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BAGIAN 02
PERSYARATAN KESELAMATAN UMUM DI KONSTRUKSI

DAFTAR ISI

2.1 UMUM
2.2 IZIN UNTUK BEKERJA
2.3 PROSEDUR KERJA PANAS
2.4 KESELAMATAN PRIBADI
2.5 KESELAMATAN KONSTRUKSI
2.6 KESELAMATAN PADA PENYEMPROTAN DAN
PENGECATAN
2.7 KESELAMATAN PADA PERANCAH
2.8 KESELAMATAN LISTRIK
2.9 KESELAMATAN UMUM PADA ALAT DAN
PERALATAN

Disetujui Oleh Diperiksa Oleh

Ir. Dedy Haryadi Nindy Febriani


Director HSE Officer

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BAGIAN 02
UMUM PERSYARATAN KESELAMATAN DI KONSTRUKSI

2.1 UMUM

2.1.1 Pendahuluan
Secara umum, fasilitas lepas pantai yang padat, tenaga kerja
intensif dan jauh dari dukungan biasanya. Daengan demikian
wajib untuk mengikuti rencana dan prosedur sehingga untuk
memastikan operasi yang aman

2.1.2 Operasi Lepas Pantai


Fasilitas Pasang dan pemasangan
Pengeboran
Produksi
Pengerjaan kembali/baris kawat
Konstruksi
Kombinasi dari atas

2.2 IZIN KERJA

2.2.1 Tujuan
Untuk memberikan sarana komunikasi yang
bersangkutan untuk setiap pekerja yang merupakan
pekerjaan tidak rutin dan tidak setiap departemen
dilakukan
Untuk memberikan kontrol tambahan yang mungkin
mempengaruhi itu

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Untuk melaksanakan pekerjaan sesuai dengan praktek


kerja yang aman.
Untuk mencegah cedera dan kecelakaan untuk personil
dan kerusakan pabrik dan peralatan.

2.2.2 Fungsi
Memungkinkan perencanaan, pelaksanaan dan kerja
sama kerja antara pekerja yang bersangkutan.
Memungkinkan komunikasi antara mereka yang
melakukan operasi dan orang-orang yang bisa
dipengaruhi oleh operasi.
Memungkinkan pelaksanaan tindakan pengamanan
membuat pelaksanaan pekerjaan aman dan keselamatan
pekerja.
Memastikan menegakkan praktek kerja yang aman
secara terus-menerus selama pekerjaan.

2.2.3 Provision
Appropriate procedures ensuring standard precautions
are taken.
Specifying work to be carried out and equipment used
Specifying precautions and appropriate measures to be
enforced before work commences.
Necessary requirements to be fulfilled before authorized
to work and continual monitoring of work progress.

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2.3 HOT WORK PROCEDURES.

2.3.1 Purpose
To ensure operations involving hot work or open flame
are strictly controlled and all precautionary measures
taken before such work commences.
To ensure all concerned personnel/engineering
disciplines are aware of the work and precautions taken.

2.3.2 Classification
Operations involving potential source of ignition requires
a hot work permit.
The following operations are categorised as hot works:
- Electric arc welding
- Ox-acetylene cutting
- Grinding
- Blasting
- Non intrinsically safe electrical test equipment

2.3.3 Provisions
No hot work shall be carried out until the working area
has been designated GAS FREE.
Hot work procedure only covers operations for limited
periods whereby the working conditions will remain safe.
Testing, inspection and renewal of permit will be required
on a regular basis for prolonged operations

2.3.4 Precautions
Eliminates as far as possible the risk of fire or explosion
caused by an ignition source.

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Worksite must be kept free from obstructions and


combustible material.
Fire fighting equipment must be available at the worksite.
Fire hose should be pressurized and on standby.
Personnel in charge of the operation must be
continuously present during the hit work period and
authorized to stop the operation if work deemed unsafe.
Authorized gas tester shall continuously monitor the
presence of gas.

2.4 PERSONAL SAFETY.

2.4.1 Personal Responsibilities


Individual has the responsibility to act positively to
present accidents from occurring.
Individual should avoid unsafe practices or creating
unsafe conditions.
Individual should perform his duties in a safe manner,
observing Companys rules and regulations.

