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HOW THE INTEGRITY OF THE ELECTION RETURNS WAS COMPROMISED


2

PRESENTATION AGENDA

1. The process of election From ballots to the Certificate of Canvass 2. The features and due execution of the Election Returns 3. Indicators of manufactured Election Returns

Particularly in Cebu, Bohol, Iloilo, and Pampanga.


3

PRESENTATION AGENDA

4. 5. 6.

How was the manufacturing done Post Election tampering with canvass documents Impact of this fraudulent activity to the results of the elections

Ballot Canvassed PROCESS FLOW OF THE COUNTING AND Box By Congress CANVASSING OF VOTES

ERs
This is done
inside the Precinct by the Board of Election Inspectors. The votes are announced and tallied in the ER. After all votes have been tallied, total votes for each candidate are recorded.

Mun SOV
This is done by the City or Municipal Board of Canvassers. The MSOV is the statement of votes per precinct in the city or municipality. It provides the precinct breakdown for the total votes written in the MCOC.

Mun COC
This is done by the City or Municipal Board of Canvassers. It contains the total votes per candidate for the whole city or municipality.

Prov SOV
This is done by the Provincial Board of Canvassers. The PSOV is the statement of votes per city or municipality. It provides the city or municipal breakdowns of the total votes in the province written in the PCOC.

Prov COC
This is done by the Provincial Board of Canvassers. It contains the total votes per candidate for the whole province.

The Election Return is the closest election result document to the ballot and therefore reflects more faithfully the results of the voting. It contains the tara that corresponds to every vote read in full view of the voting public.

Election Return C.E. Form No. 9


Two sets National positions
3 pages of 7 copies each page Local positions 4-5 pages of 7 copies each page

Authenticity Features Accountable form


Specified paper Serial number Security mark Printers name and Comelec name
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The Sections of the Election Return 1. ER Identification


Precinct number Barangay Municipality Province Serial number

2. Instructions
Filling up Closing tallies Illustration

The Sections of the Election Return


3. Data on Voters and Ballots
Registered voters Voters who actually voted Ballots statistics

4. Tallies
Names of candidates Taras

5. Total Votes Obtained


In figures In words

The Sections of the Election Return


6. Certification: Board of Inspectors
Poll Clerk Chairman Third Member For each: Name Signature Right hand thumb mark

7. Witnesses
From interested parties ( max: 6 ) For each Name Signature Right hand thumb mark
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The manufacturing would have gone unnoticed except for only one problem.
Dahil ang pandaraya ay MALI, hindi kailan man ito magiging perpekto gaano man kagaling ang pagkakaplano at gaano man kalinis ang pagsasagawa nito. Lalabas at lalabas ang KATOTOHANAN ng pandaraya sa tamang panahon.

Problems Observed in the Election Returns


Identity features of the Election Return not printed with the form:
Precinct number, barangay, municipality/city, province and serial number

Lack of required entries or data as part of Fraud Control System

Tallies were improperly closed


Different inks were used for thumb marks Similar patterns of handwriting were obvious
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However, while the page number is printed, the serial number is not.

Highly irregular as an accountable form as the serial number can easily be imprinted using numbering machines available in book stores.

This practice was corrected in the 2001 elections only to revert to the defective design for the 2004 elections.

This ER from Floridablanca, Pampanga is another example. An imprint of the right thumbmark is one of the requirements to close the entry of votes for each candidate.

Floridablanca

Are these human thumbmarks?

San Juan

Floridablanca

Compared to this ER from San Juan, you can spot the differences.

Floridablanca

Next, observe the taras. Note how orderly the taras are written. When done in the comforts of an airconditioned room this can be done. But inside a hot, busy precinct at midnight with tired sleepy teachers?

Floridablanca

Even more incredible, in Las Pinas, about 80 kilometers away, another person doing the taras has the same penmanship as the person in Floridablanca, Pampanga!

The Manufacturing of Election Returns


Particularly in Cebu, Bohol, Iloilo, and Pampanga.

Part of the 33,000 excess election returns printed by the COMELEC was used for this purpose.

First step:

Mapping or determining the provinces where Mrs.Arroyo had a strong showing in popularity ratings.
The logic of Dagdag-Bawas is to maximize her winning margin in areas where she will win in a clean and honest election.

Four were identified: Pampanga, Cebu, Iloilo and Bohol (PCIB Area). The idea is to condition the public to concede these provinces to Mrs. Arroyo even if a GMA landslide happens in these areas.

Second Step:
COMELEC increased the number of voters to more than FIVE Million nationwide, of which ONE Million found its way in the PCIB area, to provide enough leeway to add votes without resulting in statistical improbability.

In Pampanga, the expected number of registered voters for 2004 was 944,092. But the registered voters as per PCoC was 1,080,751.

