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Pre Assessment

Without using any words or numbers, draw what


you think diffusion is.
Sign it and turn it in.
(this is not a grade-just try)
ellular Transport
Essential question:
How do cell membranes
perform their function of
regulation?
#eview of membrane structure
Semipermeable boundary that separates the Iiving ceII from it's
non-Iiving surroundings.
Shape
#egulation
Protection
-ell to cell communication
Major component: PhosphoIipid biIayer
Lipids are dynamic and can move
PhosphoIipid PhosphoIipid
hydrophiIic heads
hydrophobic taiIs
"uickTime and a
TFF (Uncompressed) decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
Fluid Mosiac Model
Plasma Membrane Proteins
MAJO# part: phospholipids
Membrane
components
hannel proteins
(integral)
Glycoproteins
(recognition molecules)
arrier proteins
(active transport)
Enzymatic proteins #eceptor proteins
cholesterol
"uickTime and a
TFF (Uncompressed) decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
Permeability of the ell Membrane-
Differentially Permeable Differentially Permeable
What can and can't get through?
AN AN'T
Water (through aquaporins)
small polar molecules
(alcohol)
Nonpolar molecules(lipids)
Gasses(O
2,
O
2
)
ons (salts)
charged molecules
(amino acids)
large polar molecules
(glucose)
Macromolecules
(starch)
Three Microscopic ceIIuIar transport methods
"uickTime and a
TFF (Uncompressed) decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
Molecules go from high to low concentration
NO energy-it is passive
Due to:
Diffusion
What will happen?
Brownian movement:
random motion due to kinetic energy
How diffusion works
Do the molecules stop moving when they reach
equilibrium??
NO-it just goes equally in all directions
oncentration Gradient
=the difference in concentration of molecules
*Molecules move down(with) their concentration
#ate=fast
#ate=slower No movement
Osmosis:how it works
The diffusion of
water across a
membrane down its
own concentration
gradient
%e size of te
solute particles does
not influence
osmosis.
"uickTime and a
TFF (Uncompressed) decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
Facilitated diffusion
Molecules moving across a membrane
high to low concentration with help
NO energy is required
arrier molecule S required
"uickTime and a
TFF (Uncompressed) decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
"uickTime and a
TFF (Uncompressed) decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
"uickTime and a
TFF (Uncompressed) decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
: How it works
Homework
reate an analogy about diffusion
n this format: Diffusion is
like..because.....
Active transport: How it works
Molecules go from high to low O# from low to high
#equires ENE#GY-provided by ATP
#equires a arrier Molecule
The sodium potassium pump
omparing passive and active
transport
Time for Procfisell Time for Procfisell
0o fo fhe mycIosses foIder
Choose CeIIuIor fronsporf: PorfA
Try of Ieosf 3 qui;;es- osk for heIp os
you work fhrough fhem if needed
0o fo fhe mycIosses foIder
Choose CeIIuIor fronsporf: PorfA
Try of Ieosf 3 qui;;es- osk for heIp os
you work fhrough fhem if needed
TONTY
#efers to the concentration of
SOLUTES (soIids)
s a RELATIVE term, comparing two
different solutions and unless indicated
otherwise, refers to the solution outside
the cell
* sotonic * Hypertonic * Hypotonic
Isotonic
A soIution with an equaI soIute concentration
compared to another soIution.
3% Na
97% H
2
O
Red BIood CeII
3% Na
97% H
2
O
soIution soIution
ic
way
will
te
water
move?
SOTON SOLUTON
Hypertonic
A soIution with a greater soIute concentration
compared to another soIution.
3% NaCI
97% H
2
O
Red BIood CeII
5% NaCI
95% H
2
O
soIution soIution
ic
way
will
te
water
move?
HYPE#TON SOLUTON
Hypotonic
A soIution with a Iower soIute concentration
compared to another soIution.
3% Na
97% H
2
O
Red BIood CeII
1% Na
99% H
2
O
soIution soIution
ic
way
will
te
water
move?
HYPOTON SOLUTON
Tonicity
Is based on the concentration of solutes comparing the outside
solution to the cell and determines direction and rate of diffusion.
II the solution is:
Hypotonic Isotonic Hypertonic
Increase
then the water in the cell will:
Stay same Decrease
and the cell could:
Burst
(Iyse-animaI) or
be turgid
(pIant)
reach
EquiIibrium
Crenate (shrink-animaI) or
PIasmoIyze (tonopIast of
pIant shrinks-Iose turgor
pressure)
Blood in various solutions


A quick review
What happened with the salt solution
and Elodea?
Let's see
"uickTime and a
TFF (Uncompressed) decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
What happened in the
diffusion lab demo?
Let's see
"uickTime and a
TFF (Uncompressed) decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
omparing plants and animal cells in
various solutions
"uickTime and a
TFF (Uncompressed) decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
Group Discussion question
Using your diffusion lab graphs and data
answer the following question on the
provided sheet:
an te rate of diffusion be predicted if
te concentration of te solution
outside is known?
HOMEWO#
Do the provided worksheet from chap 7
Fill in the green sheet handout (use
your lab and your discussion from
today to help) and answer the pink
sheet question on prediction
Blood cells-which one was in a
hypertonic solution?
"uickTime and a
TFF (Uncompressed) decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
"uickTime and a
TFF (Uncompressed) decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
"uickTime and a
TFF (Uncompressed) decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
"uickTime and a
TFF (Uncompressed) decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
ontractile vacuole
Endocytosis: Three types
a. Phagocytosis
b. Pinocytosis
c. #eceptor-mediated endocytosis
Phagocytosis= cell "eating
Pinocytosis= cell "drinking
Small lipid droplets
are taken in by a
pinching of the
membrane
Exocytosis
#eceptor-mediated
Endocytosis
actors effecting membrane
permeabilty
actors effecting membrane
permeabilty
A. Solubility
B. Poisons
C. Type of molecule
D. Pressure
A. Solubility
B. Poisons
C. Type of molecule
D. Pressure
E. Size of molecules vs pore(cannels)
. Temperature
C. Concentration
H. pH
Homework
See the text review posted and
begin studying for cell part 2 exam
See the weblinks posted for the
animations to help review
See ME if you need help!!