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# BAB V

TUGAS KHUSUS
EVALUASI KINERJA TURBIN GAS
BERDASARKAN ANALISIS THERMAL
DATA HASIL PENGAMATAN
Flow rate gas alam masuk burner

: 10037,42 mmbtu/day

Tekanan

: 22 Bar

Temperatur

: 270C

Udara masuk kompresor

: 300C

Udara keluar kompresor

: 300,40C

Tekanan

: 9,42 Bar

Gas alam masuk burner
Heating Value

: 1118,1246 btu/ft3

Energy rate

: 10037,42 mmBtu/day

Tabel 5.1 Komposisi Gas Alam
Komponen
Hexane, C6H14
Propane, C3H8
Iso Butne, i-C4H10
Normal, n-C4H10
Iso Pentane, i-C5H12
Normal Pentane, n-C5H12
Metane, CH4
Etane, C2H6
Nitrogen, N2
Carbon dioxide, CO2
Total
I. Perhitungan Neraca Massa :
Diketahui:

% Volume
0,3480
3,1195
0,6092
0,7480
0,3156
0,1673
84,1617
5,93105
1,0869
3,5126
100 %

3 btu/h  Heating value gas : 1118.2 Komposisi Gas Masuk Burner Komponen % Kmol BM Kg .6oR V = 374042.714 atm T = 27oC = 540.78 x 15023.368707 kmol/h Tabel 5. Energy Flow Rate : : = 418.961 = 19261.2258333 mmbtu/h = 418225833.243 ft3/h : a) Menghitung komposisi gas alam masuk burner P = 22 Bar = 21.488 lbmol x = 8735.1246 btu/ft3  Volumetric Gas : = 374042.243 ft3/hr Basis : 1 hour operation : n= = = 0.

287 15542.417 272.713 261.864 212.844 8 O2 5 CO2 116.957 182.903 212.198 2 H2O 14703.079 + 5 H2O 326.499 212.413 + 6 H2O 87.863 6.955 1052.216 288.341 27.9142 73.099 94.661 7351.362 8 O2 5 CO2 220.824 11989.945 306.417 272.903 182.C4H10 Kmol O2 CO2 H2O 30.5126 100 30.9311 1.340 C5H12 + 27.3156 0.569 14.897 173850.499 817.752 1984.1195 0.5 O2 4 CO2 424.830 C2H6 + 518.3 Tabulasi Gas Hasi Pembakaran Dengan O2 teoritis Komponen C6H14 C3H8 i.520 3789.1673 84.5 O2 6 CO2 288.500 53.830 53.551 137.072 2 O2 CO2 14703.1617 5.452 13500.499 53.880 1.417 C3H8 + 272.228 117629.499 C4H10 + 9.6092 0.499 5 O2 3 CO2 1362.499 345.499 817.215 C4H10 + 65.499 6.614 7351.992 3086.839 8735.661 3 H2O 1554.216 65.347 7 H2O + 1036.297 Tabel 5.916 1089.099 3.369 86 44 58 58 72 72 16 30 28 44 2615.973 2658.702 + 6 H2O 165.999 + 5 H2O 266.079 .957 1362.3480 3.5 O2 + 212.C6H14 C3H8 i-C4H10 n-C4H10 i-C5H12 n-C5H12 CH4 C2H6 N2 CO2 Total 0.6143 CH4 + 7351.999 266.1 Menghitung O2 teoritis pembakaran sempurna : C6H14 + 30.5 O2 4 CO2 345.0869 3.7480 0.686 + 2 CO2 1813.830 518.916 + 4 H2O 1089.569 C5H12 + 14.

