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Consumer Behaviour by Karen Webb

This is the textbook for your course. This textbook can be purchased from your campus bookshop.
ISBN 0074713434

Copyright 2005 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Consumer Behaviour by Karen Webb Slides prepared by Sarah Fletcher and Morena Dobrowolski

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INTRODUCTION
Copyright 2005 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Consumer Behaviour by Karen Webb Slides prepared by Sarah Fletcher and Morena Dobrowolski

Introduction to consumer behaviour


At the end of this session, you should understand:

The various approaches to studying buyer behaviour The role of marketing organisations The nature of buyer and consumer behaviour The differences between organisational and consumer buying The impact of technology on buying behaviour and consumption in Australia The factors influencing buying behaviour

Copyright 2005 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Consumer Behaviour by Karen Webb Slides prepared by Sarah Fletcher and Morena Dobrowolski

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You the consumer!


Discuss with a partner:

One product or service that you bought recently? Why did you buy it? What particular personal factor/s influenced your purchase decision? Did any marketing messages or activities influence your decision? Do you think that the purchase may have been different for someone else? If so, how?

Copyright 2005 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Consumer Behaviour by Karen Webb Slides prepared by Sarah Fletcher and Morena Dobrowolski

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Consumer behaviour & organisational buying behaviour


Consumer behaviour of the individual

Consumer behaviour is the behaviour of individuals in their quest to satisfy needs Products and services are acquired to satisfy these personal consumption needs

Organisational behaviour of the business or

organisation

Organisational behaviour is determined by both the needs of the organisation and the needs of the individual or group responsible for buying Needs to be satisfied relate to the purchasing of products and services for resale, use in production, or other business purposes

Copyright 2005 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Consumer Behaviour by Karen Webb Slides prepared by Sarah Fletcher and Morena Dobrowolski

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Marketing and buying behaviour

Do marketers create needs or respond to them?

Marketers suggest that they recognise needs and appeal to them They may present a stimulus that allows the consumer to recognise the need

See EXHIBIT 1.1 Sydney Water ran this advertisement to encourage behavioural change, page 9.

PowerPoint slides supplied on the Instructor Resource CD to accompany Consumer Behaviour include advertisement images.

Copyright 2005 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Consumer Behaviour by Karen Webb Slides prepared by Sarah Fletcher and Morena Dobrowolski

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Marketing and buying behaviour

Buying behaviour includes: the recognition of a problem (need to be met) search for information consideration of alternatives purchase, consumption, disposal ongoing evaluation of all thoughts and activities throughout this process Marketers must be aware of the buying process and consumer influences to be effective in understanding, appealing to, and meeting consumer needs Marketers also aim to create value in the mind of the consumer by understanding what the consumer values

Copyright 2005 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Consumer Behaviour by Karen Webb Slides prepared by Sarah Fletcher and Morena Dobrowolski

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The consumption process

Copyright 2005 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Consumer Behaviour by Karen Webb Slides prepared by Sarah Fletcher and Morena Dobrowolski

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Approaches to understanding buying behaviour


Behaviourism

Emphasises experimentation involving observable, measurable responses to stimuli Marketing strategies try to influence the way consumers feel about product/service to encourage positive responses Emphasis is on the role of information processing, thinking and reasoning Marketers apply this primarily to brand recognition and attitude formation

Cognitive theory

Copyright 2005 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Consumer Behaviour by Karen Webb Slides prepared by Sarah Fletcher and Morena Dobrowolski

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Evolution of marketing
Production focus

Selling focus
Marketing focus Societal focus

Copyright 2005 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Consumer Behaviour by Karen Webb Slides prepared by Sarah Fletcher and Morena Dobrowolski

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The marketing concept


An organisation aims alls its efforts in a

coordinated and integrated manner, simultaneously satisfying its customers and achieving it own corporate goals
(Quester et al. 2001)

Copyright 2005 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Consumer Behaviour by Karen Webb Slides prepared by Sarah Fletcher and Morena Dobrowolski

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Market segmentation
Market segments - consumers grouped according

to their similar needs and characteristics


Target market - preferred segment based on ability

to meet the needs of this group and achieve organisational goals


Different strategies and different combinations of

mix elements (product, price, place, promotion) are often developed for the various target markets
Copyright 2005 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Consumer Behaviour by Karen Webb Slides prepared by Sarah Fletcher and Morena Dobrowolski 1-12

Market segmentation
See EXHIBIT 1.3 Lexuss luxury sports vehicle and EXHIBIT 1.4 Volvo is well known for safety, page 11.

