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Alan Brinkley, American History 14/e

Chapter 1: The Collision of Cultures

Highlights
America before Columbus Europe Looks Westward The Arrival of the English

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America before Columbus

The Peoples of the Precontact Americas


The Clovis People Archaeologists and Population Diversity The Archaic Period

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America before Columbus

North American Migrations


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America before Columbus

How the Early North Americans Lived


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America before Columbus

The Growth of Civilizations: The South


Incas Mayas Mexica

The Mayan pyramid of Kukulkan


(Royalty-Free/CORBIS)

2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

America before Columbus

The Civilizations of the North


Complex and Varied Civilizations
Hunting, gathering, fishing Cahokia

Mobile Societies

Tribal Cultures
Agricultural Revolution
Gender roles
Iroquois women
(Library of Congress)
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Europe Looks Westward

Commerce and Nationalism


A Reawakening of Commerce Centralized Nation-States Prince Henry the Navigator

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Europe Looks Westward

Marco Polo leaves for the Far East


(Bibliothque Nationale de France)

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Europe Looks Westward

Christopher Columbus
Columbuss First Voyage Religious Motives for Exploration Ferdinand Magellan

Christopher Columbus
(Library of Congress)

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Europe Looks Westward

European Exploration and Conquest, 1492-1583


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Europe Looks Westward

The Conquistadores
Corts Conquers the Aztecs Brutality and Greed

Spanish America
Ordinances of Discovery Catholic Missions

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Europe Looks Westward

Spanish America
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Europe Looks Westward

Northern Outposts
St. Augustine (1565) Santa Fe (1609) Pueblo Revolt of 1680
Assimilation and accommodation
Pueblo Ruins in New Mexico
(CORBIS/Royalty-Free)

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Europe Looks Westward

Mexico, California, and Florida, 1600


(Royalty-Free/CORBIS)

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Europe Looks Westward

De Soto in North America


(Rare Books Division, Library of Congress)

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Europe Looks Westward

The Empire at High Tide


Spains Vast Empire Rigid Royal Control A Collision of Cultures

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Europe Looks Westward

Biological and Cultural Exchanges


Increasing Levels of Exchange Demographic Catastrophe Deliberate Subjugation and Extermination New Crops and Agricultural Techniques A Complex Racial Hierarchy Varied Labor Systems

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Europe Looks Westward

Africa and America


Ghana and Mali Benin, Congo and Songhay Matrilineal Societies Growth of the African Slave Trade

1633 map of Atlantic


(Royalty-Free/CORBIS)

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Europe Looks Westward

Europe and West Africa in the Fifteenth Century


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The Arrival of the English


John Cabot

The Commercial Incentive


The Enclosure Movement Chartered Companies Mercantilism Richard Hakluyts Argument for Colonies

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The Arrival of the English

The Religious Incentive


Doctrine of Predestination The English Reformation Puritan Separatists Puritan Discontent

John Calvin
(Portrait Gallery)

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The Arrival of the English

The English in Ireland


Subjugation of Ireland The Plantation Model

The French and the Dutch in America


Coureurs de Bois Henry Hudson New Amsterdam

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The Arrival of the English

The First English Settlements


The Spanish Armada Gilberts Expedition to Newfoundland

Roanoke
The First Roanoke Colony New Colonial Charters

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