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DAFTAR ISI

Halaman
ABSTRAK .............................................................................................................i
KATA PENGANTAR ............................................................................................ii
DAFTAR ISI ..........................................................................................................v
DAFTAR TABEL ..................................................................................................ix
DAFTAR GAMBAR .............................................................................................xi
DAFTAR LAMPIRAN..........................................................................................xii
BAB 1 PENDAHULUAN
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.

Latar Belakang Masalah.......................................................................1


Rumusan Masalah.................................................................................6
Tujuan Penulisan...................................................................................6
Manfaat Penelitian................................................................................7
Batasan Masalah...................................................................................7
Definisi Operasional.............................................................................8
Kerangka Berfikir.................................................................................8
Hipotesis ..............................................................................................15

BAB II KAJIAN PUSTAKA


A. Model Pembelajaran Kooperatif...........................................................16
1. Pengertian Model Pembelajaran Kooperatif...................................16
2. Unsur-unsur Model Pembelajaran Kooperatif................................17
B. Model Pembelajaran Kooperatif tipe Jigsaw........................................20
1. Pengertian Model Pembelajaran Kooperatif tipe Jigsaw................20
2. Langkah-langkah Model Pembelajaran Kooperatif tipe Jigsaw.....21
3. Kelebihan dan Kekurangan Model Pembelajaran Kooperatif tipe
Jigsaw
.........................................................................................................
24
C. Hasil Belajar..........................................................................................26
1. Pengertian Hasil Belajar.................................................................26
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2. Tipe Hasil Belajar Kognitif.............................................................27


3. Indikator Hasil Belajar ...................................................................28
4. Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Hasil Belajar .....................................31
D. Deskripsi materi Pembelajaran Pencemaran Lingkungan....................32
1. Pengertian Pencemaran Lingkungan...............................................32
2. Macam-Macam Pencemaran Lingkungan......................................33
3. Penanganan Limbah .......................................................................47
BAB III METODE PENELITIAN

C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
I.
J.

A. Desain Penelitian..................................................................................51
B. Lokasi dan Waktu Penelitian ................................................................52
Populasi dan Sampel ...................................................................................53
Instrumen Penelitian....................................................................................54
Jenis Data.....................................................................................................55
Teknik Pengumpulan Data...........................................................................55
Analisis Instrumen.......................................................................................56
Analisis Data ...............................................................................................60
Prosedur Penelitian .....................................................................................65
Alur Penelitian ............................................................................................67

BAB IV HASIL PENELITIAN DAN PEMBAHASAN


A. Hasil Penelitian.....................................................................................68
1. Penelitian Pendahuluan ...................................................................69
2. Analisis Hasil Penelitian .................................................................71
a. Hasil belajar siswa kelas eksperimen dengan
menggunakan model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe
Jigsaw pada materi pencemaran lingkungan
........................................................................................
72
b. Hasil belajar siswa kelas kontrol menggunakan
metode ceramah pada materi pencemaran lingkungan
........................................................................................
74
c. Pengaruh terhadap hasil belajar siswa setelah
dilakukan penggunaan model pembelajaran kooperatif
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tipe Jigsaw pada materi pencemaran lingkungan


........................................................................................
77
B. Pembahasan
.......................................................................................................
83
1. Hasil Belajar siswa kelas eksperimen dengan menggunakan model
pembelajaran kooperatif tipe Jigsaw pada materi pencemaran
lingkungan
..................................................................................................................
83
2. Hasil Belajar siswa kelas eksperimen dengan menggunakan metode
ceramah pada materi pencemaran lingkungan
..................................................................................................................
84
3. Pengaruh terhadap hasil belajar siswa setelah dilakukan pembelajaran
model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe Jigsaw pada materi pencemaran
lingkungan
..................................................................................................................
85
BAB V KESIMPULAN DAN SARAN
A. Kesimpulan .................................................................................................91
B. Saran............................................................................................................92
DAFTAR PUSTAKA ............................................................................................93
LAMPIRAN-LAMPIRAN
A. Perangkat Pembelajaran...............................................................................96
B. Instrumen dan Analisis Uji Coba Soal.........................................................148
C. Instrumen dan Data Hasil Penelitian...........................................................198
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D.
E.
F.
G.

Daftar Tabel.................................................................................................249
Surat-Surat penelitian..................................................................................253
Dokumentasi Penelitian...............................................................................258
Sample dan Hasil Penelitian........................................................................265

DAFTAR TABEL
Halaman
Tabel 2.1 Jenis, Indikator dan Cara Evaluasi Hasil Belajar Kognitif......................29
Tabel 2.2 Komposisi Udara Bersih dan Kering ......................................................40
Tabel 2.3 Sumber Bahan Alami Pencemar Udara....................................................41
Tabel.2.4 Macam-Macam Bahan Pencemar dan Pengaruhnya Bagi Kesehatan
.................................................................................................................................
42
Tabel 2.5 Daftar Skala Intensitas ............................................................................45
Tabel 3.1 Desain Penelitian .....................................................................................51
Tabel 3.2 Klasifikasi Indeks Validitas......................................................................57
Tabel 3.3 Klasifikasi Nilai Reliabilitas....................................................................58
Tabel 3.4 Kriteria Penilaian Tingkat Kesukaran Soal..............................................58
Tabel 3.5 Kriteria Penilaian Daya Pembeda............................................................59
Tabel 3.6 Interpretasi Kriteria Tingkat Pemahaman Konsep Siswa........................60
Tabel 4.1 Jadwal Uji Coba Soal dan Penelitian.......................................................68
Tabel 4.2 Kisi-Kisi Soal Uji Coba ..........................................................................69
Tabel 4.3 Rekapitulasi Data Hasil Uji Coba Soal ..................................................70
Tabel 4.4 Kisi-Kisi Soal Penelitian..........................................................................70
Tabel 4.5 Kisi-Kisi Tingkat Kesukaran Soal............................................................70
Tabel 4.6 Data Perolehan Nilai Rata-Rata Pretest dan Posttest Kelas Eksperimen 72

