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A ZigBee-Based Home Automation System

Nisanth V Issac S7 A Roll No: 25

Overview
Introduction
Existing Home Automation Technologies and its analysis Features of the proposed system System Architecture System initialization/implementation

Conclusion
College of Engineering, Chengannur

Introduction
What is Home Automation?
Anything that gives you remote or automatic control of things around the home.

College of Engineering, Chengannur

What is Zigbee?
a low-cost, low-power, wireless networking standard Based on IEEE 802.15.4 operates in the ISM radio bands Low data rate (approx 250 Kbit/s) Range of operation - 30 to 100 m
College of Engineering, Chengannur

Wi-Fi
Term Wi-Fi refers to wide fidelity

Commonly used WLAN


Uses the 2.4GHz ISM band High Data rate

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Existing Home Automation Technologies


Java based system Bluetooth Phone based system Hand Gestures IEEE 1394 based system
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Analysis of the Existing Systems


Complex and expensive architecture Intrusive installation

Lack of network interoperability


Interface inflexibility Security and safety
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Features of the proposed system


Reduced Complexity Low cost Flexible and Scalable Variety of controls Remote monitor and control Secure and Safe
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Why Zigbee and WiFi?


Wi-Fi for high data rate applications

ZigBee for devices with out Wi-Fi


Access to the home automation system from Wi-Fi enabled devices like mobile phones Can exist together with less interference problems
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System Architecture

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Home Gateway
Consists of Wi-Fi module, ZigBee Microcontroller and power supply Primary Function - Data translation services between the internet, Wi-Fi and ZigBee networks. Real time control and monitoring of devices using device database Flexible control modes
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Virtual Home
A Software construct in C

Responsible for security and safety


Check sender authentication Check for errors

Encrypt Messages
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Virtual Home Flow Chart

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Zigbee remote control


It includes
Integrated Remote Controller ZigBee to IR Converter ZigBee Power Adapter

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Integrated Remote Controller(IRC)

ZigBee module- Acts as a coordinator IR Receiver- take Ir signals from other remote controllers for learning
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ZigBee to IR Converter (ZB2Ir)


Converts ZigBee signals from the IRC into the specific infrared signals Broadcasted to all devices in the transmission range

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ZigBee Power Adapter(ZPA)


For electrical appliances with no control equipment uses solid state relay

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Network
Uses Mesh topology- to overcome a disconnection due to obstacles

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System Initialization/ implementation


Network initialization phase
Scans all available radio channels Assign MAC address for all devices in the network

Wi-Fi connection through ADSL modem router Home Gateway connects with ZigBee and Wi-Fi network Input to Home Gateway can be either from Wi-Fi or ZigBee network
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Conclusion
Identified the problems of existing home automation systems Solved the problem of network interoperability

A low cost ,flexible and secure system is proposed

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Reference
A ZigBee based Home Automation System
By Khusvinder Gill, Shuang-Hua Yang, Fang Yao and Xin Lu
Consumer electronics,IEEE Transactions,Vol 55,Issue 2,May 2009

Home Network Configuring Scheme for All Electric Appliances Using ZigBee-based Integrated Remote Controller
By Il-Kyu Hwang

Consumer electronics,IEEE Transactions,Vol 55,Issue 3,August 2009

ZigBee based Home Automation Wireless sensor network

By Michal Varachola Acta Electrotechnica et Informatica No. 4, Vol. 7, 2007


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THANK YOU

College of Engineering, Chengannur