Anda di halaman 1dari 64

Complete Sentences

1.Start with a capital letter 2.Have end punctuation 3.Have a subject (S) 4.Have a verb (V) 5.Make sense
_____ _____ _____

(. ? !)

The Subject
The person, place, thing, quality, or idea that the sentence is about. Test question: What is the sentence about? Who/what is doing the action? Examples Jenna went for a walk. The store was closed. Balloons rose into the sky. Silence filled the streets. Peace was declared at midnight.

(Person) (Place) (Things) (Quality) (Idea)

Action Verb
A word that shows the action of the subject of the sentence. Examples:
Body Actions walk run Mind Actions think want

The PENS Strategy Pick a formula Explore words to fit the formula Note the words Search and check

Search & Check Step M Ask Is there a verb?" Root out the subject
(ask, Who or What _____?")

Key in on the
  

beginning ending meaning

University of Kansas Center for Research on Learning 2002

The PENS Strategy Pick a formula Explore words to fit the formula Note the words Search and check

Search & Check Step M Ask Is there a verb?" Root out the subject
(ask, Who or What _____?")

Key in on the
  

beginning ending meaning

Learning Sheet
Mark the subject and verb of the following sentences as well as correcting any errors
S V

Example: Lucy carefully looked both ways before crossing the street.
1.

2.

3. 4. 5.

amelia hastily devoured 15 buffalo wings, 10 celery sticks, and 3 glasses of diet soda. Jeremy quickly scampered downstairs because he was late for class The train speedily zoomed past the station unable to stop squirrels really are just rats in cuter outfits. i always wear a scarf to keep me extra warm when its cold outside

The PENS Strategy Pick a formula Explore words to fit the formula Note the words Search and check

Proper Nouns
Capitalized Names of people Titles of people Names of specific places Names of months and days of the week Names of holidays Titles of books, movies, songs, etc.
University of Kansas Center for Research on Learning 2002 13

Learning Sheet

Identify the proper nouns in the following sentences and correct for capitalization if necessary.

University of Kansas Center for Research on Learning 2002

14

Learning Sheet

Underline the proper nouns in the following sentences and correct for capitalization if necessary. Also correct any other errors.
M D

Example: We plan to travel during the memorial day weekend . 1. she saw the film Pulp fiction during the holidays. 2. Two days ago, the Accountant reviewed the budget 3. Danny read matthew, luke, and john from the bible. 4. we need to meet with professor Jones to discuss the final exam. 5. Her donations to St. jude children's research have helped significantly

Learning Sheet

Underline the proper nouns in the following sentences (if there are any) and correct for capitalization if necessary. If there are no proper nouns write NPN next to the sentence.
e

Example: That exit is three blocks East of the store. NPN


1.

2. 3. 4. 5.

My english courses are not going as well as my studies in History. That river flows through the ozark mountains. I intend to sign up for a course in Communications next year. The koran discusses many issues related to the bible. Professor Davis' philosophy 4301 course will study 19th century philosophical thought.

Learning Sheet

Underline the proper nouns in the following sentences (if there are any) and correct for capitalization if necessary. If there are no proper nouns write NPN next to the sentence.

Example: That exit is three blocks East of the store. NPN or W O N He opposes any position that the national organization for women supports 1. By the light of my father's smile, Alice Walker's most recent novel, discusses father/daughter relationships. 2. We should be open on columbus day. 3. My Mother will attend the fiesta on Friday. 4. The American civil liberties union serves as a watchdog for injustices against human rights. 5. Gwen won't attend professor Boykin's class on Friday because she is going out of town for the weekend. 6. He grew up in the rocky mountains, but he soon migrated to the west. 7. Place the sundial so that its shadow is facing East. 8. Breaking dawn should do well at the academy awards.

The PENS Strategy Pick a formula Explore words to fit the formula Note the words Search and check

Plural Nouns
dog = dogs cat = cats church = churches boss = bosses candy = candies pulley = pulleys

Learning Sheet
Change the following nouns to plural nouns fox library horse wish kiss day

Learning Sheet

Correct the following sentences focusing on plural nouns. Also correct capitalization and end punctuation where necessary.

The two girl went to walmart to buy five pairs of shoes. Jenny and Edward both ordered hot cocoa, but when their order came there were three glass of chocolate On his stroll through prince william national forrest, Jacob saw four deer. to find the book she was looking for, Julie had to go to two different library. Adam had three wish that were all about to come true.

Learning Sheet

Change the following sentences from singular nouns to plural nouns. Example: The boy wanted to go to the store to buy a book. The boys wanted to go to two stores to buy their books.

Their horse was stubborn and wouldnt run in the race. The goose was getting very fat. The ox pulled the cart to the market. The family went to church on Sunday. The hiss of the snake was terrifying.

Learning Sheet

Correct the following sentences focusing on plural nouns. Also correct capitalization and end punctuation where necessary.

Learning Sheet

Correct the following sentences focusing on plural nouns. Also correct capitalization and end punctuation where necessary.

The PENS Strategy Pick a formula Explore words to fit the formula Note the words Search and check

Search & Check Step M Ask Is there a verb?" Root out the subject
(ask, Who or What _____?")

Key in on the
  

beginning ending meaning

Linking Verbs
Words that link the subject to another word that describes the subject. am are is was were seem be been become

Verb A word that shows the action or state-of-being of the subject

Search & Check Step


Mark out imposters  infinitives  prepositional phrases Ask Is there a verb? Root out the subject (Who or What _____?) Key in on the  beginning  ending


meaning

Search & Check Step


Mark out imposters  infinitives  prepositional phrases Ask Is there a verb? Root out the subject (Who or What _____?) Key in on the  beginning  ending


meaning

Prepositions
about above across after against along amid among around at before behind below beneath beside between beyond by down during except for from in inside into like near of off on over out outside of with within without through throughout to toward under underneath until up upon past since

University of Kansas Center for Research on Learning 2002

39

University of Kansas Center for Research on Learning 2002

40

University of Kansas Center for Research on Learning 2002

43

University of Kansas Center for Research on Learning 2002

44

University of Kansas Center for Research on Learning 2002

45

Adjective A word that describes a noun.

Main Subject The one word that best tells what the sentence is about.

Helping Verbs
Words that help the main verb show the action in a sentence.

am are can could do does did has have had be

Helping Verbs

is may might must shall should was were will would

being

been

Helping/Linking Verbs
Am, Are, Is ,Can, Could, Do, Does, Did, Have, Has, Had, May, Might, Must Was, Were, Will, Would, Shall, Should, Be, Been, Being are all helping verbs.

Adverbs
Words that add information about the action of the subject of the sentence. They show:
   

when where how to what extent (how often, how much) the action takes place

Types of Simple Sentences


SV SSV SVV "One person doing one thing" "Two people doing one thing" "One person doing two things'

SSVV "Two people doing two things"

Topics to Cover
Nouns  Proper Nouns  Counting Nouns  Noun clusters  Plural nouns  Possessives  Noun clauses

Adjectives
 

Degree Adjectives (good, better, best) Adjective clauses

Prepositional Phrases
Verbs
     

Conjugation (Tense) Subject verb agreement Action Verbs Helping Verbs/Linking Verbs Verb clusters Passive and Active Voice

Adverbs