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UJIAN AKHIR SEMESTER JURUSAN TEKNIK KELAUTAN FAKULTAS TEKNOLOGI KELAUTAN ITS 2009

UJIAN AKHIR SEMESTER

UJIAN AKHIR SEMESTER JURUSAN TEKNIK KELAUTAN FAKULTAS TEKNOLOGI KELAUTAN ITS 2009

JURUSAN TEKNIK KELAUTAN FAKULTAS TEKNOLOGI KELAUTAN ITS

2009

BAGUS RENGGA 4307 100 020 JURUSAN TEKNIK KELAUTAN FAKULTAS TEKNOLOGI KELAUTAN INSTITUT TEKNOLOGI SEPULUH NOPEMBER
BAGUS RENGGA
BAGUS RENGGA

4307 100 020

JURUSAN TEKNIK KELAUTAN FAKULTAS TEKNOLOGI KELAUTAN INSTITUT TEKNOLOGI SEPULUH NOPEMBER SURABAYA

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bagusrengga.wordpress.com Contact :

bagooes88@yahoo.com

NOMOR 1 FORMULASI MATRIX DAN DEFLEKSINYA

NOMOR 1

NOMOR 1 FORMULASI MATRIX DAN DEFLEKSINYA

FORMULASI

MATRIX

DAN
DAN

DEFLEKSINYA

δ b δ c 3 δ D
δ
b
δ c
3
δ D

Diketahui :

P = 2 Kn

A1 =

6

cm 2

= 6 x 10 -4 m 2

A2 =

4

cm 2

= 4 x 10 -4 m 2

A3 = 2

cm 2

= 2 x 10 -4 m 2

E aluminiun = 75 Gpa = 75 x 10 6 Kn/m

L =

1 m

Ditanya :

Formulasi Matriks

[K] {δ} = {P} Defleksi di titik D ?

Jawab Gunakan metode Potensial Energi Total (PET) Pet = Ut – Lp Ut = ∑1/2

Jawab

Gunakan metode Potensial Energi Total (PET)

Pet = Ut Lp Ut = ∑1/2 Cn (∆l) 2

Lp

= ∑ Pδ

Ut

= ½ C 1 (∆l b ) 2 + ½ C 2 (∆l c ) 2 + ½ C 3 (∆l D ) 2

Dengan : C 1 = EA1/L = 6 x 10 - 4 E/L C 2

Dengan :

C 1 = EA1/L = 6 x 10 -4 E/L C 2 = EA2/L = 4 x 10 -4 E/L C 3 = EA3/L = 2 x 10 -4 E/L

(∆l b ) = δ b ’ = δ b (∆l c ) = δ b ’ + δ c ’ = δ d (∆l d ) = δ b ’ + δ c ’ + δ d ’ = δ d

Lp = δ b (P 1 + P 2 + P 2 ) + δ c (P 2 + P 3 ) + δ d (P 3 ) = δ b (3P) + δ c (2P) + δ d (P)

Maka PET = [ (½)(6x10 - 4 (E δ b ) 2 /L) + (½)(4x10

Maka PET = [ (½)(6x10 -4 (Eδ b ) 2 /L) + (½)(4x10 -4 (Eδ c ) 2 /L) + (½)(2x10 -4 (Eδ d ) 2 /L) ] [3pδ b + 2Pδ c + Pδ d ]

Untuk mendapatkan formulasi matriksnya, maka

persamaan PET harus diturnkan terhadap defleksi

pada masing-masing titik yang mengalami

defleksi.

Sehingga ∂PET/∂δ b = 0 =∂{[ (½)(6x10 - 4 E( δ b ) 2 /L)

Sehingga

∂PET/∂δ b = 0

=∂{[ (½)(6x10 -4 E(δ b ) 2 /L) + (½)(4x10 -4 E(δ c ) 2 /L) + (½)(2x10 -4 E(δ d ) 2 /L) ] [3pδ b + 2Pδ c + Pδ d ] } / ∂δ b =

0

=[ (½)(12x10 -4 Eδ b /L) ] [3p] = 0

= [ (½)(12x10 -4 Eδ b /L) ] = [3p]

………… [E1]

