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DAFTAR GAMBAR

Halaman
Gambar 1.1.

Siklus atau Jentera Batuan.............................................................

Gambar 1.2. Bowen Reaction Series...................................................................

Gambar 2.1. Struktur Batuan Beku Masif..........................................................

22

Gambar 2.2. Columnar Joint..............................................................................

23

Gambar 2.3. Sheeting Joint................................................................................. 23


Gambar 2.4. Struktur Batuan Beku Pillow Lava................................................

24

Gambar 2.5. Struktur Batuan Beku Vesikuler..................................................... 24


Gambar 2.6. Struktur Batuan Beku Amigdaloidal..............................................

25

Gambar 2.7. Struktur Batuan Beku Skoria.........................................................

25

Gambar 2.8. Struktur Batuan Beku Xenolit........................................................ 25


Gambar 2.9. Struktur Batuan Beku Autobreccia................................................

26

Gambar 2.10. Diorit Porfir.................................................................................... 36


Gambar 2.11. Dasit Porfir..................................................................................... 38
Gambar 2.12. Obsidian.........................................................................................

40

Gambar 2.13. Granit.............................................................................................

42

Gambar 2.14. Diorit Porfir.................................................................................... 44


Gambar 2.15. Obsidian.........................................................................................

46

Gambar 2.16. Andesit...........................................................................................

48

Gambar 2.17. Gabro.............................................................................................

50

Gambar 2.18. Diorit Porfir.................................................................................... 52


Gambar 2.19. Granit.............................................................................................

54

Gambar 3.1. Very Well Sorted.............................................................................

60

Gambar 3.2. Well Sorted.....................................................................................

61

Gambar 3.3. Medium Sorted...............................................................................

61

Gambar 3.4. Poorly Sorted.................................................................................

62

Gambar 3.5. Very Poorly Sorted......................................................................... 62


Gambar 3.6. Angular.......................................................................................... 63
Gambar 3.7. Subangular..................................................................................... 63
Gambar 3.8. Subrounded.................................................................................... 63
Gambar 3.9. Rounded......................................................................................... 64
Gambar 3.10. Well Rounded................................................................................. 64
Gambar 3.11. Porositas......................................................................................... 65
Gambar 3.12. Kemas Terbuka.............................................................................. 65
Gambar 3.13. Kemas Tertutup.............................................................................. 66
Gambar 3.14. Skoria............................................................................................. 66
Gambar 3.15. Vesikuler........................................................................................ 67
Gambar 3.16. Amigdaloidal................................................................................. 67
Gambar 3.17. Masif.............................................................................................. 67
Gambar 3.18. Klasifikasi Batuan Piroklastik....................................................... 69
Gambar 3.19. Ribbon Bomb.................................................................................. 70
Gambar 3.20. Cored Bomb................................................................................... 70
Gambar 3.21. Bread Crust Bomb.......................................................................... 71
Gambar 3.22. Vulcanic Block............................................................................... 71
Gambar 3.23. Lapili Tuff....................................................................................... 72
Gambar 3.24. Breksi Piroklastik........................................................................... 73
Gambar 3.25. Aglomerat...................................................................................... 73
Gambar 3.26. Lapili.............................................................................................. 74
Gambar 3.27. Tuff................................................................................................. 74
Gambar 3.28. Ignimbrit........................................................................................ 75
Gambar 3.29. Pyroclastic Flow Breccia............................................................... 75
Gambar 3.30. Vitrik Tuff....................................................................................... 76
Gambar 3.31. Welded Tuff..................................................................................... 76
Gambar 3.32. Diagram Segitiga Williams............................................................ 78
Gambar 3.33. Diagram Segitiga Fisher................................................................ 79
Gambar 3.34. Batuapung...................................................................................... 82

Gambar 3.35. Batuapung......................................................................................

84

Gambar 3.36. Batutuff..........................................................................................

86

Gambar 3.37. Batutuff..........................................................................................

88

Gambar 4.1. Flood Plain....................................................................................

92

Gambar 4.2. Tanah Loss.....................................................................................

92

Gambar 4.3. Drumlin..........................................................................................

93

Gambar 4.4. Dolomite.........................................................................................

93

Gambar 4.5. Talus...............................................................................................

94

Gambar 4.6. Delta...............................................................................................

94

Gambar 4.7. Syn-depositional.............................................................................

96

Gambar 4.8. Post-depositional...........................................................................

96

Gambar 4.9. Pre-depositional.............................................................................

97

Gambar 4.10. Lingkungan / Cekungan Pengendapan..........................................

97

Gambar 4.11. Breksi.............................................................................................

98

Gambar 4.12. Batulanau.......................................................................................

98

Gambar 4.13. Batugamping Terumbu...................................................................

99

Gambar 4.14. Batu Rijang....................................................................................

