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AMMONIUM NITRATE

Emergency Overview: Colorless, crystals; odorless. Irritating to eyes/skin/respiratory tract. Also causes: difficulty breathing, acidic urine, systemic acidosis, and abnormal hemoglobin. Strong oxidizer capable of igniting combustible materials. Precautionary Measures: Avoid exposure to skin. Wear protective clothing: Goggles, Gloves, Apron. First Aid Procedures: Inhalation: Remove to fresh air and support breathing as needed. Eyes/Skin: Remove contaminated clothing. Flush with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Ingestion: Do not induce vomiting! Consult physician immediately! Fire Procedures: Noncombustible. However: it is a strong oxidizing agent capable of igniting combustibles. Spill Procedures: Notify safety personnel, isolate and ventilate area. Remove combustibles from spill area. Apply soda ash. Neutralize with 6M HCE. Take up with inert material such as sand or vermiculite. Cleanup personnel should protect against exposure.

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Uses and Benefits Used as explosives for applications such as; coal mining, quarrying and in construction. Commonly used high nitrogen fertilizers. Used as an instant cold packs to reduce swelling for sports injuries or other first aid situations where ice is not available.

Acute health effects Short-term exposure to ammonium nitrate can cause symptoms ranging from minor irritation to nausea, vomiting, gastric irritation, headaches, dizziness and hypertension. Area of exposure Ingestion Skin contact Eye contact
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Hazardous level Moderate Hazardous Moderate Hazardous (irritant) Moderate Hazardous Moderate Hazardous

Inhalation

ARSENIC

Emergency Overview: Brittle, crystalline, silvery-black metal. Irritating to eyes/skin/respiratory tract. Also causes: damage to blood-forming organs, nervous and cardiovascular systems. Cancer hazard. Generally found as a powder which is flammable. Precautionary Measures: Avoid exposure to skin. Wear protective clothing: Goggles, Gloves, Apron. First Aid Procedures: Flammable as a powder. Use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray, or regular foam. Spill Procedure: Notify safety personnel, isolate and ventilate area. Remove heat and ignition sources. Scoop material (with non-sparkling tools) into a clean, dry container and cover. Cleanup personnel should protect against exposure.

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Uses and Benefits: Can be used as a weed killer, or destroy infestations. Used as a wood preservative. Used as a poison and produce useful medical products.

Health Effects Irritation of the stomach and intestines Decreased production of red and white blood cell Skin changes and lung irritation Intensify the chances of cancer development: skin cancer, lung cancer, liver cancer and lymphatic cancer. Infertility and miscarriages with women And it can cause skin disturbances Declined resistance to infections Heart disruptions Brain damage with both men and women.

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ACETONE

Emergency Overview: Colorless, highly volatile liquid; sweet odor. Irritating. Also causes: muscle weakness, mental confusion, coma (high concentrations). Ingestion: GI irritation, kidney and liver damage, metabolic changes, coma. Chronic: dermatitis. Highly flammable. Precautionary Measures: Avoid exposure to skin, Wear protective clothing: Goggles, Gloves, Apron. First Aid Procedures: Inhalation: Remove to fresh air and support breathing as needed. Eyes/Skin: Remove contaminated clothing . Flush with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Ingestion: Do not induce vomiting. Contact physician immediately. Fire Procedures: Flammable: Can form explosive mixtures in the air. Stop leak before extinguishment. Use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray, or alcohol-resistant foam. Water may be ineffective. Spill Procedures: Notify safety personnel, isolate and ventilate area. Shut off heat and ignition sources. Take up with inert material (earth, vermiculite). Cleanup personnel should protect against exposure.

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Uses and Benefits: Acetone is used to make plastic, fibers, drugs and other chemicals, It is also used to dissolve other substances . Precautions: The vapors should be avoided. Acetone can also be absorbed through skin. In no circumstance should it be consumed directly or indirectly. Always use goggles when handling acetone:; it can cause permanent eye damage (corneal clouding).

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