∂PET/∂δ c = 0

∂PET/∂δ c = 0

=∂{[ (½)(6x10 -4 E(δ b ) 2 /L) + (½)(4x10 -4 E(δ c ) 2 /L) +

(½)(2x10 -4 E(δ d ) 2 /L) ] [3pδ b + 2Pδ c + Pδ d ] } / ∂δ c =

0

=[ (½)(8x10 -4 Eδ c /L) ] [2p] = 0

= [ (½)(8x10 -4 Eδ c /L) ] = [2p]

………… [E2]

∂PET/∂δ d = 0

∂PET/∂δ d = 0

=∂{[ (½)(6x10 -4 E(δ b ) 2 /L) + (½)(4x10 -4 E(δ c ) 2 /L) +

(½)(2x10 -4 E(δ d ) 2 /L) ] [3pδ b + 2Pδ c + Pδ d ] } / ∂δ d =

0

=[ (½)(4x10 -4 Eδ d /L) ] [p] = 0

= [ (½)(8x10 -4 Eδ d /L) ] = [p]

………… [E3]

Sehingga [ (½)(12x10 - 4 E δ b /L) ] = [3p] ………… [E1] [

Sehingga

[ (½)(12x10 -4 Eδ b /L) ] = [3p]

………… [E1]

[ (½)(8x10 -4 Eδ c /L) ]

= [2p]

………… [E2]

[ (½)(8x10 -4 Eδ d /L) ]

= [p]

………… [E3]

Maka formulasi matriksnya adalah :

[K] {δ} = {P}

[ (½)(8x10 - 4 E δ d /L) ] = [p] ………… [E3] Maka formulasi matriksnya

Mencari defleksi di tiap elemen batang :

Mencari defleksi di tiap elemen batang : Dengan E aluminium = 75 x 10 6 KN/m

Dengan

E

aluminium = 75 x 10 6 KN/m

P

= 2 KN

[ (½)(12x10 -4 Eδ b /L) ] = [3p]

δ b

= 3LP/ 12x10 -4 E

= 3(1)(2) / (12x10 -4 (75 x 10 6 ))

= 6.667 x 10 -5 m

[ (½)(8x10 -4 Eδ c /L) ]

δ c

= [2p]

= 2LP/ 12x10 -4 E

= 2(1)(2) / (8x10 -4 (75 x 10 6 ))

= 6.667 x 10 -5 m

[ (½)(8x10 -4 Eδ c /L) ]

δ d

= P

= LP/ 8x10 -4 E = (1)(2) / (4x10 -4 (75 x 10 6 ))

= 6.667 x 10 -5 m

Defleksi di titik D adalah

δtotal

=

δ b + δ c + δ d

=

6.667 x 10 -5 + 6.667 x 10 -5 + 6.667 x 10 -5

=

20.001 x 10 -5 m

NOMOR 2 PENENTUAN NILAI LENDUTAN

NOMOR 2

PENENTUAN

NILAI

LENDUTAN

Sebuah jacket sederhana dibuat dari baja dan dikenai gaya-gaya seperti gambar di bawah. Batang vertikal

Sebuah jacket sederhana dibuat dari baja dan dikenai gaya-gaya seperti gambar di bawah. Batang vertikal mempunyai diameter 60 cm dan tebal 5 cm. Batang horizontal berdiameter 50 cm dan tebal 3 cm. Batang diagonal memiliki diameter 40 cm dan tebal 2 cm. Tentukan:

-Lendutan horizontal di titik H -Lendutan vertikal di titik H -Lendutan horizontal di titik D

Asumsi awal tarik (+)

-Lendutan horizontal di titik H -Lendutan vertikal di titik H -Lendutan horizontal di titik D Asumsi
PENYELESAIAN Perhitungan Reaksi Perletakan Σ M B = 0 R A .10 + 2.10 +

PENYELESAIAN

Perhitungan Reaksi Perletakan ΣMB = 0

RA.10 + 2.10 + 2.20 + 4.30 + 2.10 + 2.20 + 4.30 20.10 = 0 RA.10 + 20 + 40 + 120 + 20 + 40 + 120 200 = 0 RA.10 + 40 + 80 + 240 200 = 0 RA = 40 80 240 + 200

120 – 200 = 0 R A .10 + 40 + 80 + 240 – 200

10

RA = 16 KN (tarik)

