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WELCOME

PRESENTING BY,
NARESH.G : 08TE1A0421 SANDEEP.M : 08TE1A0441

BALA MURALI KRISHNA.S : 08TE1A0445


UNDER THE GUIDANCE OF MR.VEERA BABU.A

Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering Prof. Rama Reddy College of Engineering & Technology 2008-2012

TITLE

SPEED CONTROL AND DETECTION OF MOVING MOTOR VEHICLES BY USING CAMERAS

INTRODUCTION
A system that automatically capturing image of a moving vehicle and recording data parameters, such as date, time, speed operator, location, etc. on the image. The system uses a single camera mounted on a pole or other tall structure ,looking down on the traffic scene.. Hardware is microcontroller. It calculates the speed of the vehicle. It is used for detecting and classifying vehicles in multiple lanes and for any direction of traffic flow.

BLOCK DIAGRAM OF SPEED CHECK SYSTEM UNIT


Antenna Transmitter Encoder Camera Switching unit Driver Microcontroller IR RX sensor1 IR RX sensor1 Op-Amp PRG-Enable Reset unit LCD Display Unit

Clock Gen
IR RX sensor2 IR RX sensor2 Buzzer

Power Supply Unit

BLOCK DIAGRAM OF CHECK POST SIDE UNIT


Antenna Receiver Decoder

Computer Power Supply

COMPONENTS IN SYSTEM
MICROCONTROLLERS IR SENSORS LCD DISPLAY ENCODER DECODER BUZZER TRANSMITTING ANTENNA SECTION RECEIVING ANTENNA SECTION CAMERA COMPUTER POWER SUPPLY UNIT OP-AMP SWITCHING UNIT CLOCK

HARDWARE IMPLEMENTATION
MICROCONTROLLERS POWER SUPPLY UNIT IR SENSORS RF CAMERA TV TUNER CARD INTERNAL RF TRANSMITTER AND RECEIVER

MICROCONTROLLER (AT89S52)

MICROCONTROLLER (AT89C2051)

Regulated Power Supply contains,


Step Down Transformer

Bridge Rectifier
Voltage Regulator

Resistor, Capacitor ,Diode

IR SENSOR contains,
IR TRANSMITTER consists of
IR LED. It will transmit IR rays continuously when the voltage have anode and cathode lead of IR LED. IR RECEIVER is a 3 pin device incorporating surface mount IC which has the following blocks: 1. Photo detector 2. Preamplifier 3. Filter 4. Demodulator

RF TRANSMITTER & RECEIVER


RF TRANSMITTER is given through encoder which will send all the data serially to the transmitter. In transmitter, all the data will get modulated and it will transmit at a frequency of 434 Mhz.
1 ANTENNA,2 GROUND,3 GROUND,4 POSITIVE,5 POSITIVE,6 DIGITAL DATA OUTPUT,7 DIGITAL DATA OUTPUT,8 GROUND

This decoder will receive the data from RF receiver and it will latch the output .The micro controller will get this input and program in the memory

SOFTWARE IMPLEMENTATION
THE SOFTWARE WE USED IN THIS SYSTEM ARE

RIDE C, KEIL C COMPILER, (If Microcontroller is AT89s52) UNIPRO (for Writing the microcontroller) MP LAB INTEGRATION

RIDE is a fully featured Integrated Development Environment that provides editing to compiling, linking, debugging and back to the start, with a Simulator, ICE, Rom Monitor or other debugging tool. KEIL is a cross compiler. Compilers are programs used to convert a High Level Language to object code , i.e. hex file. UNIPRO is a universal microcontroller simulator, it runs under windows operating system. UMPS are able to simulate external components connected to the microcontroller. MPLAB Integrated Development Environment (IDE) is a free, integrated toolset for the development of embedded applications between tools is a snap, and upgrading from the free simulator to MPLAB ICD 2 or the MPLAB ICE emulator is done in a flash.

WORKING PATTERN

APPLICATIONS
Speed detection is carried out based on the time lag between two

images.
The system uses a single camera mounted on a pole or other tall structure ,looking down on the traffic scene.

A key objective was to ensure that people are made fully aware of the
speed cameras are for road safety purposes and is not for the raise of revenue.

ADVANTAGES
Data detection on all vehicles (plate, vehicle class, speed) Automatic verification, and print of the speed limit violation. Automatic sent of the violation data to the Police server. A link with a server located inside the police intranet to send data of fines. A link with P.R.A. (National Plate data base). A link with the Police client for fine management. Many police clients installed over the police intranet used for verification and fine transmission to the vehicle owner. Average speed control system that allows automatic sanctioning without Police patrol presence.

CONCLUSION
Now we would like to believe that enforcement cameras are there for our on good and make our roads safer. These cameras were highly visible then no one would travel by them exceeding the speed limit and they would do their job. Used as they hidden away, they are penalized and contribute little to road safety directly only generating revenue to pay for their installation and maintenance. Despite nearly 4000 driver caught, more than one per minute on average, not one single accident but was reported by the police which just showed that, speedier offer a little towards improving road safety but do an awful lot to generate revenue for the local police and local authorities. Although road safety strategists are introduced to reduce the number of people killed and serious injured that is to support new casualty reduction largest. So on utilizing the strategies in the right way, we can reduce 40 percent it of accidents by the year of 2010.