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DEPARTMENT OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

ANDHRA PRADESH

Name : K.RAMPRASAD
Branch : A.E.I.E
Institution : QQGPT, Hyderabad
Semester : V semester
Subject : LIC applications
Sub. Code : AEI 505
Topic : Applications of operational amplifiers
Duration : 50 min.
Sub. Topic : voltage to current converter
Teaching Aids : PPT, Diagrams and Animations

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Recap

In the previous class we have studied about

• Application of OP-Amp as Voltage to current


converter

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Objectives

Upon the completion of this topic you will be able to know


about
• Introduction to voltage to current converter

• Internal circuit description of voltage to current converter

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Interaction and discussion

• What is a voltage to current conversation

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Fig: Voltage to current converter
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Definition

Op-amp may be used to design

A circuit whose input voltage is converted into a proportional

output current .such a circuit is called Voltage to current

converter.

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• It shows a voltage to current converter using RL
as floating load

• The input voltage is applied to the inverting input


terminal
• The feed back voltage across the R1 drives the
inverting input terminal
• It is also called as current series negative feed
back amplifier

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• Righting kirchhoffs voltage equation for the
input loop
Vin  Vid  Vf

As A is very l arg e Vid  0

 Vin Vf

Vin
Vin  R1 i 0  i0 
R0

That is the input voltage Vin is converted in to an output


current of Vin/R1

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Voltage to current converter using
grounded load

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• The figure shows another version of voltage to

current converter

• One terminal of the load is grounded

• Load current is controlled by an input voltage

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Applyingkirchhoffscurrent equationat node V1

I1 +I2 =IL

Vin - V1 V0 -V1
+ =IL
R R

Vin + V0 - 2V1 =IL R

Vin + V0 -IL R
V1 = -----------(1)
2

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The OP-ampisconnectedinnoninvertingmode

The gainof the circuit is givenby

V0 R
Af = =1+ =2
V1 R

The output voltage is

V0 =2 V1 --------------(2)

Substituting(2)in(1)

Vin =ILR

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Vin
IL 
R

This shows that the load current depends on the input

voltage Vin and resister R

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Summary

• In this class we have studied about the operation


of voltage to current converter using

• Floating load

• Grounded load

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Applications
• Low Voltage dc and ac voltmeters,

• Light emitting diodes,

• Zener diode testers.

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Quiz

1. Current voltage converter is used in

c) Low Voltage dc and ac voltmeters,

d) Light emitting diodes,

e) Zener diode testers

f) All of the above

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FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

1. Explain about the operation of voltage to current

converter using Floating load and Grounded load

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