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Economic Documents Economic Terms Documents Systems

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Eras of Change

Principles American Civil of the War Constitution

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The economic term for growing just enough food for the immediate family to eat

What is subsistence agriculture?

Total value of all the goods and services produced by nation for the year

What is the Gross Domestic Product?

Higher standards of living Advanced technology Low birth and mortality rate High GDP High literacy rate

What are

characteristics of a developed nation?

The number which shows how many babies die in a country per one thousand babies born.

What is the infant mortality rate?

Document that begins with the words, We hold these truths to be self evident that all men are created equal.

What is the Declaration of Independence?

Document added to the Constitution in 1791 to guarantee the individual rights of citizens of the United States

What is the Bill of Rights?

This document provides us with the framework of our government

What was the U.S. Constitution?

The papers written to support the ratification of the Constitution because the Articles of Confederation were so weak that many did not feel the country could survive unless the new form of government was adopted.

What were the Federalist Papers?

The type of economic system located in many African tribes

What is a traditional economic system?

The command market system used during the Age of Exploration when European monarchs tried to acquire gold and control the trade and manufacturing of the colonial possessions they had acquired

What was mercantilism?

The USSR had this type of economic system

What was a command economic system?

Three characteristics of a free enterprise capitalist system

What are
Private property Profit Competition?

This event first occurred in Great Britain in the 1800s and allowed for new products to be created much faster.

What was the Industrial Revolution?

The Age that challenged traditional thinking, replacing it with controlled experiments and observation to explain the world and nature

What was the Scientific Revolution?

This era is defined as a time when European nations began to take over parts of Africa, Asia, and the Americas

What was the Age of Imperialism?

The name for the change begun when man began to grow his own food as well as developing more refined stone implements for tools

What was the Neolithic Revolution?

The principle in the Constitution that divides the functions of the government into legislative, executive, and judicial AND the reason for its use

What is the separation of powers and to keep one branch from having more power than the other?

This is the idea that states can cancel federal laws if they dont agree with them.

What is nullification?

What is the term that explains that the people have the supreme power and give it to those who govern?

Popular Sovereignty

The Amendment that guarantees rights not specified in the Constitution are kept by the people and can not be denied to them by the government

What is the Amendment?

th 9

Two of the major reasons the North was able to win the Civil War

What are:
1. An industrial economy 2. Resources necessary to fight a war 3. A navy 4. Larger population

He was the general of the Confederate army.

Who was Robert E. Lee?

The preview of the breakup of the Union, occurring when South Carolina threatened secession over the tariff on imports?

What was the Nullification Crisis of 1832?

The provisions of the three post Civil War Amendments to the Constitution, designed to deal with the abolition of slavery

What is the 13th Amendment which abolished slavery, the 14th which defined state and national citizenship, and the 15th which gave ex-slaves the right to vote?

The Declaration of Independence

The English philosopher and title of the work that greatly influenced Thomas Jefferson in the writing of the Declaration of Independence

Who was John Locke who wrote Two Treatises on Civil Government?