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Spitfire TE311: From Gate Guardian to Airshow Favorite
Like all Mk XVI Spitfires, Spitfire Mk L.F. XVIe TE311 was manufactured at the Castle Bromwich Aeroplane Factory near Birmingham, England. It was built during 1945 as a low-back, clippedwing Packard Merlin 266-powered L.F. XVIe and delivered on June
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Battle of Britain Memorial Flight
The Royal Air Force Battle of Britain Memorial Flight (RAF BBMF), known at first as the Historic Aircraft Flight, was founded at RAF Biggin Hill, the famous Battle of Britain airfield in Kent. When it began on July 11, 1957, it only had three PR Mk X
Flight Journal8 mnt membaca
F-35b Lightning II Semper Fi
The three primary F-35 models are the A, B, and C (Israel also has an “I” model). We will be focusing on the Vertical Take-Off and Landing (VTOL) B model, which is the Marine Corps primary variant. The Marines are also procuring some aircraft-carrier
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F-35 Variants
The generic land-based and primary variant, with an internal gun. The majority of foreign operators fly the A model (and a few a mix of As and Bs). The Israelis have a specially modified A model with their own gear which was assigned as an I model. T
Flight Journal10 mnt membaca
Defender Of The Reich
Reichsmarschall Hermann Göring was in rare form, his eyes full of fire as he faced one of the better known of Germany’s aces, Oberst Walther Dahl. “Göring’s reply astonished even me,” Dahl remembered. “In the presence of pilots with heads, arms and l
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Saga of a Survivor: The Flying Heritage & Combat Armor Museum’s Collection’s Fw 190A-5
The Flying Heritage Collection (FHC) Focke-Wulf (based in Everett, Washington) is a Fw 190A-5 built in April 1943 as part of a batch of 981 aircraft at the F-W factory in Bremen. The FHC aircraft left the factory with the Stammkennzeichen (factory co
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Luftwaffe Aces And An Explanation
The validity of the high scores reported by German Fighter pilots is often questioned, so an explanation is in order. Each German claim for the destruction of an enemy aircraft in aerial combat (Abschuss) had to be confirmed by the Oberbefehlshaber d
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WACO “Super Sport” S3HD
The Super Sport is, in fact, a warbird camouflaged as a sport plane. Previous WACO incursions in military sales were commercial models modified to suit customers’ needs. In the Model D, WACO, at last, had a high-performance biplane designed from the
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Thunderchief At War
PICTURE, IF YOU WILL, a Mach-2-capable, all-weather fighterbomber that flies 1,000 feet above the ground on autopilot, while a Doppler navigation system steers it to a target 300 to 500 nautical miles distant. Then, at 550 knots, it runs in toward th
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THE SURVIVOR Atoll Missile Hits a Thud
Despite the aircraft’s vulnerability to small-arms fire, on November 7, 1967, an F-105D survived a proximity blast from a Russian Atoll airto-air missile fired from a North Vietnamese MiG-21. The strike force consisted of five four-ship flights of Th
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Join Our Team!
Do you have aviation in your blood? Crazy about aircraft and flying? Add your unique perspective to our content mix! We’re looking for flightline reporters and contributors to share their expertise and advice in videos and posts. (Original and unpubl
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Yellow Scorpions
Using Chinese airfields, the 311th Fighter Group was the first to take World War II to the Japanese. The 311th’s 530th Fighter Squadron, which became known as the “Yellow Scorpions,” was the first squadron based in China. During their combat tour, th
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Very Rare Iron
When the Second World War ended in Europe on May 8, 1945, Group Captain Aleksander Gabszewicz, the Commanding Officer of No. 131 (Polish) Wing, had been flying combat missions since the beginning of the war when Germany first invaded his home country
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Squadron Named By Japs Over Radio
The following article appeared in “CBI Roundup,” the official newspaper of the CBI Theater. Ever since it started winning a reputation for itself by knocking down Japanese planes over Burma, one of the crack P-51 Mustang fighter-bomber squadrons of t
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Flight Journal
Executive Editor Debra Cleghorn Editors Gerry Yarrish, Matt Boyd Bud Anderson, James P. Busha, Ted Carlson, Doug DeCaster, Robert S. DeGroat, John Dibbs, Jim Farmer, Paul Gillcrist, Phil Haun, Randy Jolly, Frederick Johnsen, Geoffrey P. Jones, Ron Ka
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Pass the Armor-Piercing Rounds
In this photo from the Eighth Air Force’s famous 4th Fighter Group Debden Eagles, a parade of armorers prepare to install .50-caliber machine guns and armor-piercing ammo in the Group’s Mustangs. Note the pierced-steel planking that is being used as
Flight Journal8 mnt membaca
Spitfire With A Punch
May 5, 1945. Flying at 8,000 feet and at just over 200 mph in his personal Spitfire Mk XVI TD240, Group Captain Aleksander Gabszewicz, the Commanding Officer of No. 131 (Polish) Wing, led 11 heavily laden, bomb-carrying Spitfires of 302 Squadron towa
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Origins of The “Boxing Bulldog”
The exact origin of Aleksander Gabszewicz’s “Boxing Bulldog” motif is something of a mystery and seems to pre-date its wider use by other Allied units. Photographs taken at RAF Northolt in April 1942, when Gabszewicz was the Commanding Officer of No.