Tabel.4.7.Presentase (%) Jumlah Nilai Siswa Kelas Eksperimen Berdasarkan


Tingkat Pemahaman Materi
.................................................................................................................
73
Tabel 4.8 Data Perolehan Nilai Rata-Rata Pretest dan Posttest Kelas Kontrol.......74
Tabel 4.9 Presentase (%) Jumlah Nilai Siswa Kelas Kontrol Berdasarkan Tingkat
Pemahaman Materi..................................................................................75
Tabel 4.10 Data Perolehan Rata-Rata Nilai Pretest dan Posttest Kelas Eksperimen
dan kontrol............................................................................................77
Tabel 4.11 Presentase (%) Skor Pretest dan Posttest Untuk Setiap Indikator Hasil
Belajar ..................................................................................................78
Tabel 4.12 Hasil Analisis Uji Normalitas................................................................81
Tabel 4.13 Hasil Analisis Uji Homogenitas ............................................................81
Tabel 4.14 Hasil Analisis Uji Hipotesis ..................................................................82

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DAFTAR GAMBAR
Halaman
Gambar 1.1 Skema Kerangka Berfikir....................................................................14
Gambar 2.1 Ilustrasi Kelompok Jigsaw...................................................................22
Gambar 2.2 Pencemaran Tanah ..............................................................................35
Gambar 2.3 Pencemaran Air....................................................................................38
Gambar 2.4 Pencemaran Udara ..............................................................................42
Gambar 2.5 Pemanasan Global/Grreen House Effect .............................................44
Gambar 2.6 Pencemaran Suara ...............................................................................46
Gambar 3.1 Alur Penelitian.....................................................................................67
Gambar.4.1.Diagram Batang Rata-Rata Nilai Pretest dan Posttest Kelas
.Eksperimen
...............................................................................................................
72
Gambar.4.2.Presentase (%) Jumlah Nilai Siswa Kelas Eksperimen Berdasarkan
Tingkat Pemahaman Materi
............................................................................................................
74
Gambar 4.3 Diagram Batang Rata-Rata Nilai Pretest dan Posttest Kelas Kontrol
.................................................................................................................
75
.................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................
Gambar.4.4.Presentase (%) Jumlah Nilai Siswa Kelas Kontrol Berdasarkan
Tingkat Pemahaman Materi

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............................................................................................................
76
Gambar.4.5..Diagram Batang Data Perolehan Rata-Rata Nilai Pretest dan
Posttest Kelas Eksperimen dan Kontrol
............................................................................................................
77
Gambar.4.6 Presentase (%) Skor Pretest dan Posttest untuk Setiap Indikator
Hasil Belajar Siswa
............................................................................................................
79
Gambar.4.7..Presentase Rata-Rata Indikator Hasil Belajar Pada Kelas
Eksperimen dan Kontrol
............................................................................................................
80
DAFTAR LAMPIRAN
Halaman
LAMPIRAN A PERANGKAT PEMBELAJARAN
A.1 Silabus ......................................................................................96
A.2 RPP Kelas Eksperimen .............................................................99
A.3 RPP Kelas Kontrol ...................................................................121
A.4 Lembar Diskusi Siswa ..............................................................143
A.5 Lembar Kerja Siswa .................................................................146
LAMPIRAN B INSTRUMEN DAN ANALISIS DATA UJI COBA SOAL

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B.1 Kisi-Kisi Uji Coba Soal.............................................................148


B.2 Instrumen Soal Uji Coba ..........................................................150
B.3 Soal Uji Coba ...........................................................................168
B.4 Perhitungan Hasil Uji Coba ......................................................179
B.5 Analisis Hasil Uji Coba Soal ....................................................194
LAMPIRAN C INSTRUMEN DAN HASIL PENELITIAN
C.1 Kisi-Kisi Soal Penelitian ..........................................................198
C.2 Soal Pretest Dan Posttest ..........................................................200
C.3 Kunci Jawaban ..........................................................................207
C.4 Analisis Data Hasil Penelitian ..................................................208
LAMPIRAN D DAFTAR TABEL
D.1 Tabel Luas Di Bawah Lengkung 0 Ke Z ..................................249
D.2 Tabel Nilai Chi Kuadrat ............................................................250
D.3 Tabel Nilai Distribusi F ............................................................251
D.4 Tabel Nilai Distribusi t .............................................................252
LAMPIRAN E SURAT-SURAT PENELITIAN
E.1 Surat Keputusan Pembimbing Skripsi ......................................253
E.2 Surat Izin Uji Coba Soal ...........................................................254
E.3 Surat Keterangan Uji Coba Soal ...............................................255
E.4 Surat Izin Penelitian ..................................................................256
E.5 Surat Keterangan Penelitian ......................................................257
LAMPIRAN F DOKUMENTASI PENELITIAN
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F.1 Dokumentasi Penelitian Kelas Eksperimen ..............................258


F.2 Dokumentasi Penelitian Kelas Kontrol .....................................261
F.3 Hasil Wawancara .......................................................................264
LAMPIRAN G SAMPEL HASIL PENELITIAN

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