2.4.2 Personal Conduct


Perform work related duties in a safe manner
Be alert to hazardous situations. Report immediately to
supervisor for action.
Request further assistant if the safety of the work deems
it necessary
Observe safe practices in handling tools and equipment.
Report promptly to Supervisor any injury sustained or any
significant incident that may result in future personal
injury or property damage.

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Adhere strictly to the rules and regulations imposed at the


worksite. Prohibitions shall be strictly followed.

2.4.3 General Knowledge Safety


Personnel working on worksite must be familiar with:
Emergency alarm
Fire exit
Fire fighting gear
Emergency equipment
Location of alarms and fire fighting equipment
Mustering points
Safety code of practice

2.4.4 Personal Protective Equipment


The company stipulates that the personal protective
equipment be strictly adhered to:
Safety helmets must be worn at all worksites irrespective
of the risks.
Approved protective footwear must be worn at all
worksites.
Appropriate type of spectacles/goggles must be worn.
Approved coveralls/uniforms to be worn for normal day
working.
The above stipulates the minimum requirements for personal
safety. Specific tasks carried out by each discipline must
have additional protective safety equipment utilised e.g.
Full blasting equipment used by blasters during blasting
activities.
Breathing apparatus used when entering into confined
space.

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2.5 CONSTRUCTION SAFETY.

2.5.1 General
Structural / mechanical construction involving hot work
such as welding, grinding and oxy-cutting is a major
cause of fire out-breaks
Ensure all safety precautions are taken to avoid any fire
hazard.

2.5.2 Safety Requirements


A work permit/a combination of work permits is / are
necessary prior to carrying out any hot work.
Only authorised personnel are allowed to operate or
handle any specialised equipment such as grinding or
oxy-cutting equipment.
Persons involved directly in any hot work such as
welding, grinding or oxy-cutting must wear the following
safety clothing and equipment as a minimum:
- Goggles, helmets or face shield
- Leather arm protectors, gauntlets
- Persons such as general helper or fire watcher
involved indirectly shall be issued with appropriate eye
protection and gloves.

2.5.3 General Requirements


At least one person designated as fire watcher shall
remain in the immediate area:
- To ensure safe working conditions
- To provide warning to the welder for any potential
hazard developing.

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- To isolate the equipment should emergency arise and


establish contact with responsible person immediately
Proper fire fighting equipment must be provided on site
and fire hose pressurised.
Combustible or volatile materials must be removed from
the vicinity of operations

2.5.4 Oxy-cutting / Welding


Area must be certified gas free by an authorised gas
tester and testing should be carried out at regular
intervals.
Fire resistant canvas / blanket shall be used to contain
sparks and hot slag during oxy-cutting operations.
Flashback arrestors and hose check valves installed to
both oxygen and acetylene cylinders.
Cylinders must be in an upright position. Lying of
cylinders on the ground is strictly forbidden.
Both empty and filled gas cylinders must have their
protective valve caps on and means employed to
distinguish empty and filled cylinders.
Turn-off the engines or close the gas regulators whenever
work stops and clean up the work area and return the
equipment to its proper place to prevent any tripping
hazard.

2.5.5 Pipeline Repairs


Existing pipeline to be repaired / modified must be
isolated. The system must be drained, purged free of
hydrocarbon gas, blocked off and vented to atmosphere.
Cold work by cold cutter shall only be used to break into
the crude oil or gas lines

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Welding shall only commence upon the area being


certified gas free and the conditions safe for welding.
Care must be taken during the process of installing /
removing pipeline. Should the weight be too heavy,
mechanical means shall be used.

2.6 SAFETY ON BLASTING AND PAINTING.

2.6.1 Introduction
Blasting is a process of cleaning of surfaces by the action
of abrasives propelled by compressed air.
Blasting can effectively remove rust, providing a
thoroughly cleaned surface free of rust, foreign particles
and contaminants. Through blasting, an etched surface is
achieved thus providing a greater surface area enhancing
adherence abilities of paint to the surface.

2.6.2 Requirement
All blasting and painting activities shall be executed in
accordance to Clients specification
Only copper slag and approved garnet shall be used as
abrasives.
Hot work permit is required for any blasting or painting
activity.