Perhitungan Reaksi Perletakan Σ M A = 0 -R B .10 + 2.10 + 2.20

Perhitungan Reaksi Perletakan ΣMA = 0

-RB.10 + 2.10 + 2.20 + 4.30 + 2.10 + 2.20 + 4.30 + 20.10 = 0 -RB.10 + 40 + 80 + 240 + 200 = 0

RB =

40 + 80 + 240 + 200

10

RB = 56 KN (tekan)

Perhitungan Reaksi Perletakan Σ H = 0 R AH + 2 + 2 + 2

Perhitungan Reaksi Perletakan

ΣH = 0

RAH + 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 + 4 + 4 = 0 RAH + 16 = 0 RAH = - 16 KN (tekan)

Perhitungan Reaksi Perletakan Σ H = 0 R AH + 2 + 2 + 2 +
PERHITUNGAN JOINT Joint B Σ V = 0 R B + S4 = 0 56

PERHITUNGAN JOINT

Joint B ΣV = 0 RB + S4 = 0

56 + S4 = 0 S4 = - 56 KN (tarik) S4 = 56 KN (tekan)

ΣH = 0

S2 = 0

S4 S2 Rb
S4
S2
Rb
PERHITUNGAN JOINT Joint A Σ V = 0 -R A + S1 + S3Sin α

PERHITUNGAN JOINT

Joint A

ΣV = 0 -RA + S1 + S3Sinα = 0

-16 + S1 + S3Sin45 = 0 S1 = 0

ΣH = 0

-RA + S2 + S3Cosα = 0 -16 + 0 + S3Cos45 = 0 S3 = 22,63 KN (tarik)

S4 S3 Ra
S4
S3
Ra

RaH

S2

PERHITUNGAN JOINT Joint D Σ V = 0 -S4 – S8 + S3Sin α =

PERHITUNGAN JOINT

Joint D

ΣV = 0

-S4 S8 + S3Sinα = 0

-56 + S8 + 16 = 0

S8 = - 40 KN (tarik)

S8 = 40 KN (tekan)

ΣH = 0

S6 - 2 + S3Cosα = 0 S6 - 2 + 16 = 0 S6
S6 - 2 + S3Cosα = 0
S6 - 2 + 16 = 0
S6 = -14 KN (tarik)
S6 = 14 KN (tekan)
S8
S6
P
S4
S3
PERHITUNGAN JOINT Joint C Σ V = 0 -S1 – S5 + S7Sin α =

PERHITUNGAN JOINT

Joint C

ΣV = 0

-S1 S5 + S7Sinα = 0

0 S5 + 12 = 0

S5 = - 12 KN (tarik)

S5 = 12 KN (tekan)

ΣH = 0

P + S6 + S7Cosα = 0 2 - 14 + S7Cosα = 0 S7 = 16,8 KN (tarik)

S5 S1
S5
S1

S7

P

S6

PERHITUNGAN JOINT Joint F Σ V = 0 S12 + S8 - S7Sin α =

PERHITUNGAN JOINT

Joint F

ΣV = 0

S12 + S8 - S7Sinα = 0

S12 + 40 - 12 = 0

S12 = - 28 KN (tarik)

S12 = 28 KN (tekan)

ΣH = 0

S10 - P + S7Cosα = 0 S10 - 2 + 12 = 0 S10 = - 10 KN (tarik) S10 = 10 KN (tekan)

S12 S8
S12
S8

S7

S10

P

PERHITUNGAN JOINT Joint E Σ V = 0 S9 + S11 + S11Sin α =

PERHITUNGAN JOINT

Joint E

ΣV = 0

S9 + S11 + S11Sinα = 0

S9 + 8 + 12 = 0

S9 = - 20 KN (tarik)

S9 = 20 KN (tekan)

ΣH = 0

-S10 + P + S11Cosα = 0 -S10 + 2 - 12 = 0 S11 = 11,31 KN (tarik)

S9
S9

S5

P

S11

S10

PERHITUNGAN JOINT Joint H Σ V = 0 P - S12 + S11Sin α =

PERHITUNGAN JOINT

Joint H

ΣV = 0

P - S12 + S11Sinα = 0

20 - 28 + 8 = 0

0 = 0 Terbukti !!

