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The First Wealth is Health

~Ralph Waldo Emerson

An Invitation to Health and Wellness

Health and Wellness


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Health: Not merely the absence of disease or infirmity but a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being ~WHO Wellness includes all the elements of health and implies there are different levels of health in each category that combine to create wellness

Dimensions of Health
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Physical Health Social Health Mental Health Occupational Health Emotional Health Environmental Health Spiritual Health

ACTIVITY
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Working with the people around you, write, in your own words, how you would define each dimension of health:
Physical Social Emotional Spiritual Environmental Intellectual Occupational

Dimensions of Health Cont


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Physical Health
Includes physical characteristics such as body size and shape, sensory acuity, susceptibility to disease and disorders, body functioning, and recuperative ability

Social Health
Refers to the ability to have satisfying interpersonal relationships, interact with others, and adapt to various social situations and to daily behaviours

Dimensions of Health Cont


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Mental Health
Refers to the ability to think clearly, reason objectively, analyze critically, and use brain power effectively to meet lifes challenges. It means learning from successes and failures and making responsible decisions.

Occupational Health
Refers to the personal satisfaction people get from their careers or stages of career development. It also involves maintaining a satisfying balance between work and leisure.

Dimensions of Health Cont


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Emotional Health
Refers to the feeling component and the ability to express emotions when appropriate and control inappropriate expressions of emotion. Feelings of selfesteem, self-confidence, self-efficacy, trust, and love are included here.

Dimensions of Health Cont


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Environmental Health
Refers to an appreciation of the external environment and the role individuals play in preserving, protecting, and improving environmental conditions. Environmental health can include the students personal study environment.

Dimensions of Health Cont


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Spiritual Health
Refers to a feeling of unity with the environment- a feeling of oneness with others and with nature- and a guiding sense of meaning or value in life.

Health Promotion
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Combines educational, organizational, policy, financial, and environmental supports to help people change negative health behaviours Health promotion enhances the likelihood that, once a person decides to change a behaviour, conditions are optimal for success

Health Promotion Example


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Goal: Lose weight and eat better Educational supports- help them learn more Organizational supports- provide programs and services that encourage them to participate Environmental supports- establish rules governing their attitudes and behaviours and supporting their decisions to change Financial supports- provide monetary incentives to motivate them toward healthful decision making

Prevention
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Prevention means taking positive actions now to avoid becoming sick or less well later Primary Prevention- actions designed to keep you from getting sick or less well Secondary Prevention- intervention early in the development of a health problem to reduce symptoms or to halt its progression Tertiary Prevention*- treatment or rehabilitation efforts aimed at limiting the effects of the disease
* more costly and least effective in promoting health then any other
method

How do Healthy Choices Help?


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Improved quality of life Greater energy levels and increased capacity for and interest in having fun A stronger immune system Improved self-confidence, self-concept and self-esteem, and self-efficacy Improved ability to control and manage stress Improved cardiovascular functioning Enhanced environmental sensitivity, responsibility, and behaviours

Goal Setting

Goal-Setting and Behaviour Change


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Goal setting is a critical part of the behaviour-change process Creating realistic short- and long-term goals provides a target for your efforts

Short-term vs. Long-term Goals


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Short-term Goal
Something you believe you can achieve in a relatively short period of time ie. 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, 1 year

Long-term Goal
May have several short-term goals that work together to help ensure the success of a long-term goal

What elements does a goal need to include to make it a Good Goal?

SuPeR SMART
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S - Self-Controllable P - Public R - Rewards S - Specific M - Measureable A - Adjustable R - Realistic T - Time-Based

SuPeR SMART
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Self-Controllable
The goals you set must be in your control

Public
Make your goal visible as a constant reminder of what you are trying to achieve, for both you and others

Rewards
Reward yourself for accomplishments to help yourself stay motivated and stay on track These should not be counterprodutive

SuPeR SMART
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Specific
Goals should be clear and precise

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Measurable Adjustable
Life can be unpredictable and its okay not to reach them as long as you get back on track

SuPeR SMART
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Realistic
Factors affecting the realism of a goal: financial, environmental, physical, and emotional situations

Time-Based
Goal should include a specific date or time frame for achievement Creates accountability for your choices and actions

Jens Goal
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I am going to go to the gym 3 times per week at 8am.


I am going to go to the gym 3 times per week, doing cardio for 30 minutes and strengthening activities for 30 minutes. If Im successful by the end of 1 month Ill buy myself new boots.

SelfControllable s Public s Rewards s Specific s Measureable s Adjustable s Realistic s Time-Based


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