2.6.3 Safety Requirements


Immediate work area must be roped off and appropriate
signs erected. Only authorised personnel are permitted to
remain.

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If possible, all activities shall be performed in well-


ventilated place
Measures must be taken to reduce inherent pollution
arising from grit dust, dust and paint particles.
Equipment used shall incorporate the following safety
measures as a minimum:
- Blasting gun shall be fitted with a dead man remote
control
- Spray gun shall be fitted with safety catches and
locked whenever not in use.
- Pressure hose and fitting used shall be of the correct
rating and connection must be properly lashed.
During any change-out or repair, the system must be
isolated and pressure relieved.
Communication should be established between operator
and assistant.
Blaster must wear the following personal protective
equipment as a minimum:
- Blast suit and helmet with inlet air supply
- Gauntlets
- Safety boots
Personnel within the locality of blasting activities shall
have the following safety equipment as a minimum:
- Dust mask
- Full eye protection
- Ear plugs

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2.7 SAFETY ON SCAFFOLDING.

2.7.1 Introduction
Defined as a temporarily provided structure which provides
access to, or from which persons works, or which is used to
support materials, plant or equipment. It must be correctly
designed and constructed so that it is safe to use.

2.7.2 Requirements
Scaffold is required for working at an elevated level of 2
meters above ground.
The erection of scaffolding shall conform the British
Standard 5973 Code of Practice for Access and Working
Scaffolds and special scaffold structures in steel as well
as SSB / SSPC Procedure Bulletin No. 3 Safe Access
and Scaffolding

2.7.3 Basic Safety Requirements


All scaffold structures shall be erected with approved
metal components. The only exception to this
requirement is wooden planking.
All available anchorage shall be carefully inspected
before hangers are placed.
All wooden planks are to be lashed down tightly
All scaffold structures must be duly inspected and
certified by a competent person.
An approved tag system shall be employed to ensure its
approval for sale use and continuous monitoring.

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2.8 ELECTRICAL SAFETY.

2.8.1 Introduction
Electrical current can be fatal; any mishap could result in
death. In order to control potentially hazardous
operations, only competent personnel are allowed to
handle electrical equipment
To provide personnel guidelines upon which policies,
procedures and practices may be based for the
promotion of Electrical Safety

2.8.2 Personal Requirements


Adequate knowledge of the technicalities of electricity
Adequate experience of work in connection with
electricity.
Adequate detailed knowledge of the power system upon
which work is being carried out
Competent electrician must have served at least a
recognised apprenticeship or trade course, which
qualifies him to execute routine electrical activities.

2.8.3 Statutory Requirements


Act 227, Electrical Inspection Act 1983
Electrical Inspectorate Regulation 1984
Act 139, Factories and Machinery Act 1967

2.8.4 General Safety Requirements


Any work relating to electrical facilities, requires a permit.
Contract with even low voltage lines can result in death.

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Only authorised personnel are allowed to handle


electrical equipment. Any unsafe situations should be
reported to the person in charge.
Follow instructions carefully as to the operation of any
electrical equipment. Report consults an electrician for
any malfunction.
Never handle electrical system when in a wet condition.
Panel to the electrical system must be closed unless
repairs and adjustments are being made on the
apparatus.
Ensure the system is grounded prior to carrying out
repairs or adjustments.
Never carry out work on high voltage electrical equipment
alone.
Work on live electrical equipment is prohibited.

2.9 GENERAL SAFETY ON TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT.

2.9.1 General Requirement


Be of reputable manufacture and duly certified.
Be in good working condition
Used only for its sole purpose(s) as designed.
Installations shall follow manufactures instruction.
Other safety requirements if used within classified
(potential hazard) areas.

2.9.2 Personal Requirement


Operators must be familiar with tools or equipment.
Follow manufactures instructions for safe operations.

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Wear appropriate personal protective equipment

2.9.3 Basic Safety


All tools and equipment shall be inspected regularly.
Defective or unsafe tools shall be removed and replaced
at once.
Tools shall be kept and stored properly so that they do
not pose a tripping or failing hazard.
Mushroom faces of hand tools shall be ground back to
their original shapes to prevent chips of steel flying off.
Avoid handling driving tools with hands use a tool holder.
Tools or loose materials should never be left aloft on
machinery.

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