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In modern electronics, electronics remote control system is well known system. The IR remote control circuit described here can be used for any simple ON-OFF function. The receiver uses IR sensor module which is commonly used in color T.V. for sensing IR Signal from transmitter section . It provides control range about 10 meters without the use of any focusing lens.

All infrared remote control systems use infrared lightemitting diodes to send out an IR signal in response to button pushes. The pattern of pulses indicates the particular button pushed. To allow control of multiple appliances such as a TV, VCR, and cable box, without interference, systems generally have a preamble and address to synchronize the receiver and identify the source of the infrared signal. Basically there are two types of remote control technology Infrared (IR) Radio frequency (RF) There are two parts of infrared remote control switch one is transmitter and the other is receiver. But in our project we include receiver section .

Circuit diagram

power supply circuit diagram

The receiver uses an infrared sensor module which is commonly used in color television for sensing the IR signals from the transmitter section. The sensor module shown is figure incorporates a detector diode, an IC which consists of a band pass filter, an amplifier and a demodulator on a small PCB placed inside a small tin cube enclosure to get rid of unwanted electromagnetic interference.


When switch on the transmitter is pressed, the IR LED radiate IR beams of about frequency of 38 KHZ The IR signal from the transmitter is sensed by the sensor and its output at goes high. This in turn switches on transistor T1, consequently capacitor C2 start charging through register R1. We used (4017)ic as a flip flop .

When capacitor C2 Charge IC( 4017) receives a clock pulse at pin 14 and its output at pin 2 goes high. This results in forward basing of transistor T2, which on conduction energizes relay RLI connected at its collector. The output of IC (pin 2) is also used for lighting LED2, indicating presence of signal.

When no signal is available, output of the sensor module goes low and transistor T1 is switched OFF. Now capacitor C2 starts discharging through resistor R2 and voltage across it gradually decreases to Zero. When another signal arrives after , capacitor C2 again charges through resistor R2 and pin 14 of IC gets another clock pulse. But as Q2 output of IC is connected to its reset pin 15 through , the output at pin 2 toggles. That is, IC works as a bitable flip-flop. Rely working as a switch to on off any 220 v appliances.

Infrared Technology
Some common applications of infrared technology are listed below. Augmentative communication devices Car locking systems Computers a. Mouse b. Keyboards c. Floppy disk drives d. Printers Emergency response systems Environmental control systems a. Windows b. Doors c. Lights d. Curtains Headphones Home security systems Navigation systems TVs, VCRs, CD players, stereos Toys

IR Advantages
Low power requirements: therefore ideal for laptops, telephones, personal digital assistants. Low circuitry costs as compared to RF. Higher security: directionality of the beam helps ensure that data isn't leaked or spilled to nearby devices as it's transmitted High noise immunity: not as likely to have interference from signals from other devices

IR Disadvantages
Line of sight: transmitters and receivers must be almost directly aligned to communicate Blocked by common materials: people, walls, plants, etc. can block transmission Short range: performance drops off with longer distances Light, weather sensitive: direct sunlight, rain, fog, dust, pollution can affect transmission Speed: data rate transmission is lower than typical wired transmission