PowerPoint slides supplied on the Instructor Resource CD to accompany Consumer Behaviour include advertisement images.

Copyright 2005 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Consumer Behaviour by Karen Webb Slides prepared by Sarah Fletcher and Morena Dobrowolski

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Positioning
How consumers perceive your product in

relation to others in the market


Achieved through understanding the consumer

and applying relevant strategies to the marketing mix elements

Copyright 2005 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Consumer Behaviour by Karen Webb Slides prepared by Sarah Fletcher and Morena Dobrowolski

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The marketing mix product, price, place, promotion


A group of four critical elements and decision

areas that reflect the markets perception of the organisations product or service
The elements combine to present the

organisations efforts to the market - its efforts to satisfy the needs of the target market

Copyright 2005 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Consumer Behaviour by Karen Webb Slides prepared by Sarah Fletcher and Morena Dobrowolski

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The marketing mix - product


The product mix

Combinations of tangible (can be seen or touched) and intangible (cannot be seen or touched, i.e. branding) characteristics of the organisations offering to the consumer Includes services which are mostly intangible Branding, image, packaging, storage or containment, labeling, sizes, assortments, variety, range, usage situations and quality are some of the product mix decision areas

Copyright 2005 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Consumer Behaviour by Karen Webb Slides prepared by Sarah Fletcher and Morena Dobrowolski

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The marketing mix - price


Price

Is determined by product value in the marketplace, demand, input costs, competitors, and other strategies, such as introducing a new product, discounting or distributor allowances Is set in order to achieve organisational objectives, such as market share or profit

Copyright 2005 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Consumer Behaviour by Karen Webb Slides prepared by Sarah Fletcher and Morena Dobrowolski

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The marketing mix - distribution


Distribution (Place)

The complex process that allows the consumer to gain access to the offering May include type and appearance of retail outlet, use of agents, transport, logistics, intermediaries and decisions about intensity of distribution (exclusive, selective, intensive)

Copyright 2005 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Consumer Behaviour by Karen Webb Slides prepared by Sarah Fletcher and Morena Dobrowolski

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The marketing mix - promotion


Marketing communication

The careful planning and strategic placement of marketing messages Goals for communication include informing, reminding, persuading the target consumer about the organisations offering Integrated marketing communications can include advertising, public relations, personal selling, direct marketing and sponsorship Promotions may be created using combinations of visuals, sound or other experiences, such as product trial Promotions must be developed with an understanding of the consumer and the integrated mix effort

Copyright 2005 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Consumer Behaviour by Karen Webb Slides prepared by Sarah Fletcher and Morena Dobrowolski

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Consumer behaviour and marketing research

Research is an important tool in determining consumer behaviour and the factors influencing behaviour Well known research agencies include:

Roy Morgan Research AC Nielsen Colmar Brunton

www.roymorgan.com.au www.acnielsen.com.au www.cbr.com.au

Other sources include:

The Australian Bureau of Statistics www.abs.gov.au News poll www.newspoll.com.au/company_profile_7a.html

The Market Research Society of Australia (MRSA) monitors the marketing research industry and its interests
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Copyright 2005 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Consumer Behaviour by Karen Webb Slides prepared by Sarah Fletcher and Morena Dobrowolski

Quantitative research

Copyright 2005 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Consumer Behaviour by Karen Webb Slides prepared by Sarah Fletcher and Morena Dobrowolski

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Qualitative research

Copyright 2005 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Consumer Behaviour by Karen Webb Slides prepared by Sarah Fletcher and Morena Dobrowolski

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Technology and buyer behaviour


Reliance on technology 24-hour shopping Online buying Entertainment Obsolescence Changing mediums for promotion, distribution Changing the way we live and consume Marketers use database marketing, relationship opportunities, monitoring of consumption patterns, needs and wants, research, store layout and product offerings, and maintain an awareness of new technology and its impact

Copyright 2005 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Consumer Behaviour by Karen Webb Slides prepared by Sarah Fletcher and Morena Dobrowolski

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A model of consumer behaviour

Copyright 2005 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Consumer Behaviour by Karen Webb Slides prepared by Sarah Fletcher and Morena Dobrowolski

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