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Gajender Reddy

Faiz Ahmad
Sachin Kumar Reshma.K.R

The meaning of personality
Personality is the sum total of ways in

which an

individual interacts with the people and reacts to situations. It also encompasses the traits exhibited by a person during this interactions.
The development of the personality of an individual

is influenced by various factors such as

heredity,environment,maturation ,and learning.

Personality determinants
There are three main determinants of personality 1.Heredity (Nature) 2.Environment (Nature)

3.Situation (it depends)

The other attributes that influences personality are

Locus of control Machiavellianism Self esteem Self-monitoring Risk taking propensity Type A and type B personality.

Personality traits
Extraversion Agreeableness Conscientiousness Emotional stability Openness to experience

Theories of personality
Levinsons theory of adult life stages

Periods of stability
Stepping into the adult world: age 22-28

Periods of transition
Age 30 transition: age 28-33

Settling down: age 33-40

Stepping into middle adulthood: Age 45-50 Culmination of middle adulthood: age 55-60

Mid-life transition: Age 40-45

Age fifty transtion:Age 50-55 Late adult transition: age 60-65


Halls career stage model

Seeks an identify for himself, attempts to understand himself, relatively unstable in his career and less productive, keeps switching jobs in search of the right one.
Employee tries to settle down in his job, interacts with co-workers to develop a good relationship with them, productivity increases.
Productivity reaches its peak, productivity may either increase or remain stagnant. Productivity starts declining, individual evaluates his life and tries to convince himself that he made the right choices.

Exploration stage

Establishment stage

Maintenance stage

Decline stage

Holland's typology of matching personalities with jobs

Realistic Investigative





Attitudes are evaluative statements or judgments-either

favourable or unfavourable-concerning objects, people or

They reflect how you feel about objects,people or events. Attitudes are not same as values.

Components of attitude
Cognitive component:- The opinion or belief part of an

attitude. ex:-The belief that discrimination is wrong is a value. Affective component:-The emotional or feeling part of an attitude. Ex:- I dont like xyz party because they discriminate against minorities. Behavioural component:- An intention to behave in a certain way toward someone or something . ex:-I might choose to vote for xyz party because they discriminate against minorities and I think discrimination is wrong.

Attitudes can be change in many ways

1. Providing new information

2. Coercion or threat
3. Resolving differences

4. Involving such people in problem solving

5. Providing objective feedback in a manner that does

not de-motivate employees.

Attitudes in the organizational context

In the organizational context, attitudes are important because they affect job behaviour. There are three attitudes that are of importance in organizational bahaviour. 1.Job satisfaction 2.Job involvement 3.Organizational commitment a) Affective commitment b) Continuance commitment c) Normative commitment

Attitudes in the work context have four functions

The adjustment function

The ego defensive function

The value expressive function The knowledge function


Define personality? Explain attributes that influences








3. 4.

Explain the attributes that influences personality? Explain Levinsons theory of personality?


Explain Halls career stage model?

Define attitudes? Explain components of attitude.