Anda di halaman 1dari 2

ABSTRAK

Pengaruh Terapi Clay Terhadap Penurunan Skala Depresi pada Lansia di


Panti Sosial Tresna Werdha Wana Seraya
Denpasar 2015
Nyoman Adi Sedana.1, M. Fairuz Abadi, M.Si.2, I Nyoman Suastana,S.Kep.,Ns.3
Peningkatan jumlah lansia diikuti dengan meningkatnya resiko penyakit yang
disebabkan karena adanya faktor degeneratif, salah satunya adalah depresi. Lansia
depresi yang tidak mendapatkan penanganan secara baik dan benar maka dapat
berdampak pada lansia itu sendiri dan juga orang lain. Penanganan depresi pada
lansia diantaranya dapat dilakukan dengan terapi non farmakologi. Salah satu
terapi non farmakologi yang dapat diberikan adalah terapi clay. Penelitian ini
bertujuan untuk mengetahui adanya pengaruh terapi clay terhadap penurunan
skala depresi pada lansia di Panti Sosial Tresna Werdha Wana Seraya Denpasar
2015. Penelitian ini menggunakan Quasi-Eksperimen Design dengan rancangan
non random pre-test and post-test with control group design. Sampel terdiri dari
20 orang, 10 orang untuk kelompok perlakuan dan 10 orang untuk kelompok
kontrol. Pengumpulan data dengan menggunakan kuesioner Geriatric Depresion
Scale. Analisa data menggunakan uji t-test independent. Hasil p = 0,001 < 0,05
yang berarti Ha diterima. Artinya ada pengaruh terapi clay terhadap penurunan
skala depresi pada lansia. Diharapkan terapi clay digunakan sebagai alternatif
untuk menurunkan skala depresi pada lansia khususnya di Panti Sosial Tresna
Werdha Wana Seraya Denpasar.
Kata Kunci: Terapi clay, Skala depresi, Lansia

ABSTRACT
Clay Therapy Effects to Reduce Elderly Depression Scale
at Panti Sosial Tresna Werdha Wana Seraya
Denpasar 2015
Nyoman Adi Sedana.1, M. Fairuz Abadi, M.Si.2, I Nyoman Suastana,S.Kep.,Ns.3
An increasing number of elderly people followed with an increased risk of
diseases caused by degenerative diseases, such as depression. Depression is a
common problem of the elderly, but it is not a normal part of aging. Depression is
a serious illness that needs treatment. Untreated elderly depression can harm
both people who have it and their families. There are many treatment options
available for people with depression. One of them is non pharmacologic
treatments. Many studies have shown that people with depression prefer with this
kind of treatments than antidepressant medication because they have less side
effects. The clay art therapy is a kind of non pharmacological intervention method
for elderly depression. Clay therapy is proven in reducing stress and depression
problem. This study reviews the clay therapy effects to reduce elderly depression
scale at Panti Sosial Tresna Werdha Wana Seraya Denpasar 2015. This study
used quasi-experimental design with non random design pre-test and post-test.
The sample on this study consisted of 20 elderly, 10 elderly in the treatment group
and 10 elderly to the control group. Data was collected using the Geriatric
Depression Scale questionnaire. Data was analyzed using independent t-test. The
results p = 0.001 < 0.05 means Ha was accepted. This means that clay therapy
has effect to reduce of elderly depression scale. In conclusion, clay therapy can be
used as an alternative therapy to reduce the scale of depression in the elderly,
especially in Panti Sosial Tresna Werdha Wana Seraya Denpasar.
Keywords: Clay Therapy, Depression Scale, Elderly

ii