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TURBINE PROTECTION SYSTEM

Turbine protection system performs to cover the following functions

Protection of the turbine from inadmissible operating conditions


In case of plant failures, protect against the subsequent damages It restricts failures to a minimum The Standard Turbine Protection consists of Mechanical-hydraulic turbine protection Electrical turbine protection

200 MW KWU TURBINE PROTECTION


ELECTRICAL PROTECTION RTS ENERGISES

TURBINE PROTECTION

MAIN TRIP VALVE OPERATES

TRIP FLUID DRAINS

ESVS AND CVS CLOSES

HYDRAULIC PROTECTION

AUXILAIRY TRIP FLUID DRAINS

200 MW KWU TURBINE ELECTRICAL PROTECTION


BOILER MFR TRIP GENERATOR PROTECTION (CLASS-A)

GENERATOR PROTECTION (CLASS-B)


DRUM LEVEL HI-HI LUB OIL PRESSURE LO-LO M.S TEMPERATURE LO-LO CONDENSER VACUUM LO-LO FIRE PROTECTION ATRS SHUT-DOWN TRIP MANUAL TRIP

MS TEMPERATURE LOW PROTECTION


MS TEMP > 510 0C

RIGHT

ESV OPEN AND TRIP OIL PR > 2 KSC

OR AND

AND

TURBINE TRIPS

MS TEMP < 480 0C

AND

LEFT

LOW VACUUM PROTECTION (ELECTRICAL)

BACK PR > 540 mmHg

BACK PR > 220 mmHg

OR AND

NOT

AND

TURBINE TRIPS

FIRE PROTECTION-1 (200 MW)


MOT LVL LO-LO FIRE PROT-1 PRESSED FIRE PROT-2 PRESSED

OR

COMMANDS

1. TURBINE TRIP 2. ENERGISE SOLENOID 1 & 2 OF OIL SHUT-OFF VALVE

R
3 SEC

S
GEB CB OPEN

AND
COMMANDS VACUUM BKR OPEN TRIP OIL PR < 5 KSC

AND

S
FIRE PROT-2 FAULT

R
OR 10 SEC

ESVS CLOSED
ALARM FIRE PROT CH-1 NOT COMPLETE

FIRE PROTECTION-2 (200 MW)


FIRE PROT-2 SWITCH PRESSED 1. SGC OIL SUPPLY OFF 2. SLC AOP-1 OFF 3. SLC AOP-2 OFF 4. SLC EOP ON 5. SLC JOP-1 OFF 6. SLC JOP-2 OFF 7. SLC TURNING GEAR OFF 8. AOP-1 PROT 0FF 9. AOP-2 PROT OFF 10. JOP-1 PROT OFF 11. JOP-2 PROT ON

COMMANDS 1. SGC OIL SUPPLY OFF 2. SLC AOP-1 OFF 3. SLC AOP-2 OFF 4. SLC EOP ON 5. SLC JOP-1 OFF 6. SLC JOP-2 OFF 7. SLC TURNING GEAR OFF 8. AOP-1 0FF 9. AOP-2 OFF 10. JOP-1 OR JOP-2 ON 11. TRIP OIL PR < 5 KSC

AND

R
FIRE PROT-2 FAULT

FIRE PROTECTION-1
Operation: Manual & Auto Turbine trips

FIRE PROTECTION-2
Operation: Manual Turbine trips

Solenoids 1 & 2 of oil shut- off Solenoids 1 & 2 of oil shut- off valve energises, shut off valve closes valve energises, shut off valve and oil from the governing rack closes and oil from the governing drains rack drains Condenser vacuum breaker opens Condenser opens vacuum breaker

AOP, JOP takes auto start, Gate SGC OIL goes off, AOPs will not valve gearing opens and machine take start, JOP-2 & EOP takes comes to barring |gear start, Gate valve gearing will not open and machine will not come on Barring gear

HYDRAULIC PROTECTION
OVER SPEED TRIP DEVICE
THRUST BEARING TRIP DEVICE LOW VACUUM TRIP DEVICE MAUAL TRIPPING TROUGH TURBINE TRIP GEAR

OVER SPEED TRIP DEVICE

THRUST BEARING TRIP DEVICE

LOW VACUUM TRIP DEVICE