Anda di halaman 1dari 56

IP BASED SURVEILLANCE CCTV SYSTEM

CCTV
Operates on closed loop basis Used for recording images on video cassettes Main function is for surveillance

TRADITIONAL CCTV SYSTEM

CAMERA

TYPES OF CCTV SYSTEM


Simple CCTV system Main powered CCTV system System with video recording Movable cameras

SIMPLE CCTV SYSTEM

MAIN POWERED CCTV SYSTEM

SYSTEM WITH VIDEO RECORDING

MOVABLE CAMERAS

SECOND GENERATION CCTV


In 1990 digital video recorder are introduced, marking evolution Has video recording in high resolution than Vcrs No need of physical change of tape It always records due to duplex recording No loss of quality

THIRD GENERATION CCTV


NETDVR-64 led to this evolution Contains both digital video recorder and switch Its 100% digital network Control of CCTV is over LAN,MAN Uses IP to create digitalized video streams

ANALYSIS OF CCTV
Lens Pan and tilt unit Video switcher Video distribution amplifier Protective housing Cooling jacket and vortex cooler

LENS
Fixed focal length available with 2.3mm to 25mm Fixed focal length is of two types auto and manual iris Variable focal lens:are available with adjustable zoom for large range of focal length. Zoom lens: three control consoles Zooming, Focus, Iris

PAN AND TILT UNIT


Has limit switches Pan: 350 degrees max Tilt: +/- 90 degrees max Speed of pan: 7 degrees/sec max Speed of tilt: 4 degrees/sec max

VIDEO SWITCHER
This switch may be mechanical, electro mechanical or fully electronics type It displays the output of selected camera on the TV monitor It is required when more than one camera is used

VIDEO DISTRIBUTION AMPLIFIER


Displays the output of single camera on several monitor (by loop tech or by video distribution amplifier) Gate way for all types of noise

PROTECTIVE HOUSING
Protect camera for high temperature,dust,vibration humidity etc. Provided with special glass that stands up to 1500c Camera, lens, power supply unit can be accommodated in the housing

COOLING JACKET AND VORTEX COOLER


Cooling jacket: one water inlet and one water outlet . Vortex cooler: one vortex cooler tube for cold air and another vortex cooler tube for compressed hot air to go out No electricity is required for this operation Used at high temperatures to protect cameras

Design of wireless CCTV system

NEED FOR WIRELESS SYSTEMS: easy to installthey avoid the Wireless systems are
expensive and time-consuming task of installing new wires in the walls of existing industry. Wireless systems enable us to take the components with you when moving to a new location. Some homeowner-installed wireless security systems can be set up to record a voice message and to call programmed numbers in the event of an alarmthis saves the cost of a professional monitoring service. Wireless sensors, motion detectors, and video cameras can often be installed in locations that are not accessible for wired equipment.

DESIGN OF WIRELESS SECURITY SURVEILLANCE SYSTEM:


Steel plant authorities are planning to extend the plant .So we have to design a wireless security surveillance system for plant 2

The requirements needed for the fencing:


It should be applicable for the night conditions Electrical fencing should be provided using solar panels.

THE GENERAL VIEW OF STEEL PLANT:

The total distance of fence is 6 km in order to cover the total distance we need 12 cameras. Since each camera covers 250 meters on each side.

Color Outdoor IR Bullet Camera


ECL-597 SPECIFICATIONS. 1/4 DSP CCD sensor Resolution 420 lines Min. illum. 0.8 lux (0 lux with IR) Auto electronic shutter Auto white balance Weatherproof 10 mm lens Anti-blooming Low smear Sunshield included Power 12 VDC / 120mA Also available with 3.6mm lens

ECL -597

12-Port Ethernet Switch (WSC2950-12-RF)

Provides wire-speed Fast Ethernet and Gigabit Ethernet connectivity. Provides intelligent services for mid-sized networks and metro access applications.