ΣH = 0

S13 - P + S11Cosα = 0 S10 - 4 + 8 = 0 S13 = - 4 KN (tarik) S13 = 4 KN (tekan)

P

S12
S12

S13

S11

P

PERHITUNGAN JOINT Joint G Σ V = 0 S9 - P = 0 20 -

PERHITUNGAN JOINT

Joint G

ΣV = 0 S9 - P = 0

20 - 20 = 0

0 = 0 Terbukti!!

ΣH = 0

P S13 = 0

4

- 4 = 0

0

= 0

Terbukti!!

P P S9
P
P
S9

S13

PERHITUNGAN EA EA BATANG HORIZONTAL E baja = 83.10 6 KN/M 2 EA = (83.10

PERHITUNGAN EA

EA BATANG HORIZONTAL

E baja = 83.10 6 KN/M 2 EA = (83.10 6 ).1/4.3,14.(D 2 - d 2 ) EA = (83.10 6 ).(1/4).(3,14).(0,5 2 0,44d 2 ) EA = 3,68.10 6 KN

EA BATANG VERTIKAL

EA = (83.10 6 ).1/4.3,14.(D 2 - d 2 ) EA = (83.10 6 ).(1/4).(3,14).(0,6 2 0,5d 2 ) EA = 7,138.10 6 KN

EA BATANG DIAGONAL

EA = (83.10 6 ).1/4.3,14.(D 2 - d 2 ) EA = (83.10 6 ).(1/4).(3,14).(0,4 2 0,36d 2 ) EA = 7,138.10 6 KN

PENYELESAIAN

PENYELESAIAN Pengaruh P di titik H A) Menyebabkan δ Horizontal di titik H ( δ H

Pengaruh P di titik H

PENYELESAIAN Pengaruh P di titik H A) Menyebabkan δ Horizontal di titik H ( δ H

A) Menyebabkan δ Horizontal di titik H (δHH) Reaksi Perletakan di titik A ΣMB = 0

RA.10 + P.30 = 0

RA.10 + 1.30 = 0 RA = 30 KN (tarik), mengarah kebawah ΣMA = 0

-RB.10 + P.30 = 0

-RB.10 + 1.30 = 0 RB = 3 KN (tekan),mengarah keatas

ΣH = 0

RAH P = 0 RAH = P RAH = 1 KN

PERHITUNGAN JOINT Joint B Σ V = 0 R B + S4 = 0 3

PERHITUNGAN JOINT

Joint B ΣV = 0 RB + S4 = 0

3 + S4 = 0 S4 = - 3 KN (tarik) S4 = 3 KN (tekan)

ΣH = 0

S2 = 0

S4 S2 Rb
S4
S2
Rb

PERHITUNGAN JOINT

PERHITUNGAN JOINT Joint A Σ V = 0 -R A + S1 + S3Sin α =

Joint A

ΣV = 0 -RA + S1 + S3Sinα = 0

-3 + S1 + 1 = 0 S1 = 2 KN (tarik)

ΣH = 0

-RA + S2 + S3Cosα = 0 -1 + 0 + S3Cos45 = 0 S3 = 1,4 KN (tarik)

S1 S3 RaH Ra
S1
S3
RaH
Ra

S2

PERHITUNGAN JOINT Joint D Σ V = 0 -S4 + S8 - S3Sin α =

PERHITUNGAN JOINT

Joint D

ΣV = 0

-S4 + S8 - S3Sinα = 0

3 + S8 - 1 = 0

S8 = - 2 KN (tarik)

S8 = 2 KN (tekan)

ΣH = 0

S6 + S3Cosα = 0 S6 + 1 = 0 S6 = -1 KN (tarik) S6 = 1 KN (tekan)

S3
S3

S6

S8

S4

PERHITUNGAN JOINT Joint C Σ V = 0 -S1 + S5 + S7Sin α =

PERHITUNGAN JOINT

Joint C

ΣV = 0

-S1 + S5 + S7Sinα = 0

-2 + S5 + 1 = 0

S5 = 1 KN (tarik)

ΣH = 0

S6 + S7Cosα = 0 -1 + S7.0,5.1,4 = 0 S7 = 1,4 KN (tarik)

