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Employment Generation and Skill Development in India Trends and Challenges

Indian Vocational Skill Scenario

Vision India @ 75 (Year 2022) Some Highlights
India achieves 100% functional literacy India builds 700 million globally employable workforce, comprising 200 million university graduates and 500 million vocationally skilled people India develops world class infrastructure to become a global hub for knowledge creation, talent development and entrepreneurial incubation India sets global standards and becomes a scale provider of value based learner-centric education, skills development and professional educators through industry partnerships


Placement Support

Community Mobilization

Vocational Training & Certification

Creating a Globally Deployable Skilled Manpower

- Create Skill Development Centres (SDCs) at the district level - Mobilize youth, across schemes / programmes to create an engine to skill rural / semi-urban youth towards employability - Utilize vast existing infrastructure and resources that exist at the grass-root level .

Indian Vocational Skill Imperatives

Indian Population @ 2022: 1.3 billion people
Population with access to education facilities: 200 M Population with limited access to education facilities: 500 M Balance population (to be vocationally skilled): 500 M (considering a drop of 300 M who will drop out due to various reasons)

Employable Population (age 18-58 years): 780 million

Requirements what needs to be done to skill 500 M youth for employability..

Key Sector employment Facts

Livelihood generated by Agriculture 65% Small and medium enterprise (related to manufacturing and service) generates close to 29% Critical growth sectors identified BY GoI:
Agriculture and food processing Manufacturing Healthcare Hospitality Skill Development

Placement Assurance

Community Mobilization

Industry Certification

Vocational Training

Agriculture Outlook, Challenges and Opportunities

Agri Sector: Contributes to 24% of GDP Provides food to 1Billion people Produces 51 major Crops Contributes to 1/6th of the export earnings One of the 12 Bio-diversity centers in the world with over 46,000 species of plants and 86,000 species of animals recorded Largest producer in the world of pulses , tea , and milk Second Largest producer of fruits, vegetables, wheat , rice, groundnut and sugarcane. STRENGTHS Rich Bio-diversity Arable land Climate Strong and well dispersed research and extension system WEAKNESS Fragmentation of land Low Technology Inputs Unsustainable Water Mgmt Poor Infrastructure Low value addition

Key Thrust Area for Agri

Diversification of Agriculture Inter-cropping Micro Management Water Management Organic Farming Agri-Clinics and Agri-business Centres Bio-Technology Skilling and Upskilling farmers and agro processors Solution: Smart Agriculture Corridor: Improved agricultural output Establishing food processing Skill development of farmers at grass root level Model - 4P

OPPORTUNITIES Bridgeable yield crops Exports Agro-based Industry Horticulture Untapped potential in the N.E. THREATS Unsustainable Resource Use Unsustainable Regional Development Imports 4

Manufacturing Outlook, Challenges and Opportunities


Key Thrust Area for Manufacturing

Solution: Development of specialized corridors like DMIC: Creation of 350 Industrial townships Development of SME ancillary units Creation of 100 million jobs in industrial sectors Building Capacity of SME 5

Healthcare Outlook, Challenges and Opportunities

Indias Human Development Index ranking at 119 out of 169 countries, which is largely due to poor healthcare indicators, is detrimental to its predicted rise as the second largest economy of the world. The skill requirement for the country is quite staggering as India adds another 2 million beds by 2022 as compared to 1.1 million beds currently Key Challenges Production and distribution of human resources - across multiple levels of care Health curricula- outdated and non existent for some roles Private sector dominance - provides 93% of the hospitals and 85% of doctors in India. Geo-disparity South & West states with 31% population have over 60% nursing & medical colleges , whereas 8 North & East states with 50% population have only 20% nursing & medical colleges 80% doctors, 60% hospitals and 75% dispensaries in urban India GDP spend on Health to go from 1.3% (current) to 2.5% (12th plan estimate)

Emerging Trends in Healthcare Sector Increasing presence of the private sector Nursing education, PPP for core and support functions Private players in the health insurance business and the growth of health insurance Day Care concept Assisted Living / Old Age / Critical Illness Home concept Medical Tourism and certification / accreditation of medical institutions Twelfth five year plan (2012-17) will see doubling of GDP spend on Healthcare Continuing shortage of nursing, technical and support staff

Doctors Nurses Technicians, Paramedics & Others Dentists Pharmacists

All figures in '000s

2008 725 1,600 27 80 681

2012 1,208 2,416 232 121 724

2018 1,947 5,192 530 389 779

2022Incremental 2,705 1,980 10,822 9,222 812 676 811 785 596 130

Human Resource and Skill Requirements for the Healthcare Services Industry, a report by ICRA Management Consulting Services Limited (IMaCS) for NSDC This skill gap is without accounting for the entire eco-system sizing of manpower requirement Bedside assistants, Assisted living (home care), Facilities management roles, etc.

Meeting the Manpower Requirements

Skilling youth across domains
1. SDC: Skill Development Centre a smaller format training facility, with 2 or 3 classrooms; present at remote block / district level in a state 2. CoE: Centre of Excellence a large format training institution or college, with high capital investment; in large cities 3. Capacity building of existing role holders: - Private sector existing role holders - Public sector government and contract resources.

SDC Spoke Outreach

Implementation of MoRD project for skilling youth for employability across sectors

Long duration, specialized skill programmes Certification as per domain requirements from councils / bodies like IMA etc Government funded continuing education programmes for existing role holders Resource Development through Finishing School

Skilling of APL (selffunded) youth for employability across sectors

On-site COE
Junior Management development through Finishing School Career growth oriented programs for different role holders

Capacity Building of existing role holders

Case - Joining the Dots to Overcome Challenges

Janani SHPs, HLF PPT, NGOs / CBOs Heimerer Academy (Germany), VTCT (UK), Fortis Healthcare, Bausch + Lomb, MART TARAhaat, Janani, own SCDs / CoEs Sector Skill Council, NCVT, INC, State Medical Councils, Heimerer Academy, VTCT Fortis Healthcare, Emmanuelle Hospitals, Bausch + Lomb, Baxter, etc. Staffing organizations, Own Company

Case Study - Navkar Offerings

Navkar Footprint: 11 States / 292 Districts
Sector Course Diploma in Nursing Education & Administration Basic Health worker / ANM General Nursing & Midwifery (GNM) Diploma in O.T Technician Diploma in Optometry Diploma in Dialysis, Cardiology and MRI Technician Healthcare Diploma in Laboratory Technician Certificate in Emergency & Trauma Care Certificate for Physician Assistant Certificate for Patient Assistant Certificate for Nursing Assistant Certificate in Counseling Certificate in Physiotherapy

FY01 FY02 FY03 FY04 FY05 FY06 FY07 FY08 FY09 FY10 No. of States No. of Districts Youth Enrolled (in '000) 3 16 1.5 11 123 22.6 11 220 86.1 11 264 11 286 11 286 11 286 11 286 11 286 11
Hospitality & Travel

Certificate for Tourist Guides certificate in Food & Beverage Services Certificate in Hospitality Services certificate in Catering services Certificate in Housekeeping Certificate in Facility Management Unorganized Sector Certificate in security Guard Services Certificate in Domestic Assistance


150 200.5 244.6 280.3 315.4 341.6 385.5

Strictly Private and Confidential

Thank You!

Navin Bhatia
Email: Mob: +91 9810003021
Navkar Centre for Skills 135-136 B, 1st Floor, Somdutt Chambers -1, 5, Bhikaiji Cama Place, New Delhi 110066