Dagdag

Plus 136,659

In the Province of Cebu, the expected number of registered voters for 2004 was 1,299,612. But the registered voters per PCoC was 1,780,708.
Dagdag
Plus 481,096

In Cebu City, the expected number of registered voters for 2004 was 377,637. But the registered voters per CCoC was 464,802.
Dagdag

Plus 87,165

In Iloilo, the expected number of registered voters for 2004 was 787,580. But the registered voters per PCoC was 923,262.
Dagdag

Plus 135,682

In Iloilo City, the expected number of registered voters for 2004 was 191,620. But the registered voters per PCoC was 240,153.
Dagdag

Plus 48,533

In Bohol, the expected number of registered voters for 2004 was 556,579. But the registered voters per PCoC was 619,139.
Dagdag

Plus 62,560

So in these four provinces-Pampanga,Cebu,Iloilo, and Bohol,-There was an increase of 951,695 registered voters.

With almost a million of voteraddition, more or less the same number of votes were added to GMA.

Step 3: Overprinting of extra sets of Election Returns (ER) for the precinct tallies, Statements of Votes (SoV) for the precinct and municipal breakdowns, and Certificates of Canvass (CoC) for the municipal, city and provincial totals.

Several months before election, Commissioner Resureccion Borra admitted that the Comelec overprinted election forms: 3 million ballots and 33,000 election returns.

Step 4: Actual Manufacturing of ERs


The votes to be entered into the ERs were already pre-computed and printed in a master sheet for each page of the ER. The numbers were copied in the ERs and then certified with the names of the election inspectors.

They have a master copy of the names of all the election inspectors and the precincts they will be assigned. They have their signature specimens. And master forgers too.

Step 5:
These manufactured forms, now reflecting landslides for GMA, were sent to the election officers. The local operatives already knew how to replace the real results with the manufactured election returns.

This means that even before Cebuanos, Boholanos, Ilongos and Kapampangans could go to the precincts, their votes had already been cast for them.

VOTE RATIOS
LOCATION ILOILO CEBU PAMPANGA CEBU CITY TOTAL VOTES 700,582 1,208,810 799,265 327,672 GMA VOTE % LEAD OVER FPJ 430,568 842,631 557,992 161,469 VOTE RATIO 6.2 x 7.8 x 7.6 x 3.8 x

512,812 73% 965,630 80% 642,712 80% 220,060 67%

BOHOL

495,717
TOTAL VOTES 950,623 1,049,207 782,490

337,336 68%
FPJ VOTE

242,956
LEAD OVER GMA 282,290 268,084 315,782

3.6 x
VOTE RATIO 2.5 x 2.1 x 3.0 x

LOCATION LAGUNA BULACAN

477,630 50% 505,164 48% 476,220 61%

NUEVA ECIJA

Municipality

GMA Votes FPJ Votes


10,270 8,629 27,134 23,635 459 406 1,523 1,332

GMA Lead Over FPJ

Catmon Alegria Bogo Bantayan Popo Tabuelan Sogod Tabogon Argao Moalboal Asturias San Remegio Oslob Malabuyoc Medellin Pilar Dumanjug Borbon Ginatilan Balamban Ronda Pinamungahan Tuburan Alcantara Samboan

9,297
8,309 11,820 13,272 26,522 10,534 15,264

543
489 705 849 1,776 709 1,051

18,231
8,424 6,560 15,610 5,426 15,527 10,846

1,273
610 484 1,203 423 1,217 866

5,782
22,510 7,271 19,096 18,701 5,408 8,511

472
1,856 601 1,590 1,572 472 788

22 x 21 x 18 x 18 x 17 x 17 x 17 x 16 x 15 x 15 x 15 x 14 x 14 x 14 x 13 x 13 x 13 x 13 x 12 x 12 x 12 x 12 x 12 x 11 x 11 x

Boljoon Dalaguete Aloguinsa Daanbantayan Toledo City Minglanilla Danao City Alcoy Carmen Badian Liloan Carcar Naga San Fernando Sibonga Compostela Barili Madridejos Mandaue City Consolacion Tudela Talisay Lapu-lapu City Santa Fe San Francisco Santander Cordova

5,142 20,463 9,251 19,813 47,318 28,976

484 1,927 891 2,084 5,114 3,156

44,720
4,781 15,639 11,870 25,258 31,974 28,641 19,176 13,751 12,906 21,153 8,505 83,064 25,787 3,912 45,422 73,030 5,957 11,903 4,877 9,692

5,002
542 1,782 1,359 2,952 3,870 3,532 2,373 1,764 1,732 2,877 1,398 14,631 4,659 744 8,793 18,365 1,540 3,177 1,642 3,440

11 x 11 x 10 x 10 x 9x 9x 9x 9x 9x 9x 9x 8x 8x 8x 8x 7x 7x 6x 6x 6x 5x 5x 4x 4x 4x 3x 3x

TOTAL

965,570

123,099

7.84

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Post Election Tampering with Canvass Documents


Particularly in Mindanao
COCs

Ang tanong:

Kung siya ang tunay na panalo, bakit kailangang tumawag pa kay Garci?

