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3.1 UNIFORM CIRCULAR MOTION 3.

2 CIRCULAR MOTION TRANSVERING

PHISICK TASK CHAPTER 3

3.3 CIRCULAR MOTION WITH ACCELERATION

3.1 uniform circular motion


Uniform circular Motion is a particle that moves circularly with radius R and constant speed. Gerak Melingkar Beraturan adalah sebuah benda yang bergerak melingkar dengan jari-jari R dan kelajuan tetap

B
A

Notes A: B: Particle A ( benda A) Particle B ( Benda B) Linier Velocity A (kecepatan linier A) Linier velocity B ( Kecepatan linier B Angulair velocity(kecepatan sudut)

A : B : :

Sketch of circular motion


B

Period and Frequency (Periode dan Frekuensi)


Period (Periode) Is the time elapses to reach 1 circular motion on a thing. Adalah waktu yang diperlukan untuk menempuh 1 putaran pada sebuah benda.
Formula :

t T n

T: Period (Periode)..second t : Time (Waktu)...second n: The number of circular motion (jumlah putaran)

Frequency (Frekuensi) Is a number of circular motion on a thing in 1 second. Adalah jumlah putaran pada sebuah benda dalam waktu 1 sekon. Formula:
n f t

f : frequency (frekuensi)..Hz n : The number of circular motion (jumlah putaran) t : time (waktu)..second

The Relation between Period and Frequency (Hubungan antara Periode dan Frekuensi)

t T n
So,
1 T f

And

n f t

And

1 f T

Linier / Tangensial velocity (Kecepatan Linier / Tangensial )


Linier/Tangensial Velocity (Kecepatan Linier / tangensial) Is the distant which covered per unit of time. Adalah jarak yang ditempuh per satuan waktu. To reach the distant of 1 circular motion (2R) needs 1 period (T). Untuk menempuh jarak 1 putaran (2R) memerlukan 1 periode (T).

So :
linier velocity = distant / period
2R v T or

= 2Rf (m/s)
With radius R

Angulair Velocity(kecepatan sudut)


Angulair Velocity is angle which covered per unit of time. Kecepatan sudut adalah sudut yang ditempuh per satuan waktu To reach 360O or 2 radian on 1 circular motion needs 1 period (T) Untuk menempuh 3600 atau 2 radian dalam satu putaran memerlukan 1 periode(T)

So:
Angulair velocity =2 / T

2 ( rad / s) T
Or

2f (rad / s)
( read : Omega) 1 circular / rotation = 2 radian

The Relation between Linier Velocity (V) and Angulair Velocity (). (Hubungan antara Kelajuan Linier (V) dan Kecepatan Sudut (). V : Linier Velocity = . R (Kecepatan Linier) : Angulair velocity (kecepatan sudut) R : Radius (jari-jari)

Centripetal Acceleration
(Percepatan sentripetal)
is The change of velocity per limit of time Adalah perubahan kecepatan per satuan waktu. Formula : 2 or v 2 2
as= R (m/s )

Centripetal Force ( Gaya Sentripetal)


A Body connected with rope than moves uniform circularly. Sebuah benda dihubungkan dengan tali kemudian bergerak melingkar beraturan. Formula : A Fs R

Fs =

mv 2 Fs R
Fs=m2.R

Centripetal force (N,Dyne) mass (kg,gr) linier speed (m/s,cm/s) raius

m= V= R=

Angulair velocity(rad/s)

3.2 Circular motion transvering (hubungan perputaran)

DIRECT (Langsung)
v2

1 = 2
R1

v1

v1 v 2 R1 R 2

R2

INDIRECT ( Tidak langsung )


R1

R2

V1 = v2

R2 R1

1.R1 = 2.R2

If the pulleys connected with a gear, so : Jika roda terhubung dengan sebuah gir,maka :
nA . fA = nB . fB

or

nA nB TA TB

nA&nB : amount of gear A and gear B (jumlah gir A & gir B) f: Frequency(frekuensi) T: Period (Periode)