S5 S7 S6 S1
S5
S7
S6
S1
PERHITUNGAN JOINT Σ H = 0 Joint F Σ V = 0 S12 - S8

PERHITUNGAN JOINT

ΣH = 0

Joint F

ΣV = 0

S12 - S8 - S7Sinα = 0

S12 + 2 - 1 = 0

S12 = - 1 KN (tarik)

S12 = 1 KN (tekan)

S10 + S7Cosα = 0 S10 + 1 = 0 S10 = - 1 KN
S10 + S7Cosα = 0
S10 + 1 = 0
S10 = - 1 KN (tarik)
S10 = 1 KN (tekan)
S12
S10
S7
S8
PERHITUNGAN JOINT Joint E Σ V = 0 S9 - S5 + S11Sin α =

PERHITUNGAN JOINT

Joint E

ΣV = 0

S9 - S5 + S11Sinα = 0

S9 - 1 + 1 = 0

S9 = 0

ΣH = 0

S10 + S11Cosα = 0 1 S11Cosα = 0 S11 = 1,4 KN (tarik)

S9 S5
S9
S5

S11

S10

PERHITUNGAN JOINT Joint H Σ H = 0 S13 - P + S11Cos α =

PERHITUNGAN JOINT

Joint H

ΣH = 0

S13 - P + S11Cosα = 0 S10 - 1 + 1 = 0 S13 = 0

ΣV = 0

S12 + S11Sinα = 0 S12 + 1 = 0 S12 = -1 KN (tarik)

S12 = 1 KN (tekan)

S13 S11 S12
S13
S11
S12

P

TABEL LENDUTAN HORIZONTAL Tabel Lendutan Horizontal di titik H Batang Ni Ni^ EA Li (Ni^.N.Li)/EA

TABEL LENDUTAN HORIZONTAL

Tabel Lendutan Horizontal di titik H

Batang

Ni

Ni^

EA

Li

(Ni^.N.Li)/EA

AC

0

2

7,138.10 6

10

0

AB

0

0

3,68.10

6

10

0

AD

22,4

1,4

1,98.10

6

14

2,28. 10 -4

BD

-56

-3

7,138.10

6

10

2,35.10 -4

CE

-12

1

7,138.10

6

10

2,38. 10 -5

CD

-14

-1

3,68.10

6

10

3,8. 10 -5

CF

16,8

1,4

1,98.10

6

14

1,71. 10 -6

DF

-40

-2

7,138.10

6

10

1,12.10 -4

EG

-20

0

7,138.10

6

10

0

EF

-10

-1

3,68.10

6

10

2,7. 10 -5

EH

11,2

1,4

1,98.10

6

14

1,14. 10 -4

FH

-28

-1

7,138.10 6

10

-39,23.10 -5

GH

-4

0

3,68.10 6

10

0

Jadi Lendutan Horizontal di titik H

Σ = 9,88. 10

-4

m

PENYELESAIAN Pengaruh P di titik H B) Menyebabkan δ Vertikal di titik H ( δ

PENYELESAIAN

Pengaruh P di titik H

B) Menyebabkan δ Vertikal di titik H (δHv) Reaksi Perletakan di titik A ΣMB = 0

RA.10 = 0

RA.10 = 0 RA = 0

di titik A Σ M B = 0 R A .10 = 0 R A. 10

ΣMA = 0

-RB.10 - P.10 = 0

-RB.10 - P.10 = 0 RB = -1 KN (tarik),mengarah kebawah

PERHITUNGAN JOINT

PERHITUNGAN JOINT Joint B Σ V = 0 R B + S4 = 0 -1 +

Joint B ΣV = 0 RB + S4 = 0

-1 + S4 = 0 S4 = 1 KN (tarik)

ΣH = 0

S2 = 0

PERHITUNGAN JOINT Joint B Σ V = 0 R B + S4 = 0 -1 +

S2

S4

Rb

PERHITUNGAN JOINT

PERHITUNGAN JOINT Joint A Σ V = 0 -R A + S1 + S3Sin α =

Joint A

ΣV = 0 -RA + S1 + S3Sinα = 0

0 + S1 + 0 = 0 S1 = 0 KN

ΣH = 0

-RA + S2 + S3Cosα = 0 -0 + 0 + S3Cos45 = 0 S3 = 0 KN

S1 S3 Ra
S1
S3
Ra

S2

PERHITUNGAN JOINT Joint D Σ V = 0 S4 + S8 + S3Sin α =

PERHITUNGAN JOINT

Joint D

ΣV = 0

S4 + S8 + S3Sinα = 0

-1 + S8 - 0 = 0

S8 = 1 KN (tarik)

