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Assignment:Sugar A detailed look at the Supply chain in India

Submmited to: Dr. K. Mishra (Associate Proffesor)

Submmited by: Ram Gopal Pali M.B.A (R.M)

INDIAN SUGAR INDUSTRY


Largest consumer and Second largest producer of Sugar in the World Turnover of 500 billion per annum Contribution of 22.5 billion to government Second largest agro-industry after cotton 453 operating sugar mills

INDIAN SUGAR INDUSTRY..


7.5% rural population is related to sugarcane cultivation UP and Maharashtra together contribute more than 75% of the total production. Industry growth is horizontal.

HISTORY
It is thought to have originated in New Guinea Process of creating sugar crystal was developed in India in 500 BC. In US sugarcane cultivation began only in 18th century First US factory was built in 1830

SUGAR AND HEALTH


Sugar is extremely valuable in treatment of severe infantile diarrhea Oral re-hydration treatment is used for infants Vitamin A deficiency in South American population is being combated successfully with the use of fortified sugar

TYPES OF SUGAR

Granulated sugar

Used by food processors and professional bakers and are not available in the supermarket
found in every home's sugar bowl and most commonly used in home food preparation slightly finer than "regular" sugar and is used in dry mixes such as gelatin desserts

Regular sugar, Fine or extra fine sugar

Fruit Sugar

TYPES OF SUGAR

SuperFine ultrafine and bar sugar

ideal for extra fine textured cakes and meringues, as well as for sweetening fruits and iced-drinks since it dissolves easily crystal size of coarse sugar is larger than that of "regular" sugar normally processed from the purest sugar liquor. highly resistant to color change or Inversion

Coarse Sugar

MANUFACTURING PROCESS

Raw Material
Juices of sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) and sugar beet (Beta vulgaris) are rich in pure sucrose, sugarcane is a thick, tall, perennial grass that flourishes in tropical or subtropical regions Sugarcane yields about 2,600,000 tons of sugar per year. The sugar beet is a beetroot variety with the highest sugar content About 3,700,000 tons of sugar is manufactured from sugar beet Other sugar crops include sweet sorghum, sugar maple, honey, and corn sugar.

MANUFACTURING PROCESS..

Factors affecting production


Area of sugarcane cultivation Climate and irrigation facility Crop disease and pests Sugarcane yield Diversion of Sugarcane to other products

MANUFACTURING PROCESS

Planting and Harvesting


Sugarcane requires 23.9 degree of temperature and 203 cm of rainfall every year Sugarcane takes about seven months to mature in a tropical area Harvesting (of both cane and sugar beet) is done primarily by machine, although in some states it is also done by hand Harvested cane stalks are loaded mechanically into trucks or railroad cars and taken to mills for processing into raw sugar

MANUFACTURING PROCESS

Preparation & Processing

SUGAR SUPPLY CHAIN

OPTIMIZATION OF SUPPLY CHAIN


S Gaucher et al has discussed a Two Component Model The first modelling component looks at supply management over the entire mill area, and is called the strategic model The second modelling component, the logistic model, details the way cane is conveyed from the fields to the mill on a daily basis

OPTIMIZATION MODELS

STRATEGIC MODEL

It is based on a three-level representation of the supply area


Mill intermediate operators such as hauliers and transloading centres, Production unites (PUs)

STRATEGIC MODEL

LOGISTICS MODEL
The aim of logistic model is developed to minimize harvest-to-crush delays The logistic model is used mainly to assess the impact of

restructuring the supply organisation introducing new equipment at PUs, transloading centres and at the mill changing delivery allocations to match the harvest capacities of growers.

LOGISTICS MODEL..

SUSTAINABILITY INITIATIVES IN SUGAR SUPPLY CHAIN


Waste Water Management Best-practice guidelines for farm management Cane Pads Knowledge of activities across the supply chain is currently limited to a few individuals Community/ consumers have low awareness of the activities of the sugar industry Increase range of products with increased market value

THANK YOU