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Ku-band VSAT and DSPT

R K Gangwar DE(TR) BRBRAITT, Jabalpur For circulation to Trainees only

Agenda
INTRODUCTION WHAT IS VSAT ?

WHY VSAT?
HARDWARE OF V-SAT VSAT APPLICATIONS DSPT

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Introduction
VSAT stands for

Very

Small

Aperture

Terminal. VSAT is a device (also known as an


earth station) that is used to send and receive wireless transmissions by satellite.

Millions of VSATs are in use around the world,


allowing people to send and receive two-way data, voice or video transmissions by bouncing signals off of satellites in orbit.
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Introduction
VSAT: a step towards earth station size reduction

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Introduction

Antenna

Size
- 10 OF Mtr. IN 60s
- 3 TO 7 Mtr. IN 70s - 0.6/1.2/1.8 Mtr. IN 90s

ANTENNA DIA

VSATs POPULARITY DUE TO: - SMALL ANTENNA

- NO LAST MILE PROBLEM

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Introduction
VSAT is a complete earth station that is installed at user premises and provides business communication services.

VSAT networks provide digital services, particularly data communications.


VSAT operation is mainly in C, and Ku band.

Ka band is also nowadays utilized.

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Introduction
Trunking stations VSAT are mainly used

within
support telephony between

international
trunk services countries,

switching networks to

possibly

on

different

continents.
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Introduction
VSATs can be used to bypass directly public accessing network operators by

satellite capacity

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WHAT IS VSAT ?

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WHAT IS VSAT ?
V-SAT stands for Very Small Aperture Terminal. V-SAT is a device also known as an earth station. It is used to send and receive wireless transmissions by satellite. Millions of V-SATs are in use around the world to send and receive two-way data, voice or video transmissions.

For internal circulation of For circulation to Trainees only BSNL only

WHAT IS VSAT ?
The very small component of the V-SAT refers to the

size of the V-SAT antenna.


Size of V-SAT antenna or dish is about 0.55-1.8 meters in diameter for Ku-Band systems.

It can be mounted on a roof, attached to a wall or


placed on the ground and is capable of both receiving and sending satellite signals.

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WHAT IS VSAT ?
V-SAT systems can be designed to serve both broadcast and interactive applications whether data, voice or video which are now being served by terrestrial lines. It can be operated in either single or multi user mode.

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WHAT IS VSAT ?
In single-user mode it interfaces directly to the customers PC. In multi-user mode it integrates into a LAN with its built in Ethernet Interface RJ-45.

It also acts as an access router to support services


to connecting PCs.

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WHY VSAT ?
V-SAT technology is a secure and reliable medium to connect geographically dispersed locations. It offers a cost effective solution for users seeking an independent communication network connecting to the global network. It also provide powerful dependable private

communication solutions.

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WHY VSAT ?
V-SAT offers broadband services similar to cable and DSL services for the computer. It provides high performance two-way connectivity for

Broadband access as well as offers value added


satellite based services. It can serve remote and inaccessible areas of country.

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WHY VSAT ?
It offers cost-effective solution for Corporate bodies, Training Centers, Hospitals, Stock exchanges, Banks,

Technical institutions, Government, military etc.


V-SAT broadband is another option for a high-speed Internet Connection that is considered to be one of the best technologies available today. It is capable of supporting- Broadband internet access, VOIP, video conferencing, IP multicast, LAN, voice, Fax.
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WHY VSAT ?
In a situation where other connectivity options are not feasible, broadband V-SAT of BSNL offers value added satellite based services. Broadband V-SAT of BSNL operates in Ku

Band of electromagnetic spectrum i.e.11 to 18


GHz.

Uplink frequency- 14.437GHz.


Downlink frequency- 11.637GHz.
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Why VSAT Broadband networking?


Suppose a Railway department needs to expand its business by deploying 100 new reservation counter within a week, can you imagine the time it will take to wait for leased lines?

In such case, V-SAT Broadband connectivity is


the best Option.

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Benefits
The main benefits of the V-SAT network is very fast

deployment

and

their

independence

from

the

traditional terrestrial communication networks. V-SAT network can be configured to very high

reliability.
V-SAT allow unmanned operation with minimal maintenance.

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Benefits
The reliability and the quality of V-SAT are superior

to the terrestrial systems.


V-SAT networks enable the user to have advanced digital services in places where the terrestrial

infrastructure is not sufficiently developed.


With V-SAT it is possible to make an end to end digital network.

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Benefits
V-SAT can be used to give immediate service to locations that can not afford to wait for long times. V-SAT can be deployed very quickly for emergencies such as natural calamities etc.

V-SAT network can be engineered to very high


reliability.