19276.09121 kmol = 1233698.347 19276.637 kmol = 1850548.21 x 275379.3 menghitung O2 keluar burner O2 keluar burner = O2 masuk burner .551 116.858 kg 1.91872 kg 1.830 1036.754kmol = 331321.074 kmol Udara masuk burner (300% excess) = 3(91793.n.369 424.222 kmol O2 = 0.099 8735.839 kmol = 10380.546 261.340 27.531 kmol = 6094046.C4H10 i.614 7351.6 menghitung H2O keluar burner : H2O hasil pembakaran = 18406.169 kmol + 306.198 10073.586 kmol = 6091388.071 7351.413 87.C5H12 CH4 C2H6 Total 65.546 = 91793.754 1.586 kmol + 94.4 menghitung N2 keluar burner N2 keluar burner = N2 dari udara + N2 dari gas alam = 217549.54559 kmol = 38553.945 kmol = 217644.315 kg 1.572 kg .686 14703.168 326.844 73.546 kmol Udara teoritis = 1/0.297 18406.6368 kmol .007 kmol = 456720.C5H12 n.378 kg N2 = 0.79 x 275379.2227 kmol = 57829.831 518.7136 220.569 14.703 165.2 menghitung udara masuk burner O2 teoritis = 19276.21 x 19276.2227 kmol = 217549.5 menghitung CO2 keluar burner CO2 keluar burner = CO2 hasil reaksi + CO2 dari gas alam =10073.661 1554.405 kg 1.661 1813.O2 bereaksi = 57829.914 14703.074) kmol =275379.362 137.

754 284984.955 1052.315 1233698.664 Tabel 5.470 100 Kg 456720.091 217644.531 306.572 .973 2658.531 18406.857 331321.383 % mol 3.572 8115787.5 Rekapitulasi Neraca Massa Seputar Burner Komponen C6H14 C3H8 i-C4H10 n-C4H10 i-C5H12 n-C5H12 CH4 C2H6 N2 CO2 INPUT Kmol 30.919 6094046.007 38553.099 217644.520 3789.340 27.417 272.520 76.452 13500.531 18406.228 117629.897 Komponen CO2 O2 N2 H2O OUTPUT Kmol 10380.8386 Kg 2615.216 65.824 11989.919 6094046.370 6.831 518.569 14.857 331321.614 7351.287 15542.091 217644.007 38553.499 53.992 3086.4 Komposisi Gas Keluar Burner Komponen CO2 O2 N2 H2O Total Kmol 10380.754 Kg 456720.752 1984.Tabel 5.640 13.315 1233698.

664 II. Sensible enthalpy gas masuk burner Temperatur gas alam = 27 0C= 300 0k Tabel 5.1246 btu/ft3 = 418225833.835 3030047.920 23.283 22.149 2530.40C Temperatur gas keluar burner(T2) = 485 OC ΔT (0C) 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 5 Q (kcal) 2196.708 13105.340 27.044 9601096.5915 Cp (kcal/kmol 0C) 36.417 272.O2 Total 57829.780 24.059 23.831 518.290 8.8386 275379.664 8115787.733 125745.894 6. Perhitungan Neraca Energi Temperature reference : 250 C 1.575 12795140.569 14.330 1263.6 Sensible Enthay Gas Masuk Burner Komponen C6H14 C3H8 i-C4H10 n-C4H10 i-C5H12 n-C5H12 CH4 C2H6 N2 CO2 Udara Total Kmol 30.075 9842.614 7351.378 8115787.961 8.947 3173.531 306.3 Btu = 105392910 Kkal 2.637 1850548.222 284114.1 18.552 12.499 53.4 Sensible Entalpi Gas keluar Burner Temperatur gas masuk burner(T1) = 300.Heating value gas alam = 374042.307 .216 65.755 680.156 5458.099 217644.973 2.648 6.243 ft3/h x 1118.

6 184.42 395640533.156 Komponen CO2 O2 N2 H2O Heat loss radiasi konveksi Heat absorb Kkal 22399785.835 3030047.T2  Cp Intergral = CpdT  (T 2  T 1) T1 CP = ( a + bT + cT2 ) Tabel 5.790 .23 55426421.86 288833750.947 3173.225 55426422.149 2530.531 18406.6 Tabel 5.69 7.6 184.121 36686763.75401 284984.091 217644.6 22399785.659 3397886.708 13105.189 8.075 9842.6 184.007 38553.1 28980576.8 Neraca energi seputar burner Input Komponen Heating value gas Alam C6H14 C3H8 i-C4H10 n-C4H10 i-C5H12 n-C5H12 CH4 C2H6 N2 Output Kkal 105392910 2196.383 11.755 680.788 7.529 ΔT (0C) Q (Kcal) 184.733 125745.7 Sensible Enthay Gas Keluar Burner Komponen CO2 O2 N2 H2O Total Kmol  Cp Intergral 10380.330 1263.

044 9601096.575 118188050.6 .CO2 Udara Total 5458.3 Total 395640533.