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Who: What:

El Greco

Boy Lighting Candle in the Company of an Ape and a Fool



Why: How:


Post-Byzantine Oil on canvas

Who:Auguste Rodin What: The Thinker When: 1880-1902
Where: Paris, France
(although many copies exist elsewhere)

Why: Modern Sculpture

How: Bronze sculpture

Who: Louise Nevelson What: Sky Cathedral When: 1958
Where: U.S.A.

Why: Abstract sculpture

How: Painted Wood

Who: Chuck Close What: Big Self Portrait When: 1967-68
Where: U.S.A.

Why: Photorealism How: Acrylic on Canvas

Mr. Gerard Art I 9/24/2007

Photorealism: A style of art in which an image is created in such exact detail that it looks like a photograph; uses everyday subject matter, and often is larger than life.

Who: Norman Rockwell What: Breaking Home Ties

When: 1954
Where: U.S.A.

Why: Portrait/Illustration
Mr. Gerard Art I 10/5/2007

How: Oil on Canvas

Who: Caravaggio What: The Calling of St. Matthew When: 1599-1600
Where: Italy.

Why: Renaissance How: Oil on Canvas

Mr. Gerard Art I 6/19/2012

1. To review value. 2. To learn about Form. 3. To create works of art using value.

Elements of Art
Line Shape Value Form Color Space Texture

The appearance of lights and darks found in a work of art. These range from black to white with numerous shades of gray in between.

Value is an especially important element in works of art when color is absent. This is particularly likely with drawings, lithographs, photographs, and sculpture.

Value Scale
A gray scale, a series of spaces filled with the tints and shades of one color starting with white or the lightest tint on one end, and gradually changing into the darkest shade or black on the other.

Shade is adding black to a color create dark values such as dark blue or dark red. It is also adding black to the surface of the paper. This is what we are doing today.

Form is the three-dimensionality of an object.

Shape is only two-dimensional; form is threedimensional. You can hold a form; walk around a form and in some cases walk inside a form. In drawing or painting using value can imply form. Shading a circle in a certain manner can turn it into a sphere.

Turning a shape into a Form

1. 2. 3.




Chiaroscuro (Italian for clear-dark) is a term in art for a contrast between light and dark. Chiaroscuro can be used to make shapes in a painting look like threedimensional objects (or forms) such as the human body.

Value with Pencil

There are two ways that you can vary the value (lightness or darkness) in a pencil drawing: 1. Varying pressure on the pencil

2. Varying the type of pencil

Pencil manufacturers use the letter "H" to indicate a hard pencil and "B" to designate the blackness of the pencil's mark.

Start Video 2

Value Assignment 1

We are going to draw seashells using both line and value.

Seashell Drawing rules

1. You are to draw 4 shells on separate piece of white paper making them look like three dimensional forms. 2. First do a contour line drawing 3. Then add shade (value) using various drawing pencils. H, 2B, 3B
4B, Ebony, and Lead stick (6B)

4. You must draw each shell large filling up the paper. 5. Write your name, your period and drawing number on each sheet (there must be at least 4) 6. If you finish ask me about other work you have that is due.

Skull warmup
Grab a sheet of paper from behind the projector. Draw one of the skulls using value/shading Do not touch or move the skulls!

Photo Grid Project

Students: bring a photo in to school to be scanned by instructor.
Instructor will scan the photo and place a grid on top of photo in photoshop. Then print print the photo with Grid on top out for student

1. Students will take an 18 x 24 sheet of paper and use it to make a centered 10 x 14 (light) grid on the paper (best to use an H pencil (look at worksheet for instructions). 2. Students will mark the grid and their photo print with the alphabet (A-N) on the long side and numbers (1-10) on the short side. 3. Students will then do a light contour line drawing of their photo using the grid to help them. 4. Using various shading methods students will copy the photograph using pencils square by square to their artwork, using the grid system explained by the instructor as a guide.