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Frequency Bands For VSAT


C- Band : U/L : D/L : 5.925 6.425 GHz. 3.7 4.2 G Hz. Total 500 M Hz BW. Extended C- Band : U/L : D/L : Ku band : U/L : 6.725 7.025 GHz. 4.5 4.8 G Hz. Additional 300 MHz BW. 14.0 - 14.5 G Hz.

D/L :
1-May-12

10.95 11.2 and 11.45 - 11.7 GHz.


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A total of 500 MHz BW in Ku band.

Frequency Bands for VSAT


1) C-Band (5.925 6.425GHz / 3.7 4.2GHz)
Satellite Band width of 500MHz Transponder Bandwidth 36MHz WORLDWIDE AVAILABILITY CHEAPER TECHNOLOGY ROBUSTNESS TO RAINFALL REMOTE STATIONS LARGER; 1 TO 3 m. INTERFERENCE TO ADJACENT SATELLITES & TERRESTRIAL MICROWAVE

2)

X Band (7.925 - 8.425GHz / 7.25 - 7.75GHz) Allocated for Military services

1-May-12

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Frequency Bands for VSAT


3) Ku-Band (13.75 -14.5GHz / 10.95 11.7 or 11.7 to 12.2GHz)

Satellite Band width of 750MHz Transponder Bandwidth 36MHz/72MHz Exclusively reserved for satellite usage More susceptible to weather related condition & water vapour) Auto uplink Power control (AUPC) improves (rain, snow

transmission reliability during bad weather

Main advantage with Ku band is that E/S can be located anywhere even in the heart of the city.
1-May-12

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Frequency Bands for VSAT


4) Ka Band (27.5 31GHz / 17.7 21.2GHz)

Satellite Band width of >3GHz Transponder Bandwidth 72MHz Higher frequency reduces cost of earth station Smaller antenna size More susceptible to signal attenuation due to conditions atmospheric

Signal Fading problem


Used as technology research satellite

1-May-12

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VSAT Hardware
VSAT Equipment is mainly consist ofODU ( Outdoor Unit ) IDU ( Indoor Unit )

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VSAT Hardware

Portable Antenna

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User Terminal (Outdoor Unit)


Outdoor Unit (ODU):
The outdoor unit system is specifically

optimized for use with the Indoor Unit


and consists of:

Antenna (0.75m - 1.8m)

Block Up-converter (BUC)


(1W-2W) Low Noise Block-Downconverter (LNB) Feed Assembly (Co-pol or X-

pol)

BRBRAITT,Jabalpur/NovFor circulation to Trainees only 2006

VSAT Hardware
BUC: Block up-converter converts incoming I.F. (from IDU) to R.F. transmitting frequency, amplifies it and passes it to feed. LNB: LNB amplifies incoming R.F.(Radio Frequency) from feed using low noise amplifier, converts it to I.F. and passes it to IDU

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User Terminal (Indoor Unit)


a small desktop box High Performance Satellite Terminal: Download speeds of up to 4 Mbps Upload speeds of up to 2 Mbps Flexible Interfaces: Ethernet 10/100 Base-T (RJ45) USB 1.1 100-240 V AC Power Supply -48 V DC,12 VDC Power Supply

BRBRAITT,Jabalp For circulation to Trainees only

VSAT Hardware
INDOOR UNIT (IDU)

On receive side-IDU converts I.F. (Intermediate Frequency) from ODU to base band signals which may be data, video or voice. On transmit side-IDU converts base band signals to I.F. and passes them to ODU. I.F. is generally in L band. R.F. can be in C, Ku or Ka bands.

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Connection of UT

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VSAT NETWORK
V-SAT are customer based and support mainly

digital networks.
Entire network can be controlled from a single hub. The network can be operated from the hub. The hub also takes care of billing etc.

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VSAT NETWORK
V-SAT application started with receive only terminals for receiving TV broadcast signals in C band. Small dishes measuring 0.8-2.4 mtr are being widely

used for receive only applications for TV broadcast for


DTH services.

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Definition of uplink and downlink

HUB

VSAT

The links from the hub to the VSAT are named outbound links. Those from the VSAT to the hub are named inbound links. Both inbound and outbound links consist of two links, uplink and downlink, to and from the satellite.
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NETWORK TOPOLOGY
V-SAT networks can be arranged in following configurations-

POINT TO POINT NETWORK


STAR NETWORK MESH NETWORK

Star + Mesh topology


The preferred arrangement depends on the kind of

information flow the network will service.

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POINT TO POINT NETWORK


It allows two-way communications between two VSAT sites.

