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AES VOTERS EDUCATION

Automated Election System

Elections, The Right to Vote and the Right to Information

1987 Constitution
Art. II, Sec. 1 The Philippines is a democratic and republican state. Sovereignty resides in the people and all government authority emanates from them.

SUFFRAGE
The right to vote
Art. V, Sec. 1: Citizen of the Philippines 18 yrs. Old Resident:
At least 1 year in the Philippines At least 6 months in the place where to vote

Section 25 of R.A. No. 8436,


An Act Authorizing the Commission on Elections to Use an Automated Election System in the May 11, 1998 Elections and Subsequent Electoral Exercises

Section 25. Voters Education


The Commission together with and in support of accredited citizens arms shall carry out a continuing and systematic campaign through newspapers of general circulation, radio and other media forms, as well as through seminars, symposia, fora and other non-traditional means to educate the public and fully inform the electorate about the automated election system and inculcate values on honest, peaceful and orderly elections.

THE AUTOMATED ELECTION SYSTEM (AES)


The 1987 Constitution mandates the COMELEC to ensure free, orderly, honest, peaceful, and credible elections.

in 1992, immediately after the first Synchronized National and Local Elections (NLE). first pilot testing of an automated election system using the Optical Mark Reader (OMR) technology in the 1996 Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) Elections partial implementation in the ARMM provinces of the same automated system in the 1998 National and Local Elections halted nationwide implementation of a centralized automated counting system for the 2004 NLE the pilot test of a fully automated election system in the 2008 ARMM Elections For the coming 2010 elections, the COMELEC is set to conduct the countrys first nationwide fully automated elections from counting of votes to transmission and canvassing of election results.

Statistics
Estimated 47,000,000 registered voters
44,009,069 registered voters - as of April 20, 2009 ERB Hearing 58,327 registration records cancelled by reason of death 1,246,272 registration records deactivated

What is this Automated Election System or AES?


Sec. 2(a) of RA 8436, as amended, defines an AES as a system using appropriate technology which has been demonstrated in the voting, counting, consolidating, canvassing and transmission of election results, and other electoral processes.

What is PCOS?
On the other hand, PCOS refers to a technology wherein an optical ballot scanner, into which optical scan paper ballots marked by hand by the voter are inserted to be counted.

Voting period
7:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.
Unless there are voters waiting for their turn to vote
Poll Clerk lists down names voters queuing Poll Clerk calls voter to cast ballot Voter who fails to appear after being called twice shall not longer be allowed to vote

Precinct set up
At least 10 voters can cast ballot at any one time

Before voting starts


Show that ballot box is empty
Transparent plastic

Turn on and initialize PCOS Print Zero Report


To show that there is no entry/vote in machines memory

Counting
At close of polls Perform close function
To prevent additional ballots from being inserted After close function, PCOS automatically Starts counting process Prints election returns after completion of automated count Eight (8) copies

Counting
Insert transmission cable After printing first eight (8) copies of ER
To eliminate doubts that the PCOS can be manipulated remotely

Perform electronic transmission function Print additional twenty-two (22) copies of ER Automatically performed by PCOS after completion of transmission

Congress

COMELEC

National Board of Canvassers

Physical transport
Prov. COC

Manual System of Canvassing

Provincial Board of Canvassers

SOVM/C

Physical transport
Mun./City COC

Municipal/City Board of Canvassers

SOVP

Physical transport

Election Returns Precinct

Congress

COMELEC

National Board of Canvassers

Physical transport
Prov. COC

Electronic Transmission
Comelec Central Back-up Server
Advance Results/ Monitoring

Provincial Board of Canvassers

SOVM/C

Physical transport
Mun./City COC

Municipal/City Board of Canvassers

SOVP

Secured Public Website

Physical transport

Election Returns Precinct

Server for Dominant Majority/ Minority Parties, Citizens Arm, KBP


Advance Results

People Vote-buying Coercion Intimidation Terrorism

Systems & Procedures Misreading of ballots Unreadable handwriting Error Honest Deliberate Fraud Manufactured election returns Tampering of election results

Vigilance of citizenry Cooperation Coordination Support