Anda di halaman 1dari 67

C.O.S.H.H.

C.O.S.H.H.
Control of substances Hazardous to Health Version 1 2003/4

Highfield.co.uk Ltd 2003/4


www.highfield.co.uk - www.foodsafetytrainers.co.uk

Highfield .co.uk Ltd, Vue Pointe, Spinney Hill, Sprotbrough, Doncaster, DN5 7LY U.K.

Tel: 01302 391999


All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written permission from Highfield Publications. This publication is sold subject to the condition that it shall not, by any way of trade or otherwise, be lent, re-sold, hired out or otherwise circulated without the prior consent of Highfield.co.uk Ltd.

Export Award Winner

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Objectives

To provide an understanding of the principles of COSHH and to apply that knowledge To reduce the chance of injury to themselves or others To pass the test To be informative and enjoyable
2 Pause Prev Next

C.O.S.H.H.

The general duties

Employers Employees Manufacturers and suppliers of hazardous substances Self employment Occupiers of buildings in which persons work

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Class Question

Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regs 2002 1 Please list what the outcome of hazardous substances could be 2 What could the result of insufficient control of hazardous substances be?

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Hazardous substances (COSHH)

Results of misuse of hazardous substances Death Serious injury Loss of earnings Loss of production Prosecutions Civil action

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Duties under the act

Employers
How does COSHH apply Preventative and protective measures Instigate controls Competent person(s) Plans and procedures Information, training and instruction Employees to understand Safe systems of work Welfare facilities

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Duties under the act

Employees must
Follow COSHH assessment requirements Control procedures Training requirements Use PPE Look after PPE Report defects in PPE Report shortfall in PPE

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Duties under the act

Manufacturers
Provide information Provide hazard classification Provide Data Sheet

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Duties under the act

Self Employed
Have the responsibilities of employers employees

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Duties under the act

Occupiers of premises
COSHH requirements COSHH assessments COSHH responsibilities

10

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

COSHH assessment

Hazard Risk

Potential to cause harm

The chance of harm Its use or misuse The work being done

Substance Exposure

11

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Hazards & risks

High Risk

Medium

Low Risk

The Hazard

No Risk

12

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

COSHH ASSESSMENT

Exercise

Identification of hazardous substances, calculation of risk and reduction of risk in your workplace

Please complete the risk assessment form


Hazards Who and How Evaluate risk Evaluate existing precautions Improve where appropriate

13

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Highfield risk assessment

Step 1
Hazard
Look only for hazards you could reasonably expect to result in significant harm under the conditions in your workplace. Use the following examples as a guide Slipping/tripping hazards (floors or stairs etc) Fire (eg flammable material) Vehicles Electricity Dust Fumes Manual handling Noise Poor lighting Low temperature

Step 2
Who might be harmed?
Think about groups of people Use abbreviations where possible, examples below.

General staff Office Staff Residents Visitors Contractors Cleaners Inexperienced staff etc

Chemicals (cleaning materials) Moving parts of machinery Working at height

14

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Highfield risk assessment

Step 3
Evaluate risk
Do existing precautions adequately control risk

Step 4
What more can you do to ensure the risk is outlined is reasonably controlled?
Give priority to those risks which could affect large numbers of people or could result in serious harm.
Apply the following principles in the same order if possible: Remove the risk completely Substitute Try a less risky option Prevent access to hazard Reduce exposure Provide PPE Provide welfare facilities

Meet legal requirements Comply with accepted standards Represent good practice Reduce risk so far as is practicable

Have you provided: Adequate information Adequate instruction

Suitable training
Adequate systems Adequate procedures

15

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Highfield risk assessment

Step 1
Hazard
Look for hazards you could reasonably expect to result in significant harm: List below

Step 2
Who might be harmed?
Think about groups of people

Step 3
Evaluate risk
Do existing precautions adequately control risk

Step 4
Additional
What more can you do to ensure the risk outlined is reasonably controlled.

16

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

The requirements of COSHH

Identification

Use Where used


Who comes into contact How Likelihood Seriousness

Identify who is at risk Quantify the risk

17

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Hazardous Substances

Solid

Liquid Gas Dust

Fume
Vapour

Micro-organism
18 Pause Prev Next

C.O.S.H.H.