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STAR NETWORK
It allows any number of V-SAT sites to

have
two-way communication with hub. A star topology, using a central uplink site, such as a network operations center (NOC), to transport data back and forth to each VSAT terminal via satellite
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a central

STAR NETWORK

There are two types of star-shaped VSAT network:

Two-way networks ,where VSATs can transmit and receive. Such networks support interactive traffic;

One-way networks, where the hub transmits carriers


to receive-only VSATs. This configuration supports broadcasting services from a central site where the hub is located to remote sites where the receive-only VSATs are installed.
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STAR NETWORK
Two-way

star-shaped VSAT network. (a) Example with four VSATs (arrows represent information flow as conveyed by the carriers relayed by the satellite); (b) simplified representation for a larger number of VSATs (arrows represent bidirectional links made of two carriers travelling in opposite directions) For circulation to Trainees only

STAR NETWORK
One-way

star-shaped VSAT network. (a) Example with four VSATs (arrows represent information flow as conveyed by the outbound carriers relayed by the satellite); (b) simplified representation for a larger number of VSATs (arrows represent unidirectional links)
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KU BAND BROAD BAND VSAT NETWORK

V-SAT Broadband (Ku-band V-SAT) networks of BSNL is designed in a hub and spoke fashion with customer locations connecting directly over air to a central hub. The equipment at a customer site is a V-SAT receiver/router (similar to a DSL or cable modem), attached to a small dish mounted on top or outside the

building.

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KU BAND BROAD BAND VSAT NETWORK

Satellite

INTERNET VSAT IDU MPLS HUB Ku Band BSNL Ku Band Gateway, HUB/Gateway Bangalore IDU HUB ATA

MLLN VoIP

ATA- Analog Telephone Adapter

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KU BAND BROAD BAND VSAT NETWORK


At the hub, a large dish and sophisticated hub RF components receive and transmit signals to remote sites.

Hub routes information to and from the internet or private


networks via leased line. Internet router is connected to BSNL National Internet Backbone (NIB) using multiple 2 Mbps leased line. All remote V-SAT locations are having private IP so that

remote V-SAT users can connect to Internet.

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KU BAND BROAD BAND VSAT NETWORK


MLLN : customers will connect directly to this routers using lease line and they will be able to access the VSAT remote terminals. Customers may take 64 kbps or multiple of it for their main office connectivity.

MPLS: It will be connected to BSNL MPLS cloud using


multiple 2 MBPS lease lines. MPLS router will work as CE routers for the MPLS cloud.

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SALIENT FEATURES OF Ku band VSAT


Supports all IP V4 protocols Shared and customized BW for customers

requirements
VPNs can be created with VSAT n/w, MLLN nodes, MPLS nodes of BSNL. Supports Video Conferencing Built in GRE tunneling

Transparent to IP Sec protocols.

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SALIENT FEATURES OF Ku band VSAT


Max Trans/Receive data up-to 2 Mbps with

10/100 Mbps Base-T Ethernet interface. VoIP telephony with add on ATA. Power consumption is about power ) Compact Indoor Unit ( IDU ) occupies very little space. 300 W ( AC input

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SERVICES OFFERED THROUGH Ku band VSAT


LEASED LINES Through VSAT on IP PLATFORM: 4KbpS Onwards High speed Broadband Internet VPN Networking VOIP Telephony Facsimile Telemedicine

E-learning
IP multicasting, video conferencing, Video streaming

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VSAT HUB
BSNL Ku Band HUB (Earth Station) at BANGALORE consists of : 1. Satellite antenna of 8.1 m Cassegrain feed type. 2 .Ku Band RF equipment and its control systems 3. GATEWAY Networking Equipment with interfaces to Terrestrial Networks like MLLN,MPLS and NIB.

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Ku band VSAT applications


Broadband access

Leased line & VPN


Voice over IP Video Conferencing Video Streaming using IP Multicast

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Broadband Access Applications

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Voice Applications

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Video Conferencing Applications

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Video on Demand Applications

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Intranet and VPN Applications

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Broadcast/Multicast Applications

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DIGITAL SATELLITE PHONE TERMINAL (DSPT)


Digital Satellite Phone Terminal System (DSPT system or DSPS) project involves setting up a VSAT (Very Small Aperture Terminal) Based network for BSNL. The system consists of HUB Station and Remote Digital Satellite

Phone Terminals working in Ku-Band (Transmit Frequency is


13.75-14.5 GHz and Receive is 10.7-12.75 GHz). DSPT Network provides PSTN connectivity to rural, remote,

inaccessible and hilly areas.

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Typical Network Configuration of DSPT system

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Overview of DSPT HUB

The Hub of DSPT system will be composed of Indoor


and Outdoor facilities. The outdoor facility is a complete Antenna and RF path while the indoor

comprises

the

Hub

Base-band

and

the

other

equipments: The Hub of DSPT system comprises of Indoor facilities and Outdoor facilities

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Overview of DSPT HUB

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Conclusion
The V-SAT network allows secure, reliable
and cost effective data, voice and video transmission and enables an organization to deploy nationwide different services over IP in very short period of time.

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Thank you!

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