And
mA . RA = mB. RB

mA & mB :amount of cyclus(jumlah putaran) RA & RB : radius A and B( jari-jari A dan B)

3.3 Circular motion with acceleration

The Formula is similar with Linier Motion. Rumusnya sama dengan gerak lurus. They are: : Angulair acceleration

(gerak melingkar berubah beraturan)

/decelleration t: final angulair velocity ( kecepatan sudut akhir) o: initial angulair velocity (kecepatan sudut awal)

t= o + .t

Vt : Final linier velocity (kecepatan linier akhir) Vo : Initial linier velocity (kecepatan linier awal) :amount of rotation(jumlah putaran) read:teta

t2=o2+2

1 2 0 t t 2
t = o - t

at = . R
at : tangensial acceleration (percepatan tangensial)

a s = 2 . R

as : centripetal acceleration (percepatan sentripetal) atot: total acceleration (percepatan total)

a tot at as
2

EXERCISE 1
1.

UNIFORM CIRCUALR MOTION


A particle moves circularly with constant velocity 300 cm/s and radius is 2,5 cm find: a) Period and frequency b) Angulair velocity ( in rpm) c) Centripetal acceleration 2. A particle moves circularly in 10 second covered 5 circular. If radius is 4m find : a) Period and frequency b) Angulair velocity ( in rpm) c) Centripetal acceleration

3. A dinamo has diameter 20 cm. Moves circularly in 150 rpm find: a) Period and frequency b) Linier velocity 4. A particle moves circularly with radius = 4m in 2 second. Happens angle displeacement (perpindahan sudut) 1 / 6 circular find : a) Angle displeacement in radian b) Period and frequency c) Angulair velocity d) Linier velocity

5. A thing has mass 50 gram connected with rope that has long 1 meter. Moves circular and in 10 second happens 50 circular. Find : a) Linier velocity b) Centripetal acceleration c) Tension rope (centripetal force)

EXERCISE 2
CIRCULAR MOTION TRASVERING
1. Four pulleys (wheel) with radius R1=5 cm, R2=15 cm, R3= 10 cm,R4= 25 cm as in the diagram bellow. The first wheel moves with a frequency of 2 / Hz. Find : a) Angulair velocity of wheel 1 b) Tangensial velocity of forth wheel

2. A door trap bicycle with a front gear radius 12 cm and back gear radius 4 cm. The wheel radius is 18 cm each. The front gear moves with a period of 3 second . find : a) The time needed to reach the distance 18 km b) if the amount of the front gear 40, find the amount of the back gear

3. The machine use 2 wheel like diagram bellow. Smaller wheel has radius 5 cm and moves circularly on 120 rad/s find : a) Linier velocity both wheel b) If bigger wheel has radius 16 cm, find the angulair velocity in rpm

4. Wheel A has radius 4cm and wheel B has radius 10 cm. Wheel B connected with wheel C (radius = 3 Cm). If wheel A moves circularly by the same direction with watch and angulair velocity 15 rad/s. find : linier velocity of wheel D has radius 16 cm.
D B A

5. An electric motorcycle rotate wheel A which has radius 10 cm. Wheel A connected with rope on other wheel that has radius 50. If the motorcycle gives angulair 200 rad/s to wheel A find : Angulair velocity wheel B and centripetal acceleration of wheel B.

EXERCISE 3
1.

CIRCULAR MOTION WITH ACCELERATION


A wheel rotates in 2 second the angulair change from 30 rpm to 20 rpm. The radius is 10 cm find: a) Angulair deceleration b) The amount of rotation At first a wheel do nothing reach angulair velocity 64 rad/s on 16 second. find: a) Angulair acceleration b) Angle which covered c) If the radius of wheel 10 cm. Find the centripetal acceleration

2.

3. A disk with radius 15 cm at first rotate 25 rad/s and its brake till become 15 rad/s. During it, the disk has rotate 40 radian. find : a) Angulair decceleration b) How long time needed to stop since the first brake c) Before brake find tangensial velocity, centripetal acceleration and total acceleration