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Radioisotopes in industry

Introduction critical capability in oils and gas electrical power construction manufacturing food industries Click to edit Master subtitle style

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Radioisotopes in industry
v v v v v v v v

neutron technique for analysis gamma & X-rays techniques for analysis gamma radiography gauging gamma sterilization scientific uses tracing/ mixing uses wastes
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Neutrons techniques for analysis


Thermal neutron capture
Low energy of neutron is absorbed by

nucleus.
californium-252 sources with sodium iodide

detectors are sensitive to it which is used for many application such as compact, portable and reliable neutrons required.

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Neutron inelastic scattering


Occurs when a fast neutrons collide with

nucleus.

A probe containing a neutron sources can be lowered into a bore hole where radiation is scattered by collisions with surrounding soil.

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Gamma & X- rays techniques in analysis


Determine the ash content of coal on line and

on a conveyor belt by energy spectrum of gamma rays. from non-radioactive material.

Fluorescent X-rays can be induced by X-rays Elements concentrations can be determined

in process stream of concentrators.

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Gamma radiography

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Inspection of products

Iridium-192 & cobalt-60 used to inspect a variety material. Industrial radiographer could radiograph any solid, flat material or any hollow or cylindrical spherical object.
Airport

security

Hold luggage and carry on luggage are examined by X-rays machine.


Non-intrusive

cargo scanning

Intermodal freight cargo containers can be scanned.

Gauging

Measure the presence or absence of material between the source and the detector. manufacturing, instrument that are sensitive to the measurements will activate controls to maintain the proper thickness. to monitor and control the flow of materials in pipes, distillation column with gamma rays. the height of the hopper.

During

Used

Determine

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Gamma sterilization
v

Formed with self-disintegration of cobalt-60 or cesium-137. Used for sterilization of gaseous, liquid or solid material, homogeneous or heterogeneous system and disposable medical equipment.

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Scientific uses

Used as tracers in many research areas. Produce an extensive range of organic chemicals. Examine the impact of human activities. Estimate the age of water from underground bores.

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Tracing/ mixing uses

Determine the quantity of tracers at any point of the pathway through which it is travelling. Trace the progress of some radioactive material . Half life of tracers is chosen to obtain information required. Trace the sewage of

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wastes
Usually

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by-products or nuclear power generation or other applications. hazardous. and can be disposed in near surface facilities. and stored for a period of time.

Is

Short-lived

Isolated

Industrial

isotopes

Natural- occurring radioisotopes:


carbon-14, chlorine-36, lead-210, tritium(H-3)

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Artificiall y4/5/12