ΣH = 0

S6 + S3Cosα = 0 S6 + 0 = 0 S6 = 0 KN

S8 S6 S4 S3
S8
S6
S4
S3
PERHITUNGAN JOINT Joint C Σ V = 0 -S1 + S5 + S7Sin α =

PERHITUNGAN JOINT

Joint C

ΣV = 0

-S1 + S5 + S7Sinα = 0

0 + S5 + 0 = 0

S5 = 0 KN

ΣH = 0

S6 + S7Cosα = 0 0 + S7Cosα = 0 S7 = 0 KN

S5 S7 S6 S1
S5
S7
S6
S1
PERHITUNGAN JOINT Joint F Σ V = 0 S12 - S8 - S7Sin α =

PERHITUNGAN JOINT

Joint F

ΣV = 0

S12 - S8 - S7Sinα = 0

S12 - 1 + 0 = 0

S12 = 1 KN (tarik)

ΣH = 0

S10 + S7Cosα = 0 S10 + 0 = 0 S10 = 0 KN

S12 S10 S7 S8
S12
S10
S7
S8
PERHITUNGAN JOINT Joint E Σ V = 0 S9 - S5 + S11Sin α =

PERHITUNGAN JOINT

Joint E

ΣV = 0

S9 - S5 + S11Sinα = 0

S9 - 0 + 0 = 0

S9 = 0

ΣH = 0

S10 + S11Cosα = 0 S11Cosα = 0 S11 = 0 KN

S9 S11 S10 S5
S9
S11
S10
S5
PERHITUNGAN JOINT Joint H Σ H = 0 S13 + S11Cos α = 0 S13

PERHITUNGAN JOINT

Joint H

ΣH = 0

S13 + S11Cosα = 0 S13 + 0 = 0 S13 = 0

ΣV = 0

P - S12 - S11Sinα = 0

S11Sinα - 1 + 1 = 0

S11 = 0

P S13 S11 S12
P
S13
S11
S12
TABEL LENDUTAN HORIZONTAL Tabel Lendutan Vertikal di titik H Batang Ni Ni^ EA Li (Ni^.N.Li)/EA

