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A review of the past years educational budget, the present budget plan and future goals in Philippine education


238.8 (US $ 5.49 billion) Its education budget is 17% of the national budget. Per Student

Php 5,915 (US 138) as of 2005


1.73 million kindergartens 14 million elementary school students


5.76 million (excluding senior high school students)

TOTAL: 21.49 million (Post secondary Unknown)


a 12-year basic education cycle Ensure universal pre-schooling for all Create a sub-system within the education system for all Muslim Filipino(Madaris system) Bring back technical vocational education in high school


that every child (is) a reader by grade 1.

science and math proficiency

Improve Provide

assistance to private schools as partners in basic education


the mother tongue as the medium of instruction from pre-school to grade3 Improve quality of textbooks Build more schools with the help of LGUs

The 2011 budget for basic education is P207.27 billion

grew by 18.46% (P32billion) from the 2010 basic education budget of P175 billion. allotment for basic education is 12.06% of the P1.645 trillion national government budget.




DepEd is the top department to receive the highest budget allocation. It is followed by DPWH (P110.6 B), DND (P104.7 B), DILG (P88.2 B), DA (P37.7 B) and DSWD (P34.3 B).
on the P207.27 billion DepEd budget and the total number of schoolagepopulation (22.71 million, age 6-15),the government spending to basic education per student per day, in real value, is P24.97.



the other hand, the per capita per day spending, also in real value, is P5.79.
of the P7.69 trillion gross domestic product (2009), only 22.42% of that amount is allotted for the total proposed national government spending for 2011 (P1.65trillion). basic education sector will get a mere 2.69% (P207 billion)share of the total GDP.




to this the share of tertiary education will make it a total of 3.0%, less than half of the 6% education budget recommended by UNESCO (P461 billion). The World Bank, on the other hand, recommends 20% as the average share of education budget in developing countries. 20% of the P1.645trillion budget is P329 B.


a step in the wrong direction

Shortages vs. K-12 How can basic education qualitatively function in the context of the dire shortages? What benefit would K-12 bring if students, in the first place, have no sufficient classrooms to study in, chairs to seat on, teachers to learn from, and textbooks to read?


Aquino govt considers addressing the shortages low priority



Corruption practices:
Bribes and pay-offs Embezzlement Criteria bypass Academic fraud Unethical individual behavior Favoritism Nepotism Pork barrel

There was the so-called noodle scam involving a contract awarded by DepEd in 2007 to a supplier that sold noodles at a staggering P18 per pack when the market price was only P4.50.
Before that, there was the textbook scam, with whistleblower Antonio Go alleging that the numerous errors in textbooks used in public schools resulted from an allegedly secretive" evaluation process that breeds graft and corruption."


expenditures may include:

Teachers salaries Other staff salaries Supplies and educational materials School construction and maintenance Transportation Other running expenditures In emergency, one might add the following:

Re-establishement of infrastractures Re-establishment of information and communication system


Philippine Constitution has mandated the government to allocate the highest proportion of its budget to education. However, the Philippines still has one of the lowest budget allocations among the ASEAN countries. (Philippine Constitution: Article XIV , section 5)

Upgrade the teachers salary scale. Teachers have been underpaid; thus there is very little incentive for most of them to take up advanced trainings.
Amend the current system of budgeting for education across regions, which is based on participation rates and units costs. This clearly favors the more developed regions. There is a need to provide more allocation to lagging regions to narrow the disparity across regions.


the current practice of subsidizing state universities and colleges to enhance access. Get all the leaders in business and industry to become actively involved in higher education.


a rationalized apprenticeship program with heavy inputs from the private sector. Furthermore, transfer the control of technical training to industry groups which are more attuned to the needs of business and industry.



CHAPTER 5 School Finance and Assistance

Section 33. Declaration of Policy - It is hereby declared to be the policy of the State that the national government shall contribute to the financial support of educational programs pursuant to goals of education as declared in the Constitution.


measures to broaden access to education through financial assistance and other forms of incentives to schools, teachers, pupils and students; and and stimulate private support to education through, inter alia, fiscal and other assistance measures.


Budget and financial management by IIEPUNESCO Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Fifteenth Congress, Republic of the Philippines (First Regular Session), House bill No. 602 and No. 363 Issues in Philippine Education: In Retrospect By Engr. Herman M. Lagon Rationalizing Failures: The Philippine Government in the Education Sector By Ramon Guillermo BATAS PAMBANSA BLG. 232 September 11, 1982


S. Danila MA Education Biological Science