New Philosopher2 mnt membacaPsychology
Pierre Is Not Here
In his masterwork Being and Nothingness, written during the Nazi occupation of France, Jean-Paul Sartre asks us to imagine a scene from everyday life: You walk into a café. You’re meeting your friend Pierre there, but you are running late. You look a
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Character Versus Reputation
Let’s play a game of Would You Rather. Would you rather speak 5 languages or speak to animals? Would you rather run fast or fly slow? Would you rather be rich or famous? Would you rather travel 100 years to the past or the future? I know, these are h
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Scintillating Grid Illusion
In the scintillating grid illusion, illusory dark spots are perceived on white patches at the intersections of grey bars. Studies have suggested that processing related to the orientation of the bars plays a role in this illusion, but the specific un
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Like Riding A Bike
We talk about ‘knowing’ how to type, or how to ride a bicycle. But what kind of knowing is this? Descartes, who introduced the mind-body split, would break down those actions into distinct phases. First, we sense the keyboard, or the bicycle and the
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Perception
“In the kingdom of the blind, the one-eyed man is king.” — Desiderius Erasmus “We do not see things as they are, we see them as we are.” — Anaïs Nin “Vision is the Art of seeing Things invisible.” — Jonathan Swift ““I live in the facial expressions o
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Baron Vaughn
What is your demon? Self-loathing, depression, and anxiety are the first things that spring to mind. Which “thinker” has had the greatest influence on your life? Harold Pinter: few people have perfectly expressed how I felt growing up in Vegas. W
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More Than Meets The Eye
Like figure-ground organisation, perceptual grouping (sometimes called perceptual segregation) is a form of perceptual organisation. Organisms perceive some parts of their perceptual fields as “hanging together” more tightly than others. They use thi
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Believing Is Seeing
In The Gutenberg Galaxy, a revisionist tour de force that gave us the axiom “the medium is the message”, Marshall McLuhan argued that moveable type was the prime culprit in shaping a culture enslaved by the tyranny of the visual. Marks on the printed
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Seven Laws
According to Gestalt Psychology, people perceive the whole of something even if it is not there. The Gestalt’s Law of Organization states that people have seven factors that help to group what is seen into patterns or groups. The grouping of images o
New Philosopher1 mnt membacaPsychology
Perception /pəˈsɛpʃ(ə)n/
1 The ability to see, hear, or become aware of something through the senses. 2. Awareness of something through the senses. 3. The neurophysiological processes, including memory, by which an organism becomes aware of and interprets external stimul
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Shifting Perspective
Recently, as civilisation has proceeded on its journey to hell in a handcart, I’ve found myself picturing a rocky coastline somewhere: a collection of giant boulders, standing impassive amid the crashing waves of a turbulent sea. I’m not sure where t
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Entrenched Perceptions
Susanna Siegel is Edgar Pierce Professor of Philosophy at Harvard University. She currently works on topics in the philosophy of mind and epistemology. Her books The Contents of Visual Experience and The Rationality of Perception were published by Ox
New Philosopher2 mnt membacaPsychology
Perception
People with synaesthesia experience a “blending” of their senses when they see, smell, taste, touch or hear. Such people have specially wired brains. As a result, when something triggers one of the five senses, another sense also responds. This blend
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Perfect Perception
TRUTH is within ourselves; it takes no riseFrom outward things, whate’er you may believe. There is an inmost centre in us all,Where truth abides in fullness; and around,Wall upon wall, the gross flesh hems it in,This perfect, clear perception—which
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Hallucinations
One night earlier this year, I woke to see an elderly man in our bedroom. My partner and I had fled the deaths racking up during the coronavirus outbreak in New York to the relative safety of the countryside, where his family has a creaky, tumbledown
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A Perception Of Something
IT IS IN THE EMPIRICIST development, as we know, that the new psychology, which was required as a correlate to pure natural science when the latter was separated off, is brought to its first concrete execution. Thus it is concerned with investigation
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Cartesian Roommates
Author/illustrator: Corey Mohler, Existential Comics. For more comics visit existentialcomics.com ■
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Perception
Even the simple act which we describe as ‘seeing someone we know’ is, to some extent, an intellectual process. We pack the physical outline of the creature we see with all the ideas we already formed about him, and in the complete picture of him whic
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Seeing The Good
After reading moral philosophy for a while, you may come to suspect that being a moral philosopher must be utterly exhausting. Not just because reading and writing philosophy is hard work, but because it seems that even in their downtime philosophers
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Dot & cross
Hold the magazine at eye level at arm’s length. Close your right eye and look directly at the cross with your left eye. Notice that you can also see the dot. Focus on the cross, but be aware of the dot as you slowly bring the magazine towards your fa
New Philosopher1 mnt membacaPsychology
Checker Shadow Illusion
The squares marked A and B are the same shade of grey. The visual system needs to determine the colour of objects in the world. In this case the problem is to determine the grey shade of the checks on the floor. The visual system uses several tricks
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Perceptual Triggers
Louise Antony is Professor of Philosophy at University of Massachusetts Amherst. She studied philosophy at Syracuse University and the University of London, and received her PhD from Harvard University. With Norbert Horn-stein, she co-edited Chomsky
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Our Conscious Perception
Think of the outline of Australia as it appears on a map. Visualise it. What do you see? Recently someone posted an image of this outline on social media showing how it can be seen as a dog’s head (perhaps a Scottish terrier) facing left, joined to a
New Philosopher6 mnt membacaGlobalization
Chains Of Transmission
A man is standing in his weather room – or so I imagine – looking out to the Arabian Sea. Perhaps he can see Dharavi from his 27th floor perch. In the heart of Mumbai, Dharavi is the largest slum in Asia. In this neighbourhood of almost one million p
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Perception
It wasn’t until I was 12 years old that my parents figured out I was almost as blind as a bat. Like Thomas Nagel, I was unable to imagine what it was like to be a bat, let alone how others could see, so blind I had remained. A world sharply in focus
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Staring At The Shadows
It might not be fashionable to say this, but philosophers are in the business of finding the truth. Jesting Pilate, of course, scoffed, “What is truth?”, much to his chagrin. Bertrand Russell defined the philosopher’s quest as the asking of questions
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A better Anthropocene
Our globally connected planet is changing faster than we could ever have imagined. For much of 2019, the lungs of our Earth – the Amazon rainforest – was burning; while only months later, our sunburnt county was doing the same. Both were blanketed in
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New Philosopher
Zan Boag Antonia Case Carlos Egan, Aida Novoa Genís Carreras Nigel Warburton Louise Antony, Marina Benjamin, Oliver Burkeman, Antonia Case, Tom Chatfield, Myisha Cherry, André Dao, Will Hartley, David S. Oderberg, Clarissa Sebag-Montefiore, Susanna S
New Philosopher2 mnt membacaSocial Science
News Or Propaganda?
On September 25, 1690, the first colonial newspaper in America, Publick Occurrences Both Forreign and Domestick, was published. Although some English newspapers and single-page broadsides had been available to read before, this was the first true mul
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Writers’ award XXIX
Award XXIX: purpose. Closes 10 December 2020 Award XXX: perception. Closes 10 March 2021 Email your piece to news@newphilosopher.com For full details visit www.newphilosopher.com/articles/prize Open to subscribers only. ■
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