cod
#esectng authorty
#emanng marred to the
same erson /or I/e
Leavng the worId n better
shae

Giving emotionaI aupport to


other membera of the famiIy
Reapecting peopIe for
themaeIvea
DeveIoping greater akiII in
communicating one'a
feeIinga
Reapecting one'a chiIdren
Living up to one'a potentiaI
aa an individuaI
Americun FumiIy:
THE END
lbllography
Amerlcan Ways 1hlrd LdlLlon
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y: Juun Antonio AIegre