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Nama : Fatika Cornelia

Npm : 12211729
Kelas : 2EA27

UNIVERSITAS GUNADARMA
2012

KATA PENGANTAR
Puji syukur atas kehadiran tuhan yang maha esa, karna atas rahmat nya saya dapat
menyusun tugas Ekonomi koprasi ini, dengan sebagaimana mestinya.
Terimakasih untuk para rekan-rekan yang telah membantu saya dalam menyusun
tugas ini hingga tepat dengan tanggal yang di tentukan.
Mohon maaf jika ada penulisan, penjelasan yang tidak tepat di bab-bab yang saya
ketik tersebut, kurang lebihnya saya mohon maaf. Kritik dan saran bisa di
sampaikan demi perbaikan tugas-tugas yang selanjutnya akan saya buat.
Terimakasih.

Bekasi, 11 Oktober 2012

Penyusun
FATIKA CORNELIA

DAFTAR ISI
Kata penghantar .........................................................................................................................2
Daftar isi ....................................................................................................................................3

BAB I KONSEP ALIRAN DAN SEJARAH KOPERASI


Konsep koperasi barat................................................................................................................6
Konsep koperasi sosialis............................................................................................................6
Konsep koperasi negara berkembang.........................................................................................7
Latar belakang timbulnya aliran koperasi
Keterkaitan ideologi, sistem perekonomian dan aliran koperasi..............................................7
Aliran koperasi..........................................................................................................................7
Sejarah perkembangan koperasi
Sejarah lahirnya koperasi..........................................................................................................8
Sejarah perkembangan koperasi di indonesia...........................................................................9

BAB II PENGERTIAN DAN PRINSIP-PRINSIP KOPERASI


Definisi ILO.............................................................................................................................13
Definisi Chaniago....................................................................................................................13
Definisi dooren........................................................................................................................13
Definisi hatta...........................................................................................................................14
Definisi munkner....................................................................................................................14
Definisi UU no.25/1992..........................................................................................................14
Tujuan koperasi
Prinsip-prinsip koperasi
Prinsip munkner.....................................................................................................................14

Prinsip rochdale.....................................................................................................................14
Prinsip raiffeisen....................................................................................................................14
Prinsip schulze.......................................................................................................................15
Prinsip Ica.............................................................................................................................15
Prinsip-prinsip koperasi indonesia........................................................................................15

BAB III ORGANISASI DAN MANAJEMEN


Bentuk organisasi
Menurut hanel........................................................................................................................16
Menurut ropke.......................................................................................................................16
Di indonesia..........................................................................................................................16
Tanggung jawab
Pengurus...............................................................................................................................17
Pengelola..............................................................................................................................17
Pengawas.............................................................................................................................17
Pola manajemen..................................................................................................................17

BAB IV TUJUAN DAN FUNGSI KOPERASI


Pengertian badan usaha......................................................................................................18
Koperasi sebagai badan usaha............................................................................................18
Tujuan dan nilai koperasi
Memaksimumkan keuntungan...........................................................................................18
Memaksimumkan nilai perushaan.....................................................................................18
Meminumkan biaya...........................................................................................................18
Mendefinisikan tujuan perusahaan koperasi.....................................................................19

Keterbatasan teori perusahaan.........................................................................................19


Teori laba.........................................................................................................................19
Fungsi laba.......................................................................................................................19
Kegiatan usaha koperasi
Status dan motif anggota koperasi..................................................................................20
Kegiatan usaha................................................................................................................20
Permodalan koperasi......................................................................................................20
Sisa hasil usaha koperasi................................................................................................20

BAB V SISA HASIL USAHA


Pengertian SHU informasi dasar....................................................................................21
Rumus pembagian SHU.................................................................................................21
Prinsip-prinsip pembagian SHU....................................................................................22
Pembagian SHU per anggota.........................................................................................22

BAB VIPOLA MANAJEMEN KOPERASI


Pengertian manajemen dan perangkat organisasi
Pengertian Manajemen..................................................................................................24
Pengertian koperasi.......................................................................................................24
Pengertian manajemen koperasi...................................................................................24
Rapat anggota...............................................................................................................24
Pengurus.......................................................................................................................25
Pengawas......................................................................................................................25
Manajer........................................................................................................................25
Pendekatan sistem pada koperasi............................................................. ...................25

BABVII JENIS DAN BENTUK KOPERASI


Jenis Koperasi
Menurut PP no.60/1959..............................................................................................26
Menurut teori klasik...................................................................................................26
Ketentuan penjenisan koperasi sesuai UU No.12/1969.............................................26
Bentuk koperasi
Sesuai PP no.60/1959.................................................................................................
Sesuai dengan wilayah administrasi pemertintah.......................................................
Koperasi primer dan sekunder....................................................................................

BAB VIII PERMODALAN KOPERASI


Arti modal Koperasi...................................................................................................29
Sumber modal
Menurut UU No 12/1967...........................................................................................29
Menurut UU No 25/1992...........................................................................................29
Distribusi cadangan koperasi.......................................................................................

BAB IX EVALUASI KEBERHASILAN KOPERASI DILIHAT DARI SISI ANGGOTA


Efek-efek ekononomis koperasi.................................................................................30
Efek harga dan efek biaya..........................................................................................30
Analisis hubungan efek ekonomis dengan keberhasilan koperasi.............................31
Pengajian dan analisis neraca pelayanan...................................................................31

BAB X EVALUASI KEBERHASILAN KOPERASI DI LIHAT DARI SISI


PERUSAHAAN
Efesiensi perusahaan koperasi..................................................................................32
Efektivitas koperasi..................................................................................................32
Produktifitas koperasi...............................................................................................32
Analis laporan koperasi............................................................................................33

BAB XI PERANAN KOPERASI


Peranan koperasi di berbagai keadaan persaingan
Di pasar persaingan sempurna..................................................................................34
Di pasar monopolistik..............................................................................................34
Di pasar monopsoni..................................................................................................38
Di pasar oligopoli.....................................................................................................38

BAB XII PEMBANGUNAN KOPERASI


Pembangunan Koperasi di negara berkembang.......................................................41