TABEL LENDUTAN HORIZONTAL

Tabel Lendutan Vertikal di titik H

Batang

Ni

Ni^

EA

Li

(Ni^.N.Li)/EA

AC

0

0

7,138.10 6

10

0

AB

0

0

3,68.10

6

10

0

AD

22,6

0

1,98.10

6

14

0

BD

-56

1

7,138.10

6

10

-78,45.10 -6

CE

-12

0

7,138.10

6

10

0

CD

-14

0

3,68.10

6

10

0

CF

16,8

0

1,98.10

6

14

0

DF

-40

1

7,138.10

6

10

-56,04. 10 -6

EG

-20

0

7,138.10

6

10

0

EF

-10

0

3,168.10

6

10

0

EH

11,2

0

1,98.10 6

10

0

FH

-28

1

7,138.10 6

10

-39,23. 10 -6

GH

-4

0

3,98.10 6

14

0

Jadi Lendutan Vertikal di titik H

Σ = -17,372. 10

-5

m

PENYELESAIAN

PENYELESAIAN Pengaruh P di titik H C) Menyebabkan δ Horizontal di titik D ( δ D

Pengaruh P di titik H

C) Menyebabkan δ Horizontal di

titik D (δDH) Reaksi Perletakan di titik A & B

ΣMB = 0

RA.10 + P.10 = 0

RA = -1 KN (tarik), mengarah kebawah

ΣMA = 0

-RB.10 + P.10 = 0

-RB.10 + P.10 = 0 RB = 1 KN (tekan), mengarah ke atas

+ P.10 = 0 -R B. 10 + P.10 = 0 R B = 1 KN

ΣH = 0

RAx P = 0 RAx = P RAx = 1 KN

PERHITUNGAN JOINT Joint H Σ H = 0 S13 + S11Cos α = 0 0

PERHITUNGAN JOINT

Joint H

ΣH = 0

S13 + S11Cosα = 0 0 + S11 = 0 S11 = 0

ΣV = 0

S11 + S12 = 0 0 + S12 = 0

S12 = 0

S13 S11 S12
S13
S11
S12
PERHITUNGAN JOINT Joint E Σ V = 0 S9 - S5 + S11Sin α =

PERHITUNGAN JOINT

Joint E

ΣV = 0

S9 - S5 + S11Sinα = 0

0 - S5 + 0 = 0

S5 = 0

ΣH = 0

S10 + S11Cosα = 0 S10 + 0 = 0 S10 = 0 KN

S9 S5
S9
S5

S11

S10

PERHITUNGAN JOINT Joint F Σ V = 0 S12 - S8 - S7Sin α =

PERHITUNGAN JOINT

Joint F

ΣV = 0

S12 - S8 - S7Sinα = 0

0 - S8 + 0 = 0

S8 = 0 KN (tarik)

ΣH = 0

S10 + S7Cosα = 0 0 + S7 = 0 S7 = 0 KN

S12 S10 S7 S8
S12
S10
S7
S8
PERHITUNGAN JOINT Joint C Σ V = 0 -S1 + S5 + S7Sin α =

PERHITUNGAN JOINT

Joint C

ΣV = 0

-S1 + S5 + S7Sinα = 0

-S1 + 0 + 0 = 0

S1 = 0 KN

ΣH = 0

S6 + S7Cosα = 0 S6 + 0 = 0 S6 = 0 KN

S5 S7 S6 S1
S5
S7
S6
S1
PERHITUNGAN JOINT Joint D Σ V = 0 -S4 + S8 - S3Sin α =

PERHITUNGAN JOINT

Joint D

ΣV = 0

-S4 + S8 - S3Sinα = 0

-S4 + 0 - 1 = 0

S4 = -1 KN (tarik)

S4 = 1 KN (tekan)

ΣH = 0

1 - S6 - S3Cosα = 0 1 - 0 + S3Cosα = 0 S3Cosα = 1

S3 = 1,4 KN

S8 P S4 S3
S8
P
S4
S3

S6

PERHITUNGAN JOINT

PERHITUNGAN JOINT Joint A Σ V = 0 -R A + S1 + S3Sin α =

Joint A

ΣV = 0 -RA + S1 + S3Sinα = 0

-1 + o + 1 = 0 0 = 0 KN

ΣH = 0

-RA + S2 + S3Cosα = 0 -1 + S2 + 1 = 0 S2 = 0 KN

S1 S3 RaX Ra
S1
S3
RaX
Ra

S2

TABEL LENDUTAN HORIZONTAL Tabel Lendutan Horizontal di titik D Batang Ni Ni^ EA Li (Ni^.N.Li)/EA

TABEL LENDUTAN HORIZONTAL

Tabel Lendutan Horizontal di titik D

Batang

Ni

Ni^

EA

Li

(Ni^.N.Li)/EA

AC

0

0

7,138.10 6

10

0

AB

0

0

3,68.10

6

10

0

AD

22,4

1,4

1,98.10

6

14

2,2. 10 -4

BD

-56

-1

7,138.10

6

10

7,84. 10 -5

CE

-12

0

7,138.10

6

10

0

CD

-14

0

3,68.10

6

10

0

CF

16,8

0

1,98.10

6

14

0

DF

-40

0

7,138.10

6

10

0

EG

-20

0

7,138.10

6

10

0

EF

-10

0

3,168.10

6

10

0

EH

11,2

0

1,98.10 6

14

0

FH

-28

0

7,138.10 6

10

0

GH

-4

0

3,68.10 6

10

0

Jadi Lendutan Horizontal di titik D

Σ = 3. 10 -4

m

TERIMA KASIH ATAS PERHATIANNYA See more on : bagusrengga.wordpress.com Contact : bagooes88@yahoo.com

TERIMA KASIH ATAS PERHATIANNYA

See more on :

bagusrengga.wordpress.com Contact :

bagooes88@yahoo.com