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Istilah report text sering juga dikenal dengan sebutan informational report. Report, dalam Concise Oxford Dictionary Edisi 10, diartikan sebagai 1) an account given of a matter after investigation or consideration. 2) a piece of information about an event or situation. Jika disimpulkan, secara bahasa report text adalah teks yang berfungsi untuk memberikan informasi tentang suatu peristiwa atau situasi, setelah diadakannya investigasi dan melalui berbagai pertimbangan.

Definisi report text ini juga hampir mirip dengan apa yang sering disebutkan dalam berbagai buku bahasa Inggris di tingkat menengah, "Report is a text which present information about something, as it is. It is as a result of systematic observation and analyses." [Report adalah sebuah teks yang menghadirkan informasi tentang suatu hal dengan apa adanya. Teks ini adalah sebagai hasil dari observasi dan analisa secara sistematis.

Seperti halnya dengan descriptive text, Report text juga hanya memiliki dua struktur umum [generic structure] yaitu : General Clasification; Pernyataan umum yang menerangkan subjek laporan, keterangan, dan klasifikasinya. Description: tells what the phenomenon under discussion ; in terms of parts, qualities, habits or behaviors; Pada bagian ini biasanya memberikan gambaran fenomena-fenomena yang terjadi; baik bagian-bagiannya, sifat-sifatnya, kebiasaannya, ataupun tingkah lakunya. Intinya adalah penjabaran dari klasifikasi yang disajikan dengan ilmiah. Ada juga beberapa keterangan mengenai generic structure report text, yang meliputi : General information Bundles of Specific Information

Beberapa pakar menyebutkan bahwa tujuan teks report adalah : Its social purpose is presenting information about something. They generally describe an entire class of things, whether natural or made: mammals, the planets, rocks, plants, countries of region, culture, transportation, and so on. Jika disimpulkan, tujuan report text adalah untuk menyampaikan informasi hasil pengamatan dan analisa yang sistematis. Informasi yang dijelaskan dalam report text biasanya bersifat umum, baik itu alamiah ataupun buata seperti binatang mamalia, planet, bebatuan, tumbuh-tumbuhan, negara bagian, budaya, transportasi, dan lain sebagainya.

Setiap tulisan pasti memiliki ciri bahasa tersendiri; jika recount text dan narrative text cenderung memiliki ciri menggunakan simple past, lalu bagaimana dengan report text? Oke berikut adalah pola grammar yang umum digunakan dalam teks report, yang meliputi : Use of general nouns, eg hunting dogs, rather than particular nouns, eg our dog;

Use of relating verbs to describe features, eg Molecules are tiny particles; Some use of action verbs when describing behaviour, eg Emus cannot fly; Use of timeless present tense to indicate usualness, eg Tropical cyclones always begin over the sea; Use of technical terms, eg Isobars are lines drawn on a weather map; Use of paragraphs with topic sentences to organise bundles of information; repeated naming of the topic as the beginning focus of the clause.

Thanksgiving or Thanksgiving Day is a celebration of harvest, thankfulness for peace, and the attempt of Native Americans. It is usually celebrated in late autumn. In the past, Thanksgiving was celebrated for their rich harvest in New England. In North America, however, it was originally held to thank God for their survival in the new land which was not easy for them. However, in Canada, it had been celebrated as in New England. Thanksgiving now is celebrated in United States of America and in Canada. Thanksgiving festivals are held every fourth Thursday of November in the U.S and on the second Monday of October in Canada. It is usually celebrated in four to five days in the North America and for three days in Canada.It is celebrated through families and friends gathering to eat and give good luck. Turkey is the main dish in the thanksgiving dinner. Thanksgiving parades are also usually held. In Thanksgiving homes are decorated with wreaths, fresh and dried flowers. Lamps are lighted to brighten the environment. Tables are decorated with best china and antique silver dishes to mark the occasion

Elephants: The Amazing Animals Elephants are the largest land animals on earth. They have the largest brains of any mammal. Elephants talk to each other. Researchers have discovered more than 50 different types of calls that they use to communicate with each other. Their trunks are strong enough to pick up trees but sensitive enough to pick up flowers They use them as tools to sweep paths, to scratch themselves, to swat flies, and to draw in the dir They are good swimmers and use their trunks like snorkels. They live together in family groups. They help each other when in trouble. They join together to care for and rescue their young. Comprehension questions 1. What does the text tell us about? a. amazing animal b. elephants c. researchers 2. What is the main idea of the paragraph? a. Elephants have largest brain

3.

The elephants part of the body that is described in the text a. head c. tusk b. ears d. trunks 4. Which of the following descriptions is not correct? a. Elephants cant take flowers. b. They can communicate well with their babies. c. They are cooperative among others. 5. How do they sweep paths? They use a. its feet c. its trunks b. its head d. its brain

Gerund adalah kata kerja bentuk ING, atau biasa disebut Verb_ING. Dalam bahasa Inggris, memang ada beberapa kata kerja yang selalu diikuti oleh Gerundini. Namun, untuk masuk kesana, saya akan memulainya dari topik Verbs as Complement.

Verbs as Complement (Kata Kerja sebagai Pelengkap) Tidak jarang, kalimat-kalimat kita, mengandung lebih dari satu kata kerja. Artinya, yang berfungsi sebagai pelengkap dari kalimat kita adalah kata kerja. Seperti, misalnya saya akan berusaha (1) untuk bekerja keras (2), kawan sayamemutuskan (1) untuk menikah (2) bulan depan, adikku berhenti (1)menangis (2) ketika ibu datang, saya tak tahan (1)untuk jatuh cinta (2) denganmu, dll

1. Agree (setuju) 2. Attemp (berusaha/mencoba) 3. Claim (menuntut/menyatakan) 4. Decide (memutuskan) 5. Desire (menginginkan) 6. Fail (gagal) 7. Forget (lupa/melupakan) 8. Hesitate (merasa ragu/bimbang) 9. Hope (berharap) 10. Intend (bermaksud)

11. Learn (belajar) 12. Need (membutuhkan/memerlukan) 13. Plan (berencana) 14. Prepare (mempersiapkan) 15. Pretend (berpura-pura) 16. Refuse (menolak) 17. Seem (kelihatan) 18. Tend (cenderung) 19. Want (ingin) 20. Wish (berharap)

His mother agrees to send him abroad (ibunya setuju untuk mengirimnya ke luar negeri I am sorry, I forgot to call you yesterday. The president is preparing to begin the meeting She learned to cook, when she was a little

1. Admit (menerima/mengijinkan/men gakui) 2. Avoid (menghindari) 3. Appreciate (menghargai) 4. Cant help (tak tahan) 5. Consider (mempertimbangkan) 6. Deny (mengingkari) 7. Finish (menyelesaikan) 8. Mind (keberatan)

9. Practice (berlatih) 10. Postpone (menunda) 11. Quit (meninggalkan) 12. Recall (mengingat/memanggil kembali) 13. Resist (melawan/menentang/menahan) 14. Resume (memulai lagi/meneruskan/menempati lagi) 15. Risk (mempertaruhkan/mengambil risiko) 16. Suggest (menyarankan/mengusulkan)

I suggest you memorizing these words He risks fighting with the fire I am considering buying a new house, because its a good investment She finished telephoning when I came He admitted not cheating on the exam (negative form) I cant help falling in love with you