Key Features Type OSI Layer Stackable switch Interfaces Ports T/100Base-TX (RJ-45) Console Port Type Performance Switch Fabric Capacity Layer 2 Forwarding Rate MAC Address Entries

: Ethernet switch : Layer 2 : Stackable

: 12 x 10 Base-

: Serial RJ-45

: 13.6 Gbps : 1.8 Mbps : 8000

Digital video recorder


Our

16 channel systems are all capable of Real Time View/Record and are built-in DVD burner allows user to back up images in 1-hour segments selectable per camera Expandable up to 4 internal hard drives ( EDVR-F series) The 250GB HDD can store from 14 to 28 days of image data

Video Format: NTSC or PAL Display Format: 1, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 13, 16x Multiscreen, and PIP Video Inputs: 16 Camera Inputs, 1 Vp-p/75 Ohm Video Output: 16 Loop-through Video Output, 1 Vp-p at 75 Ohm, 1 BNC Composite Video Output, 1 Vp-p/75 Ohm, 1 Call Video Compression: MPEG-4

Display Resolution: 720 x 480 for NTSC, 720 x

WIRELESS TRANSMITTER AND RECEIVER:


1. Frequency : 0.9 - 2.4 GHz (4CH) 2.Transmission : Video & Audio 3.Radio power : 5000mW (MAX) 4.Range without directional antenna : 800m 5.Range with directional antenna : 1015km 6.Power supply : DC12V 7.Dim : 118*60* 35mm

Directional Antenna for Long Range Transmitter & Receiver

A directional antenna is an antenna which radiates greater power in one or more directions allowing for increased performance on transmit and receive and reduced interference from unwanted sources Directional antennas like yagi antennas provide increased performance over dipole antennas when a greater concentration of radiation in a certain direction is desired.

Design of lens
Supposing it required to recognise a known person at 50M, using a 2/3" lens, the following is the calculation. The scene height at 50M needs to be twice the standard height, 2 x 1.6=3.2M. Therefore:

Implementation

Implementation
Step 1 How to install IP camera

IP camera

Connecting power

Power adapter

IP camera

Connecting to a network

IP camera
Switch or dvr

Connecting to a dvr

Rj 45 cables

Digital video recorder

Step 2 : connect the LAN switch to wireless transmitter

Ether switch

Rj 45 cable

Transmitter

Step 3 :Connecting directional antenna

Directional antenna

Transmitter

Step 4 :Connecting LAN switch to pcs

Rj 45 cable

Receiver

LAN switch

Remote pcs

Installation of the software


Start the IP Edit software. The following screen is displayed:

1. Enter the IP address of the camera in the browser address field.

2. When the login screen appears, enter your username and password. The default username is admin, the default password is also admin.

Working of software

RADIO FREQUENCY IDENTIFICATION

RFID TAG
Its a object that can be applied or incorporated into product,object,person for identification using radio waves RFID:Integrated circuit Antenna

TYPES OF RFID TAGS


ACTIVE tag PASSIVE tag SEMI-PASSIVE tag

PASSIVE TAG

ACTIVE TAG

SEMI-PASSIVE TAG
Same as ACTIVE tags that they have their own power source Batteries powers the micro chip but donot broad cast the signal Leads to greater sensitivity than passive tag(100 times more)

HOW DOES RFID WORK

IMPLEMENTATION OF RFID TAG

APPLICATIONS
Automatic object tracking Health and medical supply security Industrial and facilities management Finance and banking

AUTOMATIC OBJECT TRACKING(PAN/TILT/ZOOM)

HEALTH AND MEDICAL SUPPLY SECURITY

Provides a high level security through high quality video surveillance and monitoring

INDUSTRIAL AND FACILITIES MANAGEMENT

24x7 security management, monitor equipment, inventory and break rooms

FINANCE AND BANKING

Latest in IP video security and monitoring

Manages problem of fraud and theft

Camera Monitoring