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Touch Screen

technology

Overview
Introduction History Components Technologies Pros & cons Applications Conclusion

INTRODUCTION
WHAT IS TOUCH SCREEN ? Touch screen is a data input device. Its a screen that responds to touch A touch screen is a display that can detect the presence and location of a touch within the display area. Touch screen can also sense other passive objects such as stylus.

HISTORY
Touch screens emerged from academic and corporate research labs In 1971, the first "Touch Sensor" was developed by Doctor Sam Hurst (founder of Elographics) while he was an instructor at the University of Kentucky. This sensor, called the Elograph.

Components
A basic touch screen has three main components : Touch sensor Controller Software driver

1. Touch sensor
A touch screen sensor is a clear glass panel with a touch responsive area. The touch sensor is placed over a display screen so that the responsive area of the panel covers the viewable area of the screen.

2.Controller
The controller connects between the touch sensor and the PC. Take information from the touch sensor and translate it into information that PC can understand.

3.Software Driver
The driver allow the touch screen and computer to work together This makes touching the screen as same as clicking the your mouse at the same location on the screen.

Technologies
Resistive Capacitive Surface acoustic wave

Resistive
Structure
Glass board Flexible plastic membrane Resistive coating Micro insulator

Characteristics:
1. Cost effective solutions 2. Activated by a stylus, a finger or gloved hand 3. Not affected by dirt, dust, water, or light 4. 75%~85% clarify 5. resistive layers can be damaged by a very sharp object

Conductive
STRUCTURE Front and back protective glass Middle layer consists of a laminated sensor grid of micro-fine wires

WORKING PRINCIPLE
A human body is an electric conductor, so when you touch the screen with a finger, a slight amount of current is drawn, creating a voltage drop. The current respectively drifts to the electrodes on the four corners.

PROS

User friendly Fast response Error free input Use finger , fingernail , gloved hands , stylus or any soft tip pointer Easy to clean Does not interfere mouse and keyboard Make computing easy , powerful and fun It benefits children

CONS
Finger stress Fingerprints screen has to be really big not to miss things when pressing them with your finger big screen leads to low battery life touch screen means screen cant be read too well in direct sunlight as it applies an additional not 100% transparent Fatigue

Applications
Mobiles Computers Airport terminal passenger internet and emails ATMs Restaurants' Grocery stores

Conclusion
Designers are trying to use touch screen to simplify input commands Today , touch screen has becomes adopted by computers users of all abilities because it is simple, fast and innovative. In future there is no usage of mouse and keyboards as they will be replaced by touch screen.

References
http://www.google.co.in/#q=Touch+screen+technology&as_si tesearch=wikipedia.org&sa=X&ei=LjVqTf2TL86GrAfO7ujCCw& ved=0CC4Q2wE&hl=en&biw=1280&bih=869&fp=dcc4ce35a3 a0f2a4 http://www.google.co.in/#sclient=psy&hl=en&site=&source= hp&q=ppts+on+touch+screen+technology&aq=0&aqi=g1&aql =&oq=PPTs+on+Touch+screen&fp=1&cad=b http://www.scribd.com/doc/29866129/Touchscreentechnology-ppt-by-pavan-kumar-M-T http://wiki.fluidproject.org/display/fluid/Benchmarking++Touch+Screen+Options