List Hazardous Substances

Cleaning fluids (toxic)

Bleach Dish washer fluid


Disinfectants Caustic soda Oven cleaner Bacteria Flour dust

Chlorine Carcinogens.
19 Pause Prev Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Routes of entry to the body

Routes Ingestion Absorption Inhalation Injection

20

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Specific dangers from hazardous substances (COSHH)

Hazards from Poisoning Skin problems Breathing problems Cancer Infectious disease

21

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Hazardous substances

Corrosive Toxic Irritant Explosive Oxidising Extremely flammable Highly flammable Flammable Radioactive Narcotic Carcinogenic Cryogenic Mutagenic Tetragenic
22 Pause Prev Next

C.O.S.H.H.

The 8 steps to COSHH assessment

1 Assess the risks 2 Precautions needed 3 Prevent or adequately control exposure 4 Control measures are used and maintained 5 Monitor the exposure 6 Health surveillance 7 Prepare plans and procedures 8 Informed, trained and supervised

23

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Assess the risks


STEP 1

Type of substance Amount of substance Consider the risks Dusty Solids Volatile liquids Who is at risk When would they be exposed Route of entry Assessment responsibilities Employer Safety representatives
24 Pause Prev Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Decide who might be harmed and how


STEP 2

Staff Children Cleaners Contractors Disabled people Machine operators Inexperienced Staff Maintenance staff Lone workers Office staff Visitors Public
25 Pause Prev Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Evaluate the risk

?
Do they

Are existing precautions satisfactory if not can they be improved?

STEP 2

Reduce the risk Comply with the law Represent good practice Meet the requirements or standards

26

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Evaluate the risk

Are existing precautions satisfactory if not can they be improved?

STEP 2

Have the staff been

Trained Given information Given procedures Advised about risk assessments Provided with PPE

27

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Record the findings

Legal requirement if more than five employees

STEP 2

28

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Review and revise if necessary

STEP 2

It is not the job of the enforcement officer to carry out your COSHH assessments

Review Regularly If changes occur If accident or near miss Revise If changes occur If accident or near miss when appropriate
29 Pause Prev Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Prevent or adequately control exposure


STEP 3

How can risk be reduced What order do we consider controls

Group exercise
What controls would you put in place and in what order, to limit accidents by staff, using bleach to disinfect the toilets throughout a factory complex.

30

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Hierarchy occupational health problems


STEP 3

Elimination
Substitution
Alternative form
Enclosure etc
Isolation
31 Pause Prev Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Hierarchy occupational health problems


STEP 3

Ventilation
Time Control
Training
Personal Protective Equipment
Welfare/First Aid

32

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Prevention and Control Strategies


STEP 3

Ventilation systems
Infiltration Natural Mechanical

Local Exhaust Ventilation (LEV) systems


Receptor Captor systems

Dilution ventilation Personal Protective Equipment


33 Pause Prev Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Personal protective equipment (PPE) and COSHH


STEP 3

Personal Protective Equipment at Work Regs 1992 Last resort following risk assessment Definition of PPE Helmet Gloves Goggles Footwear Respirator Mask Waterproof clothing

34

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

PPE considerations
STEP 3

Adequate Adjustable Not affect the task Not affect health Compatibility Comfort British Standard

35

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Use and Maintenance of Control Measures


STEP 4

Ensure employees Use controls Report defects Maintain controls Examine equipment

Test equipment

36

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Monitor exposure
STEP 5

Monitoring exposure methodology


Air samples in certain circumstances Records maintained for 5 years Individual monitoring records 40 years
Occupational Exposure Standard (OES)
Maximum exposure limits (MEL)
37 Pause Prev Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Health surveillance
STEP 6

Legal Requirements

Employees exposed (COSHH SCH 6)) Specific work activity Individual susceptibility Early warnings Identifiable disease Adverse health effect Reasonable likelihood Valid detecting techniques Transfer to at risk job
38 Pause Prev Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Emergencies
STEP 7

Dealing with Emergencies Planned response Communication First aid Emergency services Contingency measures Safety drills Evacuation procedures

39

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Instruction, supervision and training


STEP 8

Requirements Names of substances Risk assessment findings Precautions required Use of PPE Previous training Management training Special needs Results of exposure Problem reporting Emergency procedures Training records

