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Stages Of Labor And Delivery

The Stages Of Labor


First Stage 3 separate divisions of first stage: 1. Latent Phase-when contractions are becoming more frequent (usually 5 to 20 minutes apart) and somewhat stronger. The cervix dilates (opens approximately three or four centimeters) and effaces (thins out). 2. Active Phase-is signaled by the dilatation of the cervix from 4 to 7 centimeters. Contractions become longer, more sever, and more frequent (usually 3 to 4 minutes apart). 3.Transition Phase-during this phase, the cervix dilates from 8 to 10 centimeters. Conrtactions are usually very strong, lasting 60 to 90 seconds.

Second Stage It begins when the cervix is completely opened and ends with the delivery of the baby. It is often referred as the pushing stage. During this stage, the woman becomes actively involved by pushing the baby through the birth canal to the outside world. When the babys head is visible at the opening of the vagina, it is called crowning./ the second stage is shorter than the first stage, and may take between 30 minutes to two hours for a woman's first pregnancy.

Third Stage After the baby is delivered, the mother enters the new and final stage of labor- delivery of the placenta ( the organ that has nourished the baby inside of the uterus). This stage usually last just a few minutes and involves the passage of the placenta out of the uterus and through the vagina.

Discomfort of the woman during delivery

There are a variety of discomforts that a woman will experience during labor. There are, of course, the labor pains themselves. They are the main discomfort of labor, and are very often the focus of conversation when it comes to labor discomforts. It is the pain for which all of the various pain treatment options, such as an epidural, have been designed. It is also the primary focus of the various natural childbirth methods, in terms of how to deal with the pain that comes during labor. There are the other obvious labor discomforts, such as perineal tearing or the need for a episiotomy. Having said that, there are other common labor discomforts, while they are not generally as severe as labor pain, that should still be thought about ahead of labor and given some degree or another of attention during labor.

One common labor discomfort that many women dont think about but almost all women experience is dryness of the mouth. While most hospitals and birthing centers will allow a woman in labor to drink water or other beverages, it is easy to become dry in the mouth with all of the heavy sorts of breathing that labor requires. Fortunately, this common labor discomfort can readily be addressed just by packing some lip balm in your labor bag.

Another common labor discomfort tends to be cramping and muscle pain. During labor, many women find that their arms, legs, back, or other muscles become tight and often will cramp up. When this happens, it a perfect opportunity for a spouse or labor coach to help out. Providing deep muscle massage during labor can provide you some relief from this common labor discomfort, and can also provide your spouse with a way to participate in the childbirth process. Some couples even use massage oils during labor to help relieve muscle pain.

Nausea is also relatively common during labor. The longer that labor goes, the more true this tends to be, as the stomach gets to be empty and, in some cases, a woman becomes less and less hydrated. During labor it may be time to break out those leftover Preggie Pops that you used for morning sickness so long ago. There are also medications that your health care provider may be able to give you to help with nausea as well.

This is prepared by:


Anilidah M. Indardaya