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Roles and functions of the fire service

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By Jamie Gillum

4/20/12

Roles
Now a days, the Fire & Rescue service mostly deal with safety and rescues, and not so much house fires anymore as houses are now made out of bricks, not wood. Examples; Arson Carbon Monoxide Cats in trees (although now they charge around 75 for a call out for this) Chemical spills (with Army) Chip pan fires Flood Water Road accidents 4/20/12 School/home visits Disaster relief

Arson
Now a days, only 1 in 3 calls involve fires. During 2010/11, London Fire Service attended over 6,000 deliberate fires in London

Every now and again, the fire service still have to deal with arson fires, although not as much anymore. Involved in arson calls are the Fire Investigative Unit, Arson Task Force and Juvenile Firesetters Intervention Team (JFIS). For example, a furniture store in South London was burnt down during the London riots back in August 2011. A man named Gordon Thompson looted items and them set fire to a sofa in the store. 4/20/12

Chip Pan Fires


In the UK there is 12,000 chip pan fires every year, and 1,000 of these are considered serious. 43 per cent of chip pan casualties took place between 8pm and 4am

In late years, the number of chip pan fires have increase yearly. Several local fire brigades have offered a "chip pan amnesty", trading old chip pans for a deep fryer. For example, the fire that burnt down the Weston-Super-Mare pier. It all started when a chip pan was left on with no one around and caught fire, then spread up the walls and along the whole building on the end of the pier. 4/20/12

Road Accidents/Fires
In Oxfordshire, around 40 deaths, 300 serious injuries and nearly 2,200 slight injuries occur a year in road accidents.

The roles of the fire service during a road accident are many different things and is extremely varied. The fire service deal with fires, but often they are requested to deal with a number of 'special services'. These would include people being trapped, floods, body recovery, animals being trapped, spillage and of course traffic accidents. Most fire services have two different types of fire engine (Rescue Water Tender Ladder (RWrL), and Water Tender Ladder (WrL)). For example, a fire engine from Burnham attended a car fire on the A38 (Brent Knoll) at around 10:40pm. The road was one of 4/20/12 the regions busiest roads.

Statistics show that in 2007, 267 people died in accidental fires in the home. More than three quarters were in properties without a smoke alarm, or with a smoke alarm that didnt work. In the UK an average of 34 children under the age of 11 are killed in fires in the every year and around 1,200 are injured.

School/Home Visits

http://www.surreycc.gov.uk/people-and-community/fire-safety-at-home-and-in-the-community/fire-prevention/home-fire #

Schools can arrange a meeting with someone from the fire service to come in and talk to them about road and fire safety and prevention. They will talk to you about what to do when theres a fire, or someone is injured. Three main areas; Identify and be aware of the potential fire risks within your home, know what to do in order to reduce or prevent these risks and put together an escape plan in case a fire does break out and ensure you have working smoke alarms. For example, a fire-fighter started a Child Safety Week on the 23rd 4/20/12 June 2009 with a visit to a SureStart Childrens Centre in Milton Keynes.

Disaster Relief
In England and Wales an estimated 2.8 million properties lie in areas at risk of flooding. Of these, around 600,000 are in areas where the risk is considered to be significant

The fire service deal with many disasters; Floods, Hurricanes, Tornados, Typhoons, Landslides. For example, the Gloucestershire floods in 2007. The fire service were involved in helping rescue people with helicopters, and supply food and water to the people rescued. 4/20/12