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System On Chip

Presentation By Dinesh USN:3PD06EC025

Index
Introduction

SoC Architecture
System on chip cores System on chip interconnection SoC Design flow SoC Design considerarion Advantages & disadvantages SoC Applicaions & future trends Conclusion

Introduction
Today's mobile phones have more processing

power than typical desktop computers of the last millennium. Even the Portable Media Players (PMPs) have more sophisticated processors than the revolutionary Pentium processor launched 15 years back. On top of that, mobile phones, PMPs and other handheld devices are getting smaller and thinner with increasing battery life.

STRUCTURE OF SoC
MODEL SoC CONSISTS

One microcontroller, one microprocessor or DSP core(s). Some SOCs called multiprocessor System-on-Chip (MPSoC) include more than one processor core. Memory blocks including a selection of ROM, RAM, EEPROM and Flash. Timing sources including oscillators and phase-locked loops. Peripherals including counter-timers, real-time timers and power-on reset generators. External interfaces including industry standards such as USB, FireWire, Ethernet, USART, SPI. Analog interfaces including ADCs and DACs. Voltage regulators and power management circuits.

Components of SoC

Typical SoC Architecture

Generic Software Stack for SoC

Example SoC: Intel EP80579

Graph showing variations in different cores

Interconnection network taxonomy

System-on-a-Chip Design Flow

SoC design time

The Benefits
There are several benefits in integrating a large digital

system into a single integrated circuit. These include Lower cost per gate. Lower power consumption. Faster circuit operation. More reliable implementation. Smaller physical size. Greater design security. Easy-to-incorporate modern protocols and interfaces such as USB, Wi-Fi/IEEE802.11, and Bluetooth into embedded systems. Porting PC software on embedded systems.

The Drawbacks
The principle drawbacks of SoC design are associated with
the design pressures imposed on todays engineers, such as: Time-to-market demands. Exponential fabrication cost. Increased system complexity. Increased verification requirements

SOC APPLICATIONS
Speech Signal Processing

Image and Video Signal Processing


Information Technologies Data Communication

FUTURE SCOPE
The ever increasing requirement on the functionality of handheld devices is pushing the SoC designers to make more powerful, power efficient and cost effective SoCs with more and more functionality going into a single chip which is getting smaller and thinner.

CONCLUSION
A system-on-a-chip (SoC) can provide a singlechip solution, lower power usage, better performance, more frugal use of board real estate, simpler integration, and lower part counts. Compared to multichip solutions, the SoC has huge advantages, but mistakes in sizing on-chip resources require spinning the ASIC and result in high cost. The SoC design concept has appeal in a broad range of computing applications, from supercomputing to embedded systems.

BIBLIOGRAPHY
1. International Symposium on System-on-Chip. 2. Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org /wiki/System-on-a

chip 3. PCQuest Magazine 4. SoC drawer: The resource view: http://tinyurl.com/3lnt8t 5. Intel website: www.intel.com/pressroom/kits/soc 6. Wipro System-on-Chip Designs, white paper, June 2009