40

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Management responsibilities

Management have a following responsibilities


Ensure workers adhere to the requirements It is not sufficient to tell people what to do Ensure that all staff adheres to the instructions

Ensure that equipment is maintained in safe condition


All safe systems of work must be continually monitored and amended as necessary

41

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

COSHH Key points

Considerations
Decide on precautions Prevent or control exposure Is PPE required? Control measures in use Exposure monitoring Health surveillance Suitable training Correct instruction Appropriate supervision Recording Reviewing
42 Pause Prev Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Warning signs

Corrosive Flammable Explosive Toxic Irritant Dangerous for environment Biohazard Radiation General danger

43

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

RIDDOR when to report

Accident connected with work Employees etc.

A death or major injury


A death or admittance to hospital

Member of public

Without delay F2508 within 10 days

44

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

RIDDOR notifiable diseases

Employee Work related disease F2508A Diseases include Certain poisons Some skin diseases Some lung diseases Certain infections Other conditions
45 Pause Prev Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Local authority enforcement

Office activities Retail or wholesale Warehousing Hotel & catering Sports & leisure Launderettes

46

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Local authority enforcement

Places of worship, church halls etc. Pre-school child carers Mobile vending Residential accommodation excluding nursing homes

47

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

HSE enforcement

Factories Local Authority premises Crown premises Construction work Railway undertakings Dry-cleaning Radio, T.V. and vehicle repairs All other types of business

Jack Ofalltrades

BUILDERS
& Television Repairs
& Dry Cleaners

48

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Enforcement powers

Entry Investigate Take samples Take photographs Ask questions Serve improvement notices Serve prohibition notices Seize and destroy Advise Safety Representative
49 Pause Prev Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Penalties

A. Magistrates court
Maximum fine 20,000

B. Crown Court
Unlimited fine Maximum 2 years in prison

C. 500 per day

50

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Thank you for attending this course

The things to do now are:

To put into practice what you have learned To develop competency in your work activities To pass the examination

2
3

51

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Awareness test

1) What does toxic mean?


a) Poisonous b) Irritant c) Corrosive

52

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Awareness test

2) What colour is a sign that warns of danger?


a) Red b) Blue c) Yellow

53

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Awareness test

3) Who is responsible for providing personal protective equipment?


a) Owner of the premises b) Individual staff member c) Employer

54

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Awareness test

4) What should you not do with chemicals?


a) Mix chemicals b) Add chemicals to water c) Add water to chemicals

55

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Awareness test

5) What is most important to do before you use a chemical for the first time?
a) Read the label b) Look at the COSHH assessment c) Ask your colleague what you should do

56

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Awareness test

6) What should you do if you swallow chemicals?


a) Make yourself vomit immediately b) Follow instructions on the label c) Go to the rest room and lay down

57

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Awareness test

7) Who originally provides the data sheets?


a) Factory manufacturer b) Head office c) Chemical company

58

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Awareness test

8) What do you consider first following a COSHH assessment?


a) Can the chemical be substituted b) PPE that should be worn c) Provide additional training

59

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Awareness test

9) What does inflammable mean?


a) Something that will not burn b) Something that is non-flammable c) Some that burns

60

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Awareness test

10) The best way of dealing with a chemical that gives off a dangerous gas?
a) Provide mechanical ventilation b) Provide breathing apparatus c) Substitute the chemical for a safer one

61

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Awareness test

11) Who is ultimately responsible for the use of a hazardous substance?


a) Employer b) Safety representative c) Management

62

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Awareness test

12) The best way of dealing with a heavily soiled area is:
a) Double the concentration of the chemical b) Treble the concentration of the chemical c) Increase the physical energy applied

63

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Awareness test

13) Who is required to have COSHH training?


a) All staff b) Kitchen staff only c) Managers and supervisors

64

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Awareness test

14) What does COSHH stand for?


a) Chemicals of Specialty High Hazard b) Control of Substances Hazardous to Health c) Chemicals of Serious Hazards to Humans

65

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Awareness test

15) The wearing of goggles is necessary when?


a) Dangerous chemicals are used b) When a risk assessment say so c) When the member of staff wants to

66

Pause

Prev

Next

C.O.S.H.H.

Click to resume presentation

67

Pause

Prev

Next