The unexpected happened.

An avalanche of votes for the opposition came from the North and the Tagalog speaking provinces, as well as from Metro Manila. Historically, these vote-rich areas make or unmake a president.

Garcis multifaceted role in the 2004 Elections:


As overseer of fraud operations in Mindanao. As liaison officer between politicians, on one hand, and elections officials and the military, on the other.

As damage controller who ensured no complaints of fraud are filed or made public. As paymaster for bribes to election officials.

Mrs. Arroyo called him up 15 times.

The following graphs will illustrate how tampering of election result documents at different levels affected the integrity of the count.

COLUMBIO, SULTAN KUDARAT

ER

MSOV

PSOV
93%

56%

56% 44% 44%

FPJ 5,376

GMA 4,082

FPJ 5,340

GMA 4,100

7% FPJ 545

GMA 7,100

DISCREPANCY

7,859

KALAMANSIG, SULTAN KUDARAT

ER

MCOC

PSOC
90%

78%

79%

22%
FPJ 8,180 GMA 2,309 FPJ 8,580

21% GMA 2,220

10% FPJ 1,056

GMA 10,580

DISCREPANCY

15,395

LEBAK, SULTAN KUDARAT

ER

MCOC

PCOC

85% 73% 73%

27% FPJ 14,458 GMA 5,265 FPJ 14,664

27% 15% GMA 5,333 FPJ 2,678 GMA 15,621

DISCREPANCY

22,136

PALIMBANG, SULTAN KUDARAT

ER

MCOC

PCOC
95%

71%

55% 45% 29% 5% FPJ 4,486 GMA 5,460 FPJ 3,776 GMA 9,127 FPJ 566 GMA 11,723

DISCREPANCY

10,183

TACURONG CITY, SULTAN KUDARAT

ER

MCOC

PCOC

89% 78% 77%

22% FPJ 14,734 GMA 4,160 FPJ 15,226

23% 11% GMA 4,577 FPJ 566 GMA 4,577

DISCREPANCY

14,585

SULTAN KUDARAT
ER
92%

PSOV
89%

8% FPJ 49,493 GMA 4,160

13% FPJ 9,375 GMA 65,114

DISCREPANCY

77,122

BASILAN
ER PSOV

69%

65%

31% FPJ 42,908 GMA 19,594

35%

FPJ 23,315

GMA 43,049

DISCREPANCY

43,048

LANAO DEL SUR


ER PSOV
88%

56%
44% 22% FPJ 67,989 GMA 52,633 FPJ 33,808 GMA 119,477

DISCREPANCY

101,025

TAWI-TAWI
ER PSOV

71%

62%

29% FPJ 22,536 GMA 9,394

38%

FPJ 14,317

GMA 23,309

DISCREPANCY

22,134

SULU
ER PSOV

83% 72%

17% FPJ 19,850 GMA 4,115

28% FPJ 8,301 GMA 21,418

DISCREPANCY

28,852

Its the same story with the Provincial Certificates of Canvass Page 1 Page 2 Page 3
from Agusan del Norte

Again, the operators had access to authentic COC forms to perform their fabrication. Page 1 is where you have the list of candidates for President and VicePresident.

Page 2 and Page 3 have serial and page numbers with uniform gaps different from Page 1.

Once again,observe how the serial number of page 1 is misaligned vs. the other pages.

Now, we know why the common response in Congress to requests to verify the election returns were Noted, Noted. Noted

Had the ERs been opened, many will see these ERs were prepared by same hands for the ERs of Cebu, Bohol, Iloilo and Pampanga.

Noted

Like a thief in the night, Congress proclaimed GMA as the winner while the nation was deeply asleep.
If she really won fair and square, as claimed by certain quarters, why should they rob the people of the joy to watch the proclamation of their newlyelected President? Or, is it a case that Congress had to proclaim GMA in such an ungodly hour because of fear of public uproar?

In the Minority True Report, election results from 42 provinces and cities were protested.
Our review covered 11 of these and the findings indicate:
GMA MINIMUM MAXIMUM 11, 653, 831 11, 307, 676 FPJ 12, 122, 522 12, 122, 522 GMA WINNING / LOSING MARGIN

(468,691) (814,846)

Our quest for the TRUTH is ongoing.

Let us act together to unravel the whole truth and transcend partisan politics.
Then and only then, can this nation start anew.