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PRESENTATION CONCEPT BASED DELIVERY

Theorem on geometry
BY Ms.Shireen mir FDC ARF KAMRA

ESSENTIAL PRIOR KNOWLEDGE


Students should have knowledge of Triangle Elements of triangle Angles Angle bisector Concept of correspondence of triangles Concept of congruency of triangles Steps to prove geometric theorems S.A.S postulate

AIM OF THE LESSON


At the end of the lesson students will be able to prove that,if two sides of a triangle are congruent,then the angles opposite to these sides are also congruent

INTRODUCTION
Q: What is a three sided close figure called? Ans: Triangle Q: What are the six basic elements of a triangle? Ans: Three sides Three angles

Contd..
What is an angle? Ans: Two rays with a common endpoint form an angle.
Q:

Q: What is an angle bisector? Ans: A line that divides an angle into two equal angles is called angle bisector.
A C O B

Contd..
Q: What are the steps to prove a theorem? Ans: (i) Statement (ii) Figure (iii) Given (iv) To prove (v) Construction (vi)Proof

Contd..

Q. What is meant by postulate? Ans: Postulate is a fundamental agreement related to a particular branch of math Q. What is meant by S.A.S postulate? Ans: If the measure of two sides and their included angle of one triangle are congruent to the corresponding sides and included angle of the other triangle.It is called S.A.S postulate

Continued.
Q. Define geometrical theorem? Ans. The theorem which can be proved with the help of the princples of geometry.

DEVELOPMENT
Concept: Theorem on geometry

DLO: The students will be able to prove that,If two sides of a triangle are congruent.Then the angles opposite to these sides are also congruent.

PROCEDURE AND TREATMENT


One of the student will be asked to read the statement of the theorem.

If two sides of a triangle are congruent, Then the angles opposite to these sides are also congruent

Contd

If two sides of a triangle are congruent,

GIVEN

Then the angles opposite to these

sides are also congruent


TO PROVE

PROCEDURE AND TREATMENT contd


Q. What is given part in the statement?
Ans: ABC in which , AB AC Q. Name the opposite angles of these congruent A sides? Ans. Angle B and Angle C Ans What is to be proved? Ans:

B C
B C

Included Angle
Name the included angle:
E

YE and ES ES and YS
Y S

E S Y

YS and YE

Sometimes we require addition in the given figure, Which is very much necessary for the proof of the theorem,this addition in the figure is called

construction

Q. What change has occurred in the figure after bisection? A Ans: (i)Triangle has divided into two triangles ABD and ACD (ii)Angle A has divided into two angles BAD, CAD
B
D

Contd..
A

Q.

What is the relation between BAD and CAD ? Ans: They are congruent Q. Why they are congruent? B Ans: Because of bisection. Q.

Which side is common in ABD and ACD? Ans: Side AD

Now the teacher will explain the proof of the theorem by taking correspondence between these two triangle,
A

D
D C

PROOF

Statement
ABD AB ACD AC

Reason
A

Given Construction Common

S A
B

BAD CAD
AD

AD

ABD

ACD

S.A.S Postulate
Corresponding angles of congruent triangles are congruent

B C

EXAMPLES FROM DAILY LIFE

EXAMPLES IN DAILY LIFE

WOW

Board summary
Geometrical Theorem

Element of Geometrical Theorem


Statement Figure Given

To Prove
Construction

Proof

BOARD SUMMARY
B C D

Statements ABD ACD AB AC BAD CAD

Reasons
Given Construction Common S.A.S Postulate Corresponding angle of congruent triangles are congruent

AD AD ABD ACD

B C

RECAPITULATION RECAPITULATION
B C D

Statements ABD ACD AB AC BAD CAD

Reasons
Given Construction Common S.A.S Postulate Corresponding angle of congruent triangles are congruent

AD AD ABD ACD

B C

If you have any confusion about the topic ,you can ask.

CONSOLIDATION
Answer the following questions for given Y XYZ in which XY XZ Q. Which angle should be bisected? X Q. After bisection what new angles are formed? Z Q. Which side is common after bisection? Q. Which postulate should be used to prove the congruency of two triangles? Q. As a result which angles will be congruent?

HOME WORK
Take an isosceles LMN and prove the same theorem Submission date: 12- 05-12

CONCLUSION
Today we have proved that,if two sides

of a triangle are congruent,then the angles opposite to these sides are also congruent ,In the next class we will prove next theorem

Thank you