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Me 262 Mach 1 Mystery
Not all fighter pilots are short, cocky guys wearing a big watch and offended if characterized as “cerebral.” Dr. Guido Hans Mutke was just the opposite, nearly six feet tall, well built, and possessed of a tremendous intellect that propelled him int
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Nachtjagd (night hunt): The Bf 110 at Work
A PERSONAL MEMORY Dr. Rolf Ebhardt, who flew combat in the Bf 110G-4 with 8./NJG 1 during WW II takes us aboard for a night mission. We do not hate the British or the Americans; these boys are doing their duty just as we are. Neither side can change
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Supermarine Spitfire Elliptical Elegance
Showing off the flowing curves of a jaguar ready to pounce, a Spitfire snugs in close, its pilot a picture of concentration as he carefully places the airplane exactly where he wants. It’s a timeless image of a timeless design. Reginald Mitchell laid
Flight Journal11 mnt membaca
Lightning ACE!
In 1943, Second Lieutenant Robin Olds received his silver wings and proceeded to operational training. With another batch of West Pointers, he drew the Lockheed P-38, with an assignment to a remote, forlorn place in California. The following is excer
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Gunfighter Of the Rising Sun
From December 7, 1941, through the Battle of Midway (June 4 to 7, 1942), Kaname Harada was a Zero pilot onboard the carrier Soryu. During that time, he scored several aerial victories in the Indian Ocean operations and Midway. His carrier, however, a
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Of Machines and Mortals
The World War II air war quickly escalated into an arms race, Axis versus Allies, as both sides rushed to get new and more lethal aircraft into battle with improved designs and armaments. As battle situations changed, so did the fighter roles: bomber
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“Hotrod” Jug
By the time this limited-production high-performance version of Maj. Michael Jackson’s Teddy was photographed in early spring 1945 at Boxted, the 56th FG had been operating with Thunderbolts for almost three years. Initially constituted in November 1
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WWII Fighters
Executive Editor Debra Cleghorn Editors Gerry Yarrish, Matt Boyd Bud Anderson, James P. Busha, Ted Carlson, Doug DeCaster, Robert S. DeGroat, John Dibbs, Jim Farmer, Paul Gillcrist, Phil Haun, Randy Jolly, Frederick Johnsen, Geoffrey P. Jones, Ron Ka
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The Best Wwii fighters
When the editors of Flight Journal asked me to write about all the great WW II fighters and to choose one as “the best,” I thought, “What an ego trip!” The selections would be easy to dig out of my dusty flight-report files (which document my evaluat
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Hellcat Versus Corsair
Whenever Navy and Marine Corps aviators who flew and fought in propeller-driven fighters gather, there is always the argument about which was the better airplane: the “bent-wing bastard,” as we lovingly dubbed the Chance Vought F4U-lD Corsair, or the
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“Best Fighter” Selection Criteria
Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest, the famous southern Civil War cavalry officer, uttered, “Git thar fustest with the mostest.” That combat axiom had probably been defined in many other languages for eons before he said it, but it’s succinct, and it happen
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The Hellcat/corsair Fracas Continued In Grumman
THE F4U-4 WAS BLESSED with the more powerful Pratt & Whitney R-2800-34W, which gave it a great boost in high-speed performance. This provided the necessary edge over the newer Japanese fighters that were coming into squadrons when the F4U-4 arrived i
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