99

Gambar 4.15. Gpysum.......................................................................................... 100


Gambar 4.16. Batubara......................................................................................... 100
Gambar 4.17. Struktur Batuan Sedimen Klastik Sewaktu Pengendapan............. 104
Gambar 4.18. Struktur Batuan Sedimen Klastik Setelah Pengendapan............... 105
Gambar 4.19. Struktur Batuan Sedimen Klastik Sebelum Pengendapan............. 106
Gambar 4.20. Perlapisan Sejajar........................................................................... 107
Gambar 4.21. Laminasi......................................................................................... 107
Gambar 4.22. Perlapisan Pilihan.......................................................................... 108
Gambar 4.23. Perlapian Silang Siur..................................................................... 108
Gambar 4.24. Gelembur Gelombang.................................................................... 109
Gambar 4.25. Rekah Kerucut............................................................................... 109
Gambar 4.26. Cetak Suling................................................................................... 110
Gambar 4.27. Cetak Beban................................................................................... 110

Gambar 4.28. Bekas Jejak Organisme.................................................................. 111


Gambar 4.29. Slump............................................................................................. 111
Gambar 4.30. Derajat Pemilahan.......................................................................... 113
Gambar 4.31. Derajat Pembundaran..................................................................... 114
Gambar 4.32. Fossiliferous................................................................................... 115
Gambar 4.33. Oolitik............................................................................................ 116
Gambar 4.34. Pisolitik.......................................................................................... 116
Gambar 4.35. Konkresi......................................................................................... 117
Gambar 4.36. Bioherm.......................................................................................... 117
Gambar 4.37. Cone in Cone................................................................................. 117
Gambar 4.38. Biostrom......................................................................................... 118
Gambar 4.39. Septaria.......................................................................................... 118
Gambar 4.40. Geode............................................................................................. 119
Gambar 4.41. Styolite........................................................................................... 119
Gambar 4.42. Isolated Platforms.......................................................................... 121
Gambar 4.43. Mud Stone...................................................................................... 122
Gambar 4.44. Wake Stone..................................................................................... 122
Gambar 4.45. Pack Stone...................................................................................... 123
Gambar 4.46. Grain Stone.................................................................................... 123
Gambar 4.47. Bound Stone................................................................................... 123
Gambar 4.48. Kalkarenit....................................................................................... 127
Gambar 4.49. Batugamping Fosfat....................................................................... 127
Gambar 4.50. Batubara......................................................................................... 130
Gambar 4.51. Batulempung Laminasi.................................................................. 132
Gambar 4.52. Batugamping.................................................................................. 134
Gambar 4.53. Batugamping.................................................................................. 136
Gambar 4.54. Batugamping Terumbu................................................................... 138
Gambar 4.55. Batupasir Halus.............................................................................. 140
Gambar 4.56. Batupasir Sedang........................................................................... 142
Gambar 4.57. Batupasir Kasar.............................................................................. 144

Gambar 4.58. Batulempung.................................................................................. 146


Gambar 4.59. Batulanau....................................................................................... 148
Gambar 5.1. Struktur Slatycleavage................................................................... 156
Gambar 5.2. Struktur Phylitic............................................................................. 157
Gambar 5.3. Struktur Schistosa.......................................................................... 157
Gambar 5.4. Struktur Gneissic............................................................................ 158
Gambar 5.5. Struktur Hornfelsik........................................................................ 159
Gambar 5.6. Struktur Minolitik.......................................................................... 160
Gambar 5.7. Struktur Kataklastik....................................................................... 160
Gambar 5.8. Struktur Pilonitik............................................................................ 161
Gambar 5.9. Struktur Flaser................................................................................ 161
Gambar 5.10. Struktur Augen............................................................................... 162
Gambar 5.11. Struktur Granulose........................................................................ 162
Gambar 5.12. Struktur Liniasi.............................................................................. 163
Gambar 5.13. Struktur Lepidoblastik................................................................... 164
Gambar 5.14. Struktur Granoblastik..................................................................... 164
Gambar 5.15. Tekstur Namatoblastik................................................................... 165
Gambar 5.16. Tekstur Idioblastik......................................................................... 165
Gambar 5.17. Tekstur Porfiroblastik..................................................................... 166
Gambar 5.18. Tekstur Xenoblastik....................................................................... 166
Gambar 5.19. Tekstur Balstoporfiritik.................................................................. 167
Gambar 5.20. Tekstur Balstosephit....................................................................... 167
Gambar 5.21. Tekstur Balstosamit........................................................................ 168
Gambar 5.22. Tekstur Balstopellite...................................................................... 168
Gambar 5.23. Silimanit......................................................................................... 170
Gambar 5.24. Garnet............................................................................................ 170
Gambar 5.25. Epidote........................................................................................... 171
Gambar 5.26. Sabak.............................................................................................. 172
Gambar 5.27. Gneiss............................................................................................. 172
Gambar 5.28. Marmer........................................................................................... 173

Gambar 5.29. Serpentin........................................................................................ 173


Gambar 5.30. Phylite............................................................................................ 179
Gambar 5.31. Sabak.............................................................................................. 181
Gambar 5.32. Marmer........................................................................................... 183
Gambar 5.33. Kuarsit............................................................................................ 185
Gambar 5.34. Gneiss............................................................................................. 187
Gambar 5.35. Serpentinit...................................................................................... 189
Gambar 5.36. Sekis Mika..................................................................................... 191
Gambar 5.37. Marmer........................................................................................... 193
Gambar 5.38. Serpentinit...................................................................................... 195
Gambar 5.39. Sekis Mika..................................................................................... 197
Gambar 6.1. Simbol-simbol